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Pol Pot

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Kiana Yu

on 4 February 2013

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Transcript of Pol Pot

The Death of Pol Pot Who was He? Pol Pot In 1995, Pol Pot suffered a stroke that left the left side of his body paralyzed.

In 1997, he had Son Sen and his family executed due to suspicions that he was negotiating with the Cambodian government.

Khmer Rouge leaders arrested Pol Pot for the murder of Son Sen and other Khmer Rouge members.

On April 15, 1998, after hearing news that the Khmer Rouge turned him over to an international law court, he died.

The cause of his death is not clear but rumors say that he either committed suicide or was murdered. The Dictator of
Cambodia Date and Place of Birth How He Came to Power Pol Pot was the leader of the communist party, the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia from 1963 - 1998.

1963 -1981 General Secretary of the Communist party of Kampuchea.

1976 -1979 Prime Minister of the Communist Party of Kampuchea.

Became leader of Cambodia on April 17th, 1975. The U.S. wanted to eliminate the Khmer Rouge as they began to pose as a threat to the Nol government of Cambodia.

The bombings that were meant to destroy the Khmer Rouge led to their rise of power.

Pol Pot's reign lasted from 1975-1979.

His reign was responsible for the Cambodian Genocide which killed about 2 million people. How Pol Pot Kept Power He declared the Year Zero after taking power.

Pot abolished religion and ethnic groups were forbidden to speak their own language.

He worked tirelessly to rid the country of the educated class and foreigners.

Cambodians were sent to the "Killing Fields" where many were worked to their death. Most victims died of starvation and disease. Paranoid about an invasion by Vietnam, Pol Pot carried out raids in Vietnam's territory.

His raids led to Vietnam invading Cambodia in 1978.

The Vietnamese ended the rule of the Khmer Rouge and the policies of Pol Pot.

Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge retreated to a remote area of Cambodia, close to the border of Thailand.

In 1985, Pot resigned as head of the party and had his longtime associate Son Sen take over. Pol Pot's Childhood His Good and Bad Deeds Pol Pot went to Paris to study radio electronics after WWII. However, he failed the course three times and went back to Cambodia after his third flunk. Tuol Sleng was the most infamous interrogation center. Prisoners were interrogated, photographed, and then tortured. This was a former high school and it is now a Genocide Museum in Phnom Penh. At the end of the Khmer Rouge's regime, only 45 out of 450 certified doctors before 1975 survived and 7000 out of 20,000 teachers survived. Interesting Facts This is the end of our presentation. Y O U T H After attending school in Phnom Penh, he gained admission to the exclusive Lycée Sisowath, but failed. After switching to a techinal school at Russey Keo, north of Phnom Penh, Pot recieved a scholarship for technical studies in Paris. The Cambodian government turned many of Pol Pot's prison centers into museums and historical tourism sites. Former members of the Khmer Rouge party and Pol Pot's cook and housekeeper were recruited to work as tour guides. Thank you for listening! Resources: https://sites.google.com/site/thesecretbombingofcambodia/rise-of-the-khmer-rouge-and-pol-pot
https://www.history1900s.about.com/od/people/a/Pol-Pot.htm The End of Pol Pot's Reign The Legacy of Pol Pot after many years after Pol Pot's regime, the Cambodian Genocide and other brutal events will never be forgotten

many people in Cambodia today suffer terribly from depression

some victims developed mental illnesses and require special medications

despite the fact that he is no longer alive, his regime greatly damaged Cambodia both physically and mentally he allowed 1.7 million people to be executed city dwellers were forced to work in collective farms and labor projects

all intellectuals were murdered by the Khmer Rouge

the combined effects of slave labour, poor medical care, and executions led to the deaths of 2 million people Because of his obsession with secrecy, no one except high-ranked party members knew what he looked like. This includes his own siblings who had no idea that their brother was the tyrannical man who brought chaos to their country. His eldest brother, Saloth Seng as well as his other family members were all victims of his wrath. Given Name: Saloth Sar

Date of Birth:
May 19, 1925 Place of Birth:
Prek Sbauv, Kampong Thom Saloth Sar was the eighth of nine children and the second of three sons to Pen Saloth and Sok Nem. Pot's father was a rice farmer and the family was fairly wealthy by today's standards.
In 1935, he left his hometown for a Catholic school in the capital, Phnom Penh. While in Paris, he and many other young Cambodians joined the French Communists (PCF) and a secret organization known as Cercle Marxiste. His poor academic record was seen as an advantage within the PCF, who saw uneducated peasants as the true proletariat. After failing his exams 3 times, he was forced to return to Cambodia.
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