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Copy of Fate and personal choice: hamlet

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Peter Tadesse

on 5 June 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Fate and personal choice: hamlet

Fate and Personal Choice

In Shakespeare's time they believed there was a great chain of being that conducted life.
At the top of that list was God, therefore God was always in charge of each man's life.
Living in this time, Shakespeare's writing was influenced by this idea.
Therefore, the theme to this play is that your life is always lead by fate and your personal choices do nothing but delay whatever that fate might be.
When it came to your personal choices, Shakespeare believed they did not alter your fate but rather delay the fate predicted for you.
This idea is common in many of his plays.
An example from Hamlet would be they prophecy given to Hamlet by the ghost. The prophecy does eventually come true to it's entirety, it just takes time to do so.
Quotes: Fate
Quotes: Fate

Emilie, Ben, Erika, Tristan, Mamun
Quotes: Personal Choice
: Ophelia is an example of personal choice and death because she committed suicide. An example of a fateful death is when Laertes and Hamlet fight
An example of a personal choice and revenge is when Laertes seeks revenge on Hamlet after he kills Polonius and contributes to killing Ophelia. BUt an example of fateful revenge is Hamlets father.
Disease, rotting and decay:
This is all fate because none of the characters choose to go crazy and inherit a disease, so therefore its fate.
Ambition and Lust for power:
There are a couple characters that make personal choices to gain power and they are Polonius, Claudius, Rosencrantz, Gildernstern and Osiric. But there is an argument that in human nature the lust for power is genetic and there fore it owuld be fate.
"And let all sleep. while to my shame I see
The imminent death of twenty thousand men,
That for a fantasy and trick fame
Go to their graves like beds, fight for a plot
Whereon the numbers cannot try the cause,
Which is not tomb enough and continent
To hide the slain? O, from this time forth,
My thoughts be bloody, or be nothing worth!"
- Act 4, Scene 4, lines 58-65
Hamlet is speaking in soliloquy about how Fortinbras is a real man and how he has not been one. This is where Hamlet chooses to finally act against the king and lets fate take its course.
"Here, as before, never, so help you mercy,
How strange or odd soe'er I bear myself,
As I perchance hereafter shall think meet
To put an antic disposition on,
That you, at such times seeing me, never shall,
With arms encumber'd thus, or this head-shake,
Or by pronouncing of some doubtful phrase,"
- Act 1, Scene 5, Line 170-176
Hamlet is speaking to Horatio and Marcellus about his choice to act mad. He is telling his friends how not to give him away in his plan to revel information from the king.

a) Hamlet to Horatio

b) Hamlet tells Horatio how he plotted to overcome Claudius’s scheme to have him murdered in England. He replaced the sealed letter carried by the unsuspecting Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, which called for Hamlet’s execution. Hamlet was able to change the name on the letter to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern so they were executed instead
c) Our fate is way stronger than our personal choices in life. Fate controls our lives regardless of the choices we make. It means that we make plans imperfectly, and sometimes we don't know what we're doing. But there's a divinity that watches over us and takes control and decides the results.
"Sir, in my heart there was a kind of fighting
that would not let me sleep. Methought I lay
worse than the mutines in the bilboes. Rashly
and praised be rashness for it: let us know
our indiscretion sometimes serves us well
when our deep plots do pall, and that should teach us
there’s a divinity that shapes our ends,
rough-hew them how we will"
Act 5 Scene 1
Not a whit. We defy augury. There’s a special providence in the fall of a sparrow. If it be now, ’tis not to come. If it be not to come, it will be now. If it be not now, yet it will come—the readiness is all. Since no man of aught he leaves knows, what is ’t to leave betimes? Let be.

Act 5 Scene 2
a) Hamlet to Horatio
b) Conversation between the two discussing about the duel set out by Claudius and Horatio tries to see if Hamlet would want to back out and do it another day when he feels better.
c) Hamlet thinks it is useless to defy God's will and purpose, while 'we defy augury", meaning that he doesn't believe in bad signs, because they are just false signs that do not truly come from God. Hamlet here doesn't really express whether he believes things would work out in his favor or not, but simply that he should be ready and do his part. This is a defining moment for Hamlet.

Fate Quotes
"Hear you, sir.
What is the reason that you use me thus?
I loved you ever. But it is no matter.
Let Hercules himself do what he may, the cat will mew and dog will have his day."

Act 5 Scene 1

a) Hamlet to Queen and King
b) This conversation happens at Ophelia’s funeral Laertes attacks him, when Hamlet says that his love for Ophelia is far greater than that of Laertes. After a lengthy tirade, he asks Laertes why he had attacked him, because he had always been his friend.
c) The last lines are saying, essentially, "what will be, will be." Even someone as strong as Hercules can't stop the course of events. This suggests that Hamlet believes fate is at work in the series of events that have taken place. It also seems to both foreshadow the violent ending while it sends the message that even his grief at the death of his beloved Ophelia has not put him off of the objective of avenging his father's murder

The following symbols and motifs fall into fate/personal choice. Let's begin with treachery and poison. In Act V, Scene II, the way we can relate to treachery is when Laertes gets into a duel with Hamlet and ultimately wounds himself. "Why as a woodcock, to mine own springe, Osric. I am justly killed with mine treachery." Laertes knows that if his acts to fight Hamlet hadn't taken place, his treacherous actions as he states, kills him.
Poison also ties with fate and personal choice.
Hamlet decides Claudius' fate by making the
personal choice in Act V, Scene II by forcing
Claudius to take the poison, the same poison that
killed Gertrude.
Depression and suicide are also major factors for fate and personal choices in Hamlet. Suicide is a personal choice, and in most cases, suicide is derived from signs of depression. Due to Ophelia's chronic depression, her ultimate personal choice in life was to end it, which would have been her inevitable fate : Death.
Yorick's skull and the gravediggers are pieces of fate and personal choices. The gravediggers were a constant reminder that death is near and no one can escape it. We are born to die, and it is known that we will die one day. Yorick's skull is a piece of fate because te jester that Hamlet had adored so dearly when he was a child had his death written in the stars. All Hamlet is doing now is looking at the fate in the eyes of the skull is a representation of eath, and Hamlet is looking into the eyes of death, seeing his future, his inescapable fate.

Blood/violence/tyranny: An example of Bloodshed and violence is the last fight between Hamlet and Laertes. Tyranny is also within this fight because of Claudius's decision to try and kill Hamlet with the poison.
Hearing & Eavesdropping: An example of this is when Polonius is spying the conversation Hamlet and Gertrude are having and end up being killed due to mistaken identity
Ghost & Supernatural World: An example of this is the ghost of King Hamlet ordering Hamlet to seek his revenge on Claudius
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