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Transcript of Transfiguration Exegesis
second book of Penateuch (first 5 books of the OT)
From Greek word exodos meaning exit or departure
statements in this book and NT leads to Mosaic authorship confusion in this word
karan vs. keren luminosity- characteristic attribute to divinity
radiance emitted by Moses is afterglow of God
reflection of the glory was to serve as a sign that the covenant had been reinstated Moses takes the veil off in the presence of God
keeps it on to keep the Israelites from gazing at God's radiance Israel's sin of calf worship was an interruption that had occurred between the relationship between God and the people. Because of God's mercy, the relationship was healed and they were ready to prepare for the building of the temple. Luke 9:28-36 About eight days after Jesus said this, he took Peter, John and James with him and went up onto a mountain to pray. As he was praying, the appearance of his face changed, and his clothes became as bright as a flash of lightning. Two men, Moses and Elijah, appeared in glorious splendor, talking with Jesus. They spoke about his departure, which he was about to bring to fulfillment at Jerusalem. Peter and his companions were very sleepy, but when they became fully awake, they saw his glory and the two men standing with him. As the men were leaving Jesus, Peter said to him, “Master, it is good for us to be here. Let us put up three shelters—one for you, one for Moses and one for Elijah.” (He did not know what he was saying.)While he was speaking, a cloud appeared and enveloped them, and they were afraid as they entered the cloud. A voice came from the cloud, saying, “This is my Son, whom I have chosen; listen to him.” When the voice had spoken, they found that Jesus was alone. The disciples kept this to themselves, and told no one at that time what they had seen. it is said to be a companion book to Acts based on the language and structure
Luke was a Gentile by birth, was educated in the Greek culture, a physician, and a companion of Paul Historians of Rome would tell stories of divine kings whose divinity was confirmed by a transfiguration story in comparison to Mark, Luke references to
the content of the conversation between Jesus, Moses, and Elijah
the voice saying "Jesus as my chosen" mountains are places of revelation in Biblical tradition
Jesus leaves the sphere of ordinary events to go to a place of communion with god
praying links this event to other important events in Jesus' life
linkage to Moses, Elijah used changed rather than transformed because he is writing to Gentile Christians. Avoided words associated with the pagan myths of metamorphosis connections to Moses and Elijah:
both received mountaintop revelations from God
Jesus often recalls their works
both men's lives ended unusually- same case could be argued with Jesus only Luke refers to the conversation
exodus- Jesus' death will not be defeat, but a great triumph since it sets His people free.
Jesus' exodus is not a fate he endures, but a deed which He accomplishes, dying freely, of His own will
Moses led the first Exodus. Jesus, the new Moses, will lead a second one. Peter's word reveal that he saw and recognized the men.
Peter may be wanting to celebrate God's intervention or prolong the experience Transfiguration and Resurrection similarities:
2 men appear
flashing light, dazzling appearance
people being afraid
"this is my Son, the Chosen One; Listen to him" the veil over Jesus' person is lifted- a glimpse of His true glory.
intended to encourage the disciples during the dark days that lie ahead Jesus fulfills the prophets by removing the veil.
He is the restoration of the original covenant Transfiguration Sunday