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Transcript of Nuremberg Laws
Germany, 1935 These were laws passed
by the Nazis in effect,
to make the life of Jews
miserable What were
They? They were a
set of infamous laws passed
in 1935 to prevent the
Jews to have any contact with non-Jews. Some Jews actually felt the Laws could
help them, and embraced them with
open arms, the majority however hated the
laws. Historian's Comments on Laws: The Laws: There were 120 minor laws overall, but the following are the infamous, most well-known ones:
1. Marriages between and Jews and Germans or
of kindred blood are strictly prohibited
2. Extramarital sexual intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of Germany or related blood is forbidden.
3. Jews will not be permitted to employ female citizens under the age of 45, of German or kindred blood, as domestic workers.
4. Jews cannot display Reich (national) colours and/ or the national flag, but are free to display Jewish national colours
5. Punishments in relation to laws above include hard labour, imprisonment, and hefty fines, depending on seriousness of crime. The Nuremburg Laws: what did prohibit? Events prior to
the Laws: After Germany's loss of WWI, and the hefty sums of money and land they were forced to pay, Germany had been an extremely weak country on the verge of cracking.
The Economic Crisis lead to MILLIONS of Germans losing their jobs, and the previous government was overthrown.
People naturally blamed the Jew for their failures as afterall, that was what had been going on for
Adolf Hitler had formed the NAZI political party, and had promised to fix all the people's problems such
as the Economic Crisis, and bring Germany back into power again, supposing the public voted for him,
which they did. He kept his thriving hatred of the Jews very low profile, and only told people what they
wanted to hear.
Once in power Adolf Hitler began to openly express anti-Semitic ideas, but only AFTER he was in power. Based on his readings of how blacks were denied civil rights in the southern states in America, Hitler attempted to make life so unpleasant for Jews in Germany that they would emigrate, and leave only the "Pure German Race" in Germany. The campaign started on 1st April, 1933, when a one-day boycott of Jewish-owned shops took place, "Krystallnacht". However, this was only the start of his plans.
The laws were
not well thought out or
planned, yet rather hastily
written in a desperate
attempt to get Jews to
gradually emigrate. The Effect of the Laws on
the Jews: Jews were outraged by the laws. The events preceeding
and succeeding the laws were too much for some Jews,
who emigrated to America.
The laws stripped Jews of their freedom, their citizen ship was
made irrelevant, making them foreigners in their own homeland.
ALL JEWS were also forced to wear stars of David to easily distinguish
them from Germans.
The hostility of towards Jews increased in Germany. This was reflected in the decision by many shops and restaurants not to serve the Jewish population. Placards saying "Jews not admitted" and "Jews enter this place at their own risk" began to appear all over Germany. In some parts of the country Jews were banned from public parks, swimming-pools and public transport, similarly to the racism towards the blacks present in America at the time.
Germans were also encouraged by the NAZI party to not use Jewish doctors and lawyers. Jewish civil servants, teachers and those employed by the mass media were fired. Members of the SA put pressure on people not to buy goods produced by Jewish companies. For example, the Ullstein Press (a thriving Jewish printing business), the largest publisher of newspapers, books and magazines in Germany, was forced to sell the company to the NSDAP in 1934 after the actions of the SA had made it impossible for them to make a profit.
Many Jewish people who could no longer earn a living left the country, these were the sensible ones.
The number of Jews emigrating increased after the passing of the Nuremberg Laws on Citizenship and Race in 1935. Under this new law Jews could no longer be citizens of Germany.
However, some Jews weighed the disadvantages of leaving Germany over the advantages, and remained in Germany. Hitler Giving a Speech to the NAZI party
prior to the laws being set: Originally the Star of David, but the turned
infamous when Jews were forced to wear it. An Unfair Vote: Germany was a one-party state when the Nuremberg Laws were passed (1935). Only Nazi party nominees were allowed to stand for election. The Nuremberg Laws were not put to the vote, so the general public did not have any say on the laws.
They were read out, and the Nazi Reichstag cheered wildly and that was that.
'Passed by acclaim' was the more formal expression used; really it meant passed unfairly and unjustly. The massive NAZI party, consisting of the SS and the SA Anti-Semitic (German) poster (START HERE:) "Krystallnacht" The night of broken glass. Jewish property and businesses were destroyed, jews were murdered in their own homes by the SA's gangs of thugs. The Manifestation of the Laws and final abolishment: Hitler was preparing for war with the Allies ever since he came into power.
He needed a lot of money to resupply and rebuild the
armies of Germany, which he did by fining the Jews' race on the whole
a billion reichsmarks (the currency in Germany at the time), and charged hefty penalties
for Jews who broke the Nuremberg Laws.
He forced lawbreakers to sign a contract which stated that they'd given permission for the
NAZIs to secure him. This was a VERY misleading statement because as soon as they'd signed the
contract, they were sent to Concentration Camps, where they'd do unimaginable labour for the NAZIs.
Those who refused to sign were tortured and beaten until they did sign the contract.
Any Jews who remained in Germany throughout the war were sent to concentration camps, whether they
be men, women of children.
The laws during the war may as well have been abolished as all of the Jews (except those in hiding) were sent
to these camps to work to the death, or be gassed.
Only after the liberation of the camps by the Allies were the survivors freed and Anti-Semitic laws in Germany