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Roots to Madness
Transcript of Roots to Madness
"I have no way, and therefore i want no eyes;
I stumbled when i saw. Full oft'tis seen,
Our means secure us, and our mere defects
Prove our commodities.Oh! dear son Edgar,
The food of thy abused father's wrath;
Might i but live to see thee in my touch,
I'd say i had eyes again." (4.1 18-24)
Madness and the realization of truth
Gloucester (who's blindness of truth, led him to madness) seemingly trusted his son Edmund his bastard son whom he had always felt pity for.
Gloucester was deprived of sight to the truth by emotional and mental instabilities, which was what made it so easy for Edmund to deceive him.
He acquires the feeling of no longer being oblivious to the truth, hence being able to "see", when it is too late
The first signs of his madness are portrayed when his blindless takes control in his decision making.
Realization of Truth
When Cordelia and Lear met, he realized his wrong doings and asked for forgiveness
His madness caused him to believe banishing Cordelia was right
It was after her death that he understood her loyalty to him
Realization of truth
At the cusp of death, Edmund comes to realize his ignorant decisions which were made at a state of madness and confusion.
At Edmund's last moments of life, he believed he had the ability to accomplish one last good deed after an immediate rush of sympathy for those who he had done wrong.
Roots of Madness- King Lear
Lear's hamartia is his excessive pride
It is evidently displayed in the beginning and continues throughout the play
Excessive pride is first shown when he decides to divide the land
Root of Madness- Edmund
Edmund's hamartia/tragic flaw, being his lust for power lead him to make irrational decisions, which allowed him to come to a realization of truth upon death.
Root of Madness - Gloucester
Gloucester's undefeatable tragic flaw is his blindness towards the truth which contributes to the gradual severity of madness which in turn leads to a final realization of truth.
"Here I disclaim all my paternal care...And as a stranger to my heart and me / Hold thee from this for ever." (1.1.112-114)
When Lear disowns Cordelia, this is the beginning of his madness
Goneril and Regan refuse to let Lear possess any knights, his only pride he has to hold on to is taken from his grasp
While in the field, Lear contains no amount of pride any longer
It is evident at this scene that his madness has reached its climax
"And ask of thee forgiveness: so we'll live, / And pray, and sing, and tell old tales and laugh." (5.3.11-12)
The Theme of Madness In Films
They both have similar attributes
The Mad Hatter along with Lear both display their emotions on the outer surface
they have a short temper and impulsive behaviour
Since Edmund was shunned upon due to being seen as the bastard son his father Gloucester and brother Edgar took pity on him.
Having an inferiority of being the illegitimate son enabled him to believe that in order to become superior he was entitled to take advantage of the pity shown upon him.
This specific occurrence marks the beginning of Edmund's tragic flaw demonstrated through his spontaneous actions.
Theme of Madness in Modern songs
After thoroughly investigating the song Royals by Lorde it is prevalent that the chorus directly relates to the innate lust for power existing in Edmund.
As discussed previously Edmund underwent many obstacles in order to compensate to his inferiority, being that he is the bastard son (he compensated his inferiority with his ongoing desire to become superior)
"And we'll never be royals. It don't run in our blood"
This directly related to Edmund because his mother was a mistress making him illegitimate. He could never be royal because he was not born in the line of succession.
Theme of Madness in Art
Louis was born in 1860 in Clerkwell, London.
Suffering from schizophrenia, he was recognized for his obsessive fixation of illustrating felines performing human activities
Through continuous research as well as the examining of multiple drawings it is clear the simulation of portraying cats excecuting anthropomorphic characteristics conveys a sense of obscure judgement.
The inability to decipher between reality and fantasy matter of factly relates to Gloucester in King Lear.
As the severity of Edmund's lust for power gradually arises he continues to betray those closest to him, this can be seen when he deceives his father for a second time.
Author Ole Hoystad stated, "The power-seeker only bows to power." (Hoystad, 178)
This quote can support how Edmund can under go any circumstance even if it means harming those who respected and gave sympathy towards him in order to gain nobility.
Not only does his sense of sensibility seem non-existent but also the ongoing desire to become the most powerful continues to have an affect on his mind-set.
Deceiving sisters Goneril and Regan into making them beleive he desires both is the final step into the climax of Edmund's madness.
His sense of judgement clouded his capability (due to the severity of his hamartia) to make sensible and just decisions.
Edmund's urge to become superior increased with every impulsive desicion, this allowed him to commit multiple harmful deeds against family and those closest to him.
"I'll rule, let me live that fantasy."
Edmund tries to live his fantasy by trying to achieve it through the irrational decisions which were made upon impulsive thinking in order for him to achieve nobility.
The oblivion of uncovering the intentions of Edmund left Gloucester manipulated and treated harshly when his own son betrayed him once more.
Gloucester had tried to retrive Lear to restore the kingdom after Lear had wandered off, Edmund then betrayed his father and literally had his eyes gauged out.
Upon this occurrence the theme of blindness becomes seemingly blatant to both Gloucester and the audience which has an astronomical effect on the attitude and beliefs, which guide Gloucester to his madness.
It is prevalent that a sense of madness is blatantly recognizable in Wain which is cultivated through his obsession and possibly confusion of reality displaying felines performing human-like activities, due to his madness
Oblivious judgement in Gloucester permits him to become incognizant of his beliefs, which is also due to the effects of his madness
At this point Gloucester realizes his failure to consider both sides of the story and that he had blinded himself of the truth through unfeighned ignorance which in turn led him to the climax of his corrupted mentality
In a metaphorical sense he had been blinded when he could see, and due to the hardships he had endured, he finally gained a sense of apprehension into the nature of those around him; this is when he truly faced the realization of the truth.
Hoystad, Ole. " A history of the heart" Google Books. Web. Mar. 2014
Shakespeare, William, and Roma Gill. King Lear. Oxford University Press.1994. Print.