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Roman Medicine

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isabel siergiej

on 25 February 2013

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Transcript of Roman Medicine

Roman Medicine Cecelia Ducar, Rachel Ford, and Isabel Siergiej Roman Myths Asklepios = Asclepius God of Medicine While his mother Coronis was in labor,
his father Apollon cut Asklepios from the womb. Asklepios = "to cut open" Raised by a centar
who brought him into
the medical field ~ Restored the dead back to life
~ Healed wounded soldiers in the
battle of Troy Powers: A traditional or legendary story that includes a hero or heroic act usually explaining a practice, rite, or phenomenon. Zeus became angry since he believed
Asklepios' powers were a "crime
against natural order." Hermes God of Communication Rod - Spinal cord Two snakes - Balanced lifestyle Snakes - healing and regeneration Wings - Speed Asklepios Staff Snake - Aesculapian Achilles Mythical Character His mother attempted to make him
immortal by dipping him into the
River Styx. His heel was not immersed which
created the weak spot known as the
Achilles' heel. Spices Yarrow Achilles treated his friend's wounds with this plant. ~astringent, anti-inflammatory,
speeds healing process Garlic "Cure-all" Properties : ~antibacterial, antiviral,
antifungal Medical Instruments
and Procedures Taragon Roman soldiers used taragon during
long marches and wars. ~prevents fatigue from physical exertion
~invigorates the body
~refuels and regains energy Thyme When Roman soldiers were traveling and fighting for an extensive amount of time, they suffered from depression and
home-sickness. ~place under pillow when sleeping to
reduce melancholy Cinnamon ~relieves pain in poisonous bites ~relieves respiratory infections ~helps with nausea and acid reflux ~used as a cough medicine Ginger ~strengthens the heart muscle ~regulates blood ~benefits the immune system Roman Era: 500 B.C. through 476 A.D. 600 years without official medicine -family's responsibility to maintain health Greeks arrived in Rome Roman interest in practical/organized medicine -became an important part of Roman
society Hippocrates Hygieia - goddess of cleaniness and sanitation Iaso - goddess of recuperation from illness Aceso - goddess of the healing process Asclepienions = places of healing ~baths ~gardens ~Roman statue ("Horrible Histories") ("Horrible Histories") Tools: Composition: bronze iron steel scalpels hooks bone drills bone forceps bone levers probes Scalpels resemble modern scalpels
similar shape
same basic function typical scalpel is long
long or deep incisions "bellied scalpels"
more delicate and precise incisions Bone Levers
levering fractured bones into position
may have also been used for levering out teeth Purpose: Hooks ("Rome Surgical Tools") Bone Drills Probes Bone Forceps frequently used
two basic kinds
sharp
hold/lift small pieces of tissue
retract edges of wounds
blunt
probes for dissection
raising blood vessels rotary motion
strip of leather
excise infected tissue from the skull
remove thick objects (such as a weapon) from the bone
arrows or spear heads mix, measure, and apply medicine
some were adapted for use as curettes
remove material by a scraping action



extract small fragments of bone
more convenient than using bare hands
used in conjunction with bone drills (“Greek and Roman Surgical Instruments”) (“Greek and Roman Surgical Instruments”) (Milne, John Stewart) ("Bone Levers") (“Medicine and Surgery in Ancient Rome") (“Medicine and Surgery in Ancient Rome") ("Probes") (“Greek and Roman Surgical Instruments") (“Greek and Roman Surgical Instruments") (“Greek and Roman Surgical Instruments") ("Hooks") ("Bone Drills") ("Bone Forceps") -no official medical methods History Of Roman Medicine ("Spices and Herbs") (Milne, John Stewart) Hippocrates -460 to 384 B.C. -Father of Modern Medicine -Greek Doctor -Romans adopted his teaching -Recorded illnesses, attempts at treatments, and causes and effects ("Hippocrates") Galen About Galen -greatest physician of ancient Rome -built upon Hippocrate's theories Galen Continued -well educated since childhood -trained by physician priests at the Asclepion -special skill in anatomy and surgery -worked as a physician to gladiators -performed dissections to animals and humans ("Galen") (Osborn, David K) (Osborn, David K) (Osborn, David K) ("Rosicrucian Digest") ("Micheal's Art") (Osborn, David K) (Osborn, David K) Daughters: ("Medicine and Surgery") ("Medicine and Surgery") (Osborn, David K) (Rosicrucian Digest) ("NASA") (Osborn, David K) ("Caduceus (Level 16)") (Osborn, David K) ("Caduceus (Level 16)") ("Caduceus (Level 16)") (Osborn, David K) (Blayney, Keith) ("Achilles' Heel, the Myth") ("Discovering References") ("Common Yarrow.") ("Roman Herbs and Medicines") ("Ward off Garlic Breath") ("Roman Herbs and Medicines") ("BBC Good Foods.") ("Roman Herbs and Medicines") ("Thyme.") ("Roman Herbs and Medicines") ("The Local Rose") ("Roman Herbs and Medicines") ("Eating Kale") ("Roman Herbs and Medcine") Roman Medicine Roman Medicine... - had a deeply rooted religious and mythological outlook 3 -Aesculapius = Roman god of medicine 5 -used many "potions" that were antidotes to poisons -used spices and herbs to heal -many are still used today as natural healing agents 4 Facts About (Osborn, David K.) (Cruse, Audrey.) (Osborn, David K.) (D.G., and R.G.) 3- (Cruse, Audrey) 4-(Osborn, David K.) 5-(Leadbetter, Ron) ("Theriac")
Cataract surgery
(1.) thin needle pushed through the eye
(2.) the cataract was broken up and separated
(3.) remaining pieces were suctioned through a long tube
moderate rate of vision improvement success Eye Surgery ("Roman Surgery") Roman Procedures
brain surgery
eye surgery
plastic surgery
dentistry
general injury
prosthetics Brain Surgery
trepanation - a form of brain surgery
designed to relieve pressure and cure headaches
a hole was drilled into the skull
patients had a high survival rate ("Roman Surgery") Plastic surgery
for reconstructive purposes on wounded soldiers
cosmetic purposes for freed slaves and rich upper classmen
branding or scar removal
some women received otoplasty because their ear lobes had stretched from wearing heavy earrings ("Cosmetic Surgery") Dentistry
remarkably healthy teeth
the only cure for cavities was tooth extraction
tooth powders
mouthwash
crowns and artificial tooth replacements
ivory, bone and boxwood
("Dentistry and Dental Care") General Injury
splints and bandages stiffened with starch

Artifical prosthetics
wooden legs, iron hands and artificial feet
("Roman Surgery")
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