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Iran Hostage Crisis

American History
by

N Hickey

on 24 February 2011

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Transcript of Iran Hostage Crisis

Who? What? Where? When? Why? Iran
Hostage
Crisis 300-500 angry students named "Imam's Disciples" invaded the American Embassy
The Iran Hostage Crisis affected
many people.
Jimmy Carter was the President of the USA during the crisis
Ronald Reagan was the President at the end of the Hostage Crisis
Iran's new leader, Ayatollah Khomeini, wanted to attack US
This event was a about a conflict between Iran and the United States of America The Iran Hostage Crisis was a political crisis between the US and Iran
November 4th 1979, over 52 Americans were held hostage until January 20th 1981 (444 days)
Islamic students and military took over the American Embassy in support of the Iranian Revolution.
African Americans, women, and ill citizens were later released, leaving 52 in hostage -Jimmy Carter put pressure on the Iranian governement to negotiate terms to release the American citizens from hostage immediately -Carter stopped oil imports from Iran -Carter froze nearly $8 billion of
Iran's benefits in the US
- The US patiently waited for the
hostages to be set free Later... the United States got a list of demands from Iran for hostages to be set free Demands:
apology for American involvement in Iran
promise of staying out of Iranian affairs in the future
Carter did not agree with these demands April 1980
"Eagle Claw" mission to rescue hostage took place Execution of Mission = Fail American citizens and diplomats were being held hostage in the American Embassy in Tehran,Iran Novemeber 4th,1979
until
January 20th 1981 ... is this so significant to the United States of America? How? ... did everything turn out? By October of 1980, Iran was more willing to compromise letting the hostages go. Iraq invaded Iran in September of 1980, giving Iran larger problems to deal with

Some believe to this day that Ronald Reagan (Carter's competition in the Presidential race) may have come to an agreement with Iran to keep Americans hostage until he was in office, making him look like a hero.

It was thought that if Carter had freed the American hostages before the election, he would have been re-elected President. The Iran Hostage Crisis lead to loss of faith in the American government This worried American citizens that if they were held hostage in a forgein country, their government wouldn't rescue them or do everything in their ability to keep them safe. Also, the idea that a United States President would put himself before the lives of {52} others. ? Did You Know...
Ken Taylor was the Canadian Ambassador to Iran during the Iran Hostage Crisis. He helped rescue six Americans. He contacted Prime Minister Joe Clark to send over Canadian passports to issue to some of the Americans being held. This tricked the Iranians and helped set them free. Cause? Before the Iran Hostage Crisis tragedy, the Islamic Revolution was happening. (1978-1979)
Leader of Iran, Ayatollah Khomeini, wanted to discontiune relations with the US
Iranians were upset with President Carter for allowing former Leader of Iran, Shah, into the US for medical attention Iran would have easily freed the American citizens within hours, but because the American government's reaction was not more threatening, this went on for a long time. Carter did not take an aggressive aproach to the crisis. This made it last longer. the end "For the first time in the history of our country the majority of our people believe that the next five years will be worse than the past five years" -- Jimmy Carter
Full transcript