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Mobile Bay Battle

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gladys flores

on 13 December 2012

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Transcript of Mobile Bay Battle

Map of the Mobile Bay. What was the landscape of the battle field like? A natural harbor formed where the Mobile and Tensaw rivers meet before they enter the Gulf of Mexico. The bay is about 33 mi (53 km)long. The lower bay is about 23 mi (37 km) at its greatest width. It is deep enough to accommodate ocean-going vessels in the lower half without dredging above the mouth of Dog River the water becomes shoal, so deep-draft vessels could not approach the city. The mouth of the bay is marked on the east by a long narrow peninsula of sand.

How did this battle affect the outcome of the Civil War? Key commanders from both sides Born July 5, 1801, in Knoxville, TN, David Glasgow Farragut was the son of Jorge and Elizabeth Farragut. Jorge, a Minorcan immigrant during the American Revolution, was a merchant captain as well as a cavalry officer in the Tennessee militia. Naming his son James at birth, Jorge soon moved the family to New Orleans. While residing there, he aided the father of future Commodore David Porter. Following the elder Porter's death, the commodore offered to adopt young James and train him as a naval officer in gratitude for the services rendered to his father. In recognition of this, James changed his name to David. Tactics/strategies used from both sides. A combined Union force initiated operations to close Mobile Bay to blockade running. Some Union forces landed on Dauphin Island and laid siege to Fort Gaines. On August 5, Farragut’s Union fleet of eighteen ships entered Mobile Bay and received a devastating fire from Forts Gaines and Morgan and other points. After passing the forts, Farragut forced the Confederate naval forces, under Adm. Franklin Buchanan, to surrender, which effectively closed Mobile Bay. By August 23, Fort Morgan, the last big holdout, fell, shutting down the port. The city, however, remained uncaptured. Who won/who lost and why?
The Union Army won the Battle of Mobile Bay on August 23, 1864. The Confederates attacked some of the Unions ships with torpedoes. This loss did not stop the Union attack. Seeing what was happening, Admiral Farragut ordered his fleet to press forward through the underwater minefield into Mobile Bay. The 13 other ships made it past Fort Morgan, then, after some resistance, forced the Confederate ships in the bay to surrender or flee. Over the next three weeks, fire from Farragut's vessels and the Union Army finally forced the defenders of Fort Morgan to surrender. Though the city of Mobile would remain in Confederate hands into 1865, the port was now closed to blockade runners.
Daisy Barcenas
Gladys Flores
Julio Morales
Alex Ruelas Mobile Bay
Battle Casualties on both sides. 322 Union
1500 Confederate Other interesting facts. Where did Mobile Bay take place and when? Key Individuals Involved in the Battle of Mobile Bay:

Union: Admiral David G. Farragut and Major General Gordon Granger
Confederate: Admiral Franklin Buchanan and Brigadier General Richard L. Page It helped to boost Lincoln's credibility when his chances of winning the 1864 election were looking bleak.

Furthermore:

The roads of Mobile Bay could no more used by blockade runners,
The powerful Confederate ironclad Tennessee was put out of combat and captured,
The Confederate naval base was destroyed. Total Confederate casualties were only 32 (12 dead and 20 wounded), although 280 crewmen from the Selma and the Tennessee were captured. Union casualties were much higher, a total of 145 dead, 170 wounded and 4 captured (although all but 52 of the dead were killed when the Tecumseh sank. Franklin Buchanan was a native of Maryland, but was appointed to the Navy from Pennsylvania, entering on January 28, 1815. A well-respected officer, he helped establish the Naval Academy at Annapolis and was its first president until he resigned to be on active duty in the Mexican War.

In 1861, he was number 47 on the list of USN Captains, and was the Commandant of the Washington Navy Yard. but resigned his commission in the U.S. Navy in expectation that his native state of Maryland would secede. When this failed to materialize, he applied for reinstatement but was refused with concerns about his loyalty. In his early days with the Confederacy, some Southerners also questioned his loyalty because of his attempt to rejoin the US Navy. Confederate: Franklin Buchanan Union: Admiral David G. Farragut Mobile Bay took Place on August 4, 1864 in Mobile, Alabama. Mobile Bay ended on August 23, 1864. The battle was the last major naval engagement of the Civil War, and the Union victory there led to the closing of the Mobile port.
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