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Azerbaijan Culture

Azerbaijan Finds Independence

Aileen Malijan

on 8 June 2011

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Transcript of Azerbaijan Culture

Azerbaijan Timeline of Indepedence 1991 - After failed coup attempt in Moscow, Azerbaijani parliament votes to restore independence. In elections boycotted by opposition, Mr Mutallibov becomes president.

Heydar Aliyev becomes leader of the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhichevan.

Leadership of Nagorno-Karabakh declares the region an independent republic. Inter-ethnic hostilities escalate. 1992-93 - The Armenians engage in an
all-out war with the Azeris over Karabakh.
More than 600 Azeris killed. Abulfaz Elchibey, leader of nationalist People's Front, becomes president. Armenia launches offensive into Azerbaijani
territory around Karabakh. Rebel army commander Col Surat Huseynov takes control of Azerbaijan's second city, Gyandzha, and marches on Baku. President Elchibey invites Aliyev to return to the capital and subsequently flees.

Mr Aliyev assumes leadership. Mr Huseynov becomes prime minister and is placed in charge of defence and security forces. Referendum indicates massive loss of public confidence in Elchibey. Aliyev wins presidential elections boycotted by Elchibey's People's Front. 1994 - Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh sign a ceasefire accord. Ethnic Armenians remain in control of Karabakh and a swathe of Azerbaijani territory around it. 1994 - Azerbaijan signs what it calls the "contract of the century" with a consortium of international oil companies for the exploration and exploitation of three offshore oil fields. 1997 - Former PM Surat Huseynov is extradited from Russia. Following a lengthy trial for high treason he is eventually sentenced to life imprisonment. Former PM Surat Huseynov is extradited from Russia. Following a lengthy trial for high treason he is eventually sentenced to life imprisonment. The first oil is produced by the Azerbaijani International Operating Company under the "contract of the century". Ilham Heydar Oglu Aliev 31 Oct 2003 - Artur Tahir oglu Rasizade
6 Aug 2003 - Population Density 8.73 million people Azeri Cat. There are two main religions. Muslim and Islamic. Religious issues in Azerbaijan
were not amongst the religions,
themselves. The religious issues
were of the government tolerating
the free expression of those religions, Azerbaijan has nine out of
the eleven known climate zones in the world. Some Azeri dishes are:
Baliq, Dolma, and
Dushbara. Azeri clothes, woven by different
silks and wool, are woven by hand. National clothes of Azerbaijan are the result of material and moral culture of the people who lived through numerous difficulties in their lives. Closely associated with the history of people, the clothes are one of the most important sources in the investigation of culture of that people. Clothes mainly reflect the national peculiarities and ethnic attributes of people. Physically, Azerbaijan is ringed
with mountains. Towards the northeast,
surrounding the country, is the greater
Caucasus range. Towards the west,
bordering Armenia, is the lesser Caucasus range. The largest body of water
near Azerbaijan is the Caspian sea,
which is where the country receives
a great deal of their food. Natural resources in this country are petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, and alumina. As of the 2009 census,
it is confirmed that the
population goes up by 1.2% a year. Has a military, including Army, Navy, Air and Air Defense Forces. Men can enter the military voulantarily after 18. Men
18 - 35 are liable for military servivce. The length of military service is 18 months and 12 months for university graduates. There
are many people fit for military service with over a million females , and some 100,000 males both ages 18-49. They spen 2.6% of the country's
GPD on military. Most of the income comes from oil resources in the country. The country's GPD is a 2010 estimate of $11,000 per capita in U.S.
dollars. has cultural influences from Islamic and European cultures; including
Persian, Caucasus and Turkic heritage as well as Russian. Today's influences are Western including globalized consumer culture. There are two main languages
spoken in Azerbaijan: Turkic and
the ancient ancestral Azeri language.
Azeris also speak Oghuz, which is
a branch dialect of Turkic. Mugam is a really complex form
of art music. Mugam has specific
systems and concepts of musical
expression that demand its performers
to have a high standard of professionalism.
Mugam is possibly the most traditional forms
of Azeri music. Nowadays, Azerbaijan is still very hierarchial.
Culture, traditions, family and religious affiliation often take precedence over official laws. Azeri culture, due to its rural roots and culturally rich tapestry, has many superstitions. Examples include:
- A cat crossing your path means bad luck in business.
- Salt accidentally spilled means you are about to quarrel. Sprinkle sugar on the salt to counter this.
- Leaving scissors with opened blades brings misfortune and even death.
- If you meet a person with empty buckets, you are bound for misfortune.
- If you meet a person with bread and full bags, you will have good luck.
- Never hurry to a funeral ceremony.
- Do not cross the way the funeral train goes.
- If the first person you meet on your way to work is male, you will have good luck.
- Do not lend money or bread at night.
- Throwing a bowl of water in the wake of a person who sets off for a business trip or long journey brings the person luck and helps them to return home safe and sound. Men greet each other with a handshake, a kiss on the cheek and "salaam" (literally 'peace' but meaning 'hello'). Women hug and kiss each other once on the left cheek. Azeri women do not generally shake hands among themselves, although many will shake hands with a foreigner. Remove your shoes before entering the house. You may be offered slippers to wear. Punctuality is not paramount. Dress casually but smartly. Never wear tight or revealing clothing.
-If there are many people present shake hands with everyone.
-Table manners are fairly formal. If in doubt watch what others do.
-Remain standing until invited to sit down. You may be shown to a particular seat.
-Keep your elbows off the table and your hands above the table when eating.
-The hostess generally serves the food. The elderly are served first, then the guests, and finally the children.
-Use your right hand only to eat and to pass things. As one can see, Azeris actually
have very similar norms and customs to us here on the West. But the Azeri do want a democracy.
From 1918-1920, they had a democracy.
But after that, lived in about 70 years of
Soviet dictatorship. Their democratic model is us. Although they still have the Soviet
mindset, they are highly political and
know what must be done to accomplish
their dreams of being a political efficient
nation. So the position is not hopeless and we do not need centuries to achieve democracy. What we need, however, is to rid ourselves of prejudices and form our own model of democracy. This is likely to include elements common to western models, but it will also have indigenous features shaped by our mentality, traditions and values. Although we live in the era of globalization, there cannot be a single, universal version of democracy. Each nation must fashion a government out of its own culture and history. As an evolving phenomenon, democracy in Azerbaijan will require time, effort and will. Yet ultimately our prospects are good; as a sage once said: nothing promotes the development of democracy better than the absence of it. Shahla Ismayilova - 1998 - Opposition activists arrested at protests against what they say are unfair elections in which Heydar Aliyev is returned as president. International observers report irregularities.

Death penalty abolished. 2000- Today:
Into the new millennium,
a lot of voting and annual
elections. Protests, arrests,
and revolts from opposition
each time.
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