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Environmental Events in the 1970's
Transcript of Environmental Events in the 1970's
ENVIRONMENTAL EVENTS IN THE1970'S
Environmental Protection Agency
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is a U.S Federal Government organization that had the drive to protect human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations founded on laws approved by the U.S. Congress. The EPA was proposed by Richard Nixon, the 37th president of the United States. After Nixon’s proposal was passed he signed the executive order and the organization was officially established, on December 2nd, 1970. The Environmental Protection agency is led by an Administrator who is selected by the president and then is approved by U.S Congress.
William D. Ruckleshaus
(EPA's first Administrator)
Term: Dec. 4th 1970 - April 30th 1973
(37th president who
proposed and signed
for the establishment
Major Participants of the EPA in 1970
But none of this could have been possible without the hard workers, employees and volunteers of this organization.
The EPA takes action!
After the Environmental Protection Agency was established they immediately started to take action by conducting environmental assessments, educating the public and doing research to improve human health and environmental issues. It is the EPA's responsibility to maintain and enforce national standards that are under several environmental laws, involved with the state. The EPA has the power to give fines, sanctions (giving penalties or rewards), and other actions. The Environmental Protection agency also collaborates with companies, industries, and a variety of government levels in a wide scale of voluntary energy conservation and pollution prevention programs.
The EPA played a large role and still does in educating people about the roles we play in the environment.
Progress is made!
On December 3, 1970. Only one day after the EPA was officially established the Congress authorized the EPA to set auto admissions, national air quality, and anti pollution standards. This being the Clean Air Act which defines the EPA's responsibilities for protecting and improving the nation's air quality and the ozone layer. Because of the EPA In the first 20 years the Clean air act prevented over 200,000 premature deaths by significantly reducing the presence of lead, sulfur dioxide and other harmful pollutants in the air. Many other goals were set as part of the clean air act and it was the EPA's duty to achieve them.
In the years 1970 - 1980 the EPA made great progress such as, banning lead based paint, taking action on national air and water quality, educating people on the harms of pollution, testing the fuel economy of cars, reducing lead exhaust from cars, and many other action to help improve human health and the environment.
On June 14, 1972 After major concerns made by the public on a commonly used pesticide DDT and the effects of people's health EPA banned the product and made extensive mandatory reviews on all pesticides.
The Environmental Protection Agency main building in Washington D.C.
Environmental Protection Agency United States Map view
Environmental Protection Agency Washington D.C. map view
1200 Pennsylvania Ave NW, Washington, DC
EPA locations in the United states
Ever since December 2, 1970 the EPA has played a large role in the protection of human health and the environment . Whether it be decreasing the amount of pollutants in the the air, keeping our water clean to drink, educating people about harmful pollutants, or banning harmful chemicals, there is no doubt our world would not be the same without the help of the Environmental Protection Agency. Without the EPA enforcing and regulating the dangers being put into our environment people would continue to put harmful substances into the ecosystem. That is why the EPA is a significant factor to the health of people and the environment up to this day.
United Nation Environment Programme
Untied Nation Environment Programme (UNEP)
UNEP is the United Nation system’s created for addressing environmental issues at the global and regional level. Assisting developing countries of its environmental policy by keeping the global environment under review and bringing serious emergency issues to the attention of the government and the international community for action. It was founded as a result of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in June 1972 held in Stockholm, Sweden, proposed the creation of a global body to act as the environmental conscience of the UN system. In response establishing UNEP's programme priorities headed by an Executive Director, Maurice Strong
Major Participant of the UNEP in 1970
In the early 1970s he was secretary general of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment and then became the first executive director of the UNEP during December 1972, the UN General Assembly unanimously elected Maurice Strong to head UNEP. (1972–1975)
UNEP's current Executive Director
"To provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations."
The UNEP In Action!
After the Untied Nation Environmental Program (UNEP) was established. They first researched environmental issues to prevent and reduce impacts of disasters on different places that are undeveloped, through better ecosystems management.
1972 UNEP established after Stockholm UN Conference on the Human Environment. UNEP provides global leadership and encourages partnership in caring for the environment.
Focusing on human interactions with the environment decided to convene a conference in 1972 and suggesting that the conference focus on "stimulating and providing guidelines for action by national government and international organizations" facing environmental issues.
In Barcelona February 1975, three years after the Stockholm Ministerial Conference that set up the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), 16 Mediterranean countries adopted the Mediterranean Action Plan called the MAP. The map was the first-ever plan adopted as a Regional Seas under United Nation Environmental Program. The main objectives of the MAP were to assist the Mediterranean countries to asses and control marine pollution, to formulate their national environment policies, to improve the ability of governments to identify better options for alternative patters of development, and to optimize the choices for allocation of resources.
UNEP Regional Offices
Regional Office for North America
Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean
Regional Office for Europe
Regional Office for Africa
Regional Office for West Asia
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
As results their projects covered many issues concerning the atmosphere, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, environmental governance and green economy. It has greatly helped the development of international environmental conventions. It has also helped to promote environmental science, working on the development and implementation of policy with national governments, regional institutions in conjunction with environmental Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs).
1975 Adoption of the Mediterranean Action Plan.
The meeting held in Stockholm agreed upon an announcement containing 26 principles concerning the environment and development;
- Natural resources must be safeguarded
- The Earth’s capacity to produce renewable resources must be maintained
- Wildlife must be safeguarded
- Non-renewable resources must be shared and not exhausted
- Pollution must not exceed the environment’s capacity to clean itself
- Damaging oceanic pollution must be prevented
- Development is needed to improve the environment
- Developing countries therefore need assistance
First Earth Day
The Earth Day is an event celebrated on April 22 and was first created in 1970. The organizer of this event was Denis Hayes. Nowadays this is organized by the Earth Day Network that was founded in 1993 by Denis Hayes that dedicates to the organization of this day.
he was born in 1916 and was a Democrat from Wisconsin. He had the first idea of doing an earth day in USA. He was always concerned about the environment and decided to teach people about it. He chose
, a student from an university to organize the first earth day.
also had a similar idea but more on a global scale.
Major Participants of Earth Day
What happens during the Earth Day
Now thanks to this event the
is not only on the earth day, now more people are taking action and trying to change every day. Even
industries and companies
are part of this event and try to take action by reducing their footprint on the planet and thinking
how this affects the environment and the animals.
It’s estimated that 20 million Americans participated in the first Earth Day in 1970. By the year 2000, formal events celebrating Earth Day were being observed in 184 countries, and more than 500 million people participated in those events.
When and Where?
The first Day was celebrated on April 22 and nowadays the date continues being the same.
In 1970 this event was only celebrated in USA but now is celebrated in more than 192 countries.
In 1990 this event became international
Earth day is used to raise awareness to save the earth, especially in times of
global warming. Is a way of teaching people how to “Go Green”, this includes Recycle, Reuse and Reduce. Thanks to the earth day the earth day network was created. Including many other organizations and NGOs dedicated on teaching people and communities how to save the earth. In the website of the earth day network you can find the donation that are being made, the programs they have and even the things people are doing to take action right now.
Now more than 500 million people are
involved in more than 190 countries.