Transcript of Stephen Hawking
1942-Present Stephen Hawking Early Life Education Early Life Black Holes Fame Help With ALS Hawking was born on January 8, 1942, 300 years after Galileo's death Hawking attended Albans School until moving on to college Hawking was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) Hawking's first book, A Brief History of Time, in 1988 Hawking appeared on popular TV shows like the Simpsons, Star Trek: The Next Generation, The Big Bang Theory, and British Telecom (BT) Hawking wanted to help those with ALS because he knew firsthand how hard life could be living with the disability his parents, Isobel and Frank, were both graduates of Oxford University & Frank was a medical researcher who specialized in tropical diseases Family he was the oldest of four kids- Mary, Philippa, and then Edward (who was adopted in 1956) he married Jane Wilde in 1965 & together they had 3 children- Robert, Lucy, and Timothy they divorced in 1990, and shortly after, Hawking remarried to Elaine Manson Early Life went to Oxford University where he studied physics (compromise) he joined the rowing team and it changed his personality from awkward to outgoing after Oxford, he moved on to Cambridge, where he studied cosmology (the study of the origin of the universe) Hawking was never average, described as "exceptional" (Stephen Hawking pg. 1) ALS this is an incurable disease that causes all the muscles to waste away until death (about 2 years after diagnosis) however, it can be different for everyone (for example, Hawking was diagnosed in 1963 & is still alive today) his dad first realized something was wrong with him & sent him to the hospital to be tested at first he was severely depressed, but decided to stop feeling sorry for himself and start living his life to the fullest by getting his PhD Thesis Statement Works Cited thebrilliantfools.wordpress.com blamebush.typepad.com Despite having a disability that was supposed to kill him early on, Stephen Hawking has proved himself an inspiration in the scientific and cultural world. Hawking is a cosmologist, but his official title is the Director of Research at the Center for Theoretical Cosmology in 1974, Hawking came up with his first big theory which scientists later named Hawking Radiation (any type of matter in radiation form couldn't escape a black hole since the gravity was too strong" he had one very unpopular beliefs- the existence of singularities (a point where some property is infinite) & that the universe originated from one he didn't believe in time travel, so this belief discouraged others who did Hawking also denied the past and believed that there was no going back, only forwards Books/Publications then came The Universe in a Nutshell and On the Shoulders of Giants (Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Newton, & Einstein) which both discussed the universe and black holes his other two books, The Grand Design and Black Holes and Baby Universes (talks about himself/ family) each address the most controversial topics stirred up from his other books in 2007, Hawking, along with his daughter Lucy, wrote a children's fiction book called George's Secret Key to the Universe showed off his fun and goofy side during these appearances used it to help those with any kind of disability and helped raise awareness for them also made a movie off of his first bestseller, A Brief History of Time, which became a huge success and gained him a ton of publicity www.impawards.com he made many changes at Cambridge University, where he worked, by creating a ramp and lowering the height of the curbs he also influenced the city to get ramps placed around the polling places so they were easily accessible and people with a disability could vote during election time Awards Hawking was awarded several times just for his scientific works (for example: he was invited to become a fellow of the Royal Society in 1972 & six more all between 1975 and 1976) he was also rewarded for his work to help those with ALS with the title of Man of the Year for the Royal Association for Disability and Rehabilitation his many different novels and publications also got him recognition and on June 25,2002 he won the Aventis Book Prize for the Universe in a Nutshell Conclusion Stephen Hawking has changed the way scientists view the universe and black holes and made them re-examine everything that they thought they knew to those who are suffering with ALS, he is a symbol of hope basically, Hawking has inspired many, from scientists to the disabled, by forcing them to face the fact that even an incurable disease like his cannot stop him from pursuing his dreams and changing the world as we know it www.chronicle.su "About Stephen - Stephen Hawking."About Stephen- Full transcript
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