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The Medieval Period
Transcript of The Medieval Period
A Lord received a piece of land, usually from a higher nobleman, or from the king. When he received the land, he also received all that was on it. That means that most of the people that lived on the land also belonged to the nobleman. The people, called peasants, had to pay to the lord, or they had to work for him. This way, the nobleman could live and support his family from what he received from the peasants. He had also certain legal powers, like that of a police force. The peasants were subjects which had to pay tribute to the lord. In return they received "protection".
Fealty: The loyalty that a vassal swears to a lord
A knight was a professional heavy cavalry soldier in the Middle Ages. They were soldiers to the kingdom, and protected it. Knights were vassals to lords, who would give them land if the knight would fight for them (Fealty). Knights thought honor was very important, and they had a code of honor called chivalry.
The Crusades were battles fought between Christians and Muslims over control of the Holy Land (Israel and Palestine). The Holy Land is a place that is very important for the three major monotheistic religions: Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. There are many important religious sites in the Holy Land.