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Copy of COMPONENTS OF FITNESS - AQA GCSE PE

GCSE PE Revision tool covering training; principles, methods and the components of fitness.
by

Jessica Glew

on 17 June 2014

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Transcript of Copy of COMPONENTS OF FITNESS - AQA GCSE PE

COMPONENTS OF FITNESS
Components of
Physical
fitness
Define Cardiovascular Endurance?
Cardiovascular Endurance
Define Muscular Endurance.
Muscular Endurance:
There are 3 types of strength
Strength
The ability to hold or sustain your own body weight or force over time
The ability to move all body parts as quickly as possible. A combination of reaction time and movement time.
Give a sporting example of this component being used.
Speed:
The ability to move all body parts as quickly as possible.
Often referred to as 'stamina'.
It is the
'ability of the heart and lungs to keep working efficiently during an endurance event'.
Test: Multi stage fitness test (Bleep test) or 12 minute cooper run or

TASK: Give a sporting example of it being used?
The capacity of the muscles to perform repeated contractions at, or near maximum level for an extended period of time without becoming fatigued.
TASK: Give a sporting example of this component being used:
Components of
Skill Related

Fitness
Flexibility:
Define Flexibility.
Flexibility is the range of movement around a joint.
Give a sporting example of this component in use.
Define Co-ordination.
Co-ordination:
The ability to link all body parts into one efficient smooth movement
Define Agility.
Agility:
A combination of flexibility and speed. The ability to change direction at speed.
Can you think of two sports where agility is particularly important?
Define Balance.
THINK: what are the two types of Balance?
Balance
Balance is the ability of the performer to retain their center of mass over their base of support.
Balance can be:
Static –
for example, standing on one leg
Dynamic –
for example, keeping your balance on a bike as it goes round a corner.
What type of balance does a surfer need?
What is reaction time?
Reaction Time:
The time taken for the body, or part of the body to respond to a stimulus.
Simple - you react to something as it happens
Choice - you decide WHEN you are going to react

Can you think of a sporting example for each?
Define Timing
Timing:
The ability to coincide movements in relation to external forces.

Can you think of a sporting example?
Power
What is power?
The ability to exert maximum muscular contraction instantly in an explosive burst of movements.

Strength x speed
How do athletes jump so far?
Examination questions:
1. A lack of strength can affect a rugby player’s performance?
2. Flexibility is essential in football?
3. Speed is one of David Beckham’s key attributes?
4. If you are flexible you are less likely to pick up an injury?
5. Agility measures how fast you are?
True or False -
Multiple Choice:
Short answer questions:
1.

What is meant by the term ‘agility’? Give one example from a physical activity.
(2)
Longer question:
Using an example from a named physical activity explain how increased flexibility can help improve performance.
(3)
Dynamic strength:
Explosive strength:
The ability to exert force as quickly as possible (a short, sharp burst or movement)
Can you give an example?
Static Strength:
The greatest ammount of strength that can be applied to an immovable object
Can you think of a sporting example?
Multiple Choice:
1.
The combination of speed and strength in one explosive movement is known as what? (1)

(a)
agility
(b)
power
(c)
balance
(d)
flexibility
2.
Flexibility is. (1)

(a)
The range of motion possible at a joint
(b)
The ability of a muscle to stretch beyond its normal position.
(c)
The percentage of body-weight that is fat, muscle and bone.
(d)
The extent to which the skeletal will allow movement to occur in a given direction.
3.
Which of the following would be most suitable for a shot putter trying to improve their Muscular strength? (1)

(a)
Throwing a tennis ball to correct technique
(b)
Weight training by lifting a heavy weight
(c)
Swimming long distances
(d)
Weight training by lifting light weights many times.
2.
What is meant by the term ‘co-ordination’?
Give one example from a physical activity
(2)
3.
Glenn is a good gymnast. He is looking to improve by following a flexibility and speed training program.

a)
Suggest another type of fitness he might need to develop.
b)
Explain how your answer to (a) is used in gymnastics.
(2)
HOMEWORK:
Your task is to design an exam question about one or more than one component you have covered today.
REMEMBER
your question must be targeted at the marks available.
The person with the star under their chair is now going to deliver the groups findings.
Listen carefully to their points and get ready to ask them questions.
FINAL HURDLE:
TASK TWO:
What are the three types of Strength?
OLYMPIC WORLD RECORDS:
Question:
1. Name ONE type of strength that Usain would use in the 100 meters.
(1 mark)

2. Using an example, explain why improved levels of the strength you named in question 1 would help Usain in the 100 meters.
(3 marks)


Swap Books
Mark Scheme:
1. Explosive, Dynamic, Static.

2.
Award one mark for the example and then two for the explanation.
Explosive strength - when leaving the blocks/improved levels will give him an initial burst of speed/get in front or win the race.
Dynamic strength - during the race/ improved levels maintain his form, speed or cadence/to maintain or improve position.
Static Strength - when holding the set position/improved levels will mean he will be able to hold that correct position and this will help him prevent a false start.
Today we will:


Identify and define the different components of fitness

Explore the skill related factors of fitness and discuss how they can improve performance

Link each component and factor to a sporting example

(Peer Assessment)
The ability to bear weight
Full transcript