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Sources, Influences, & Styles
Transcript of Sources, Influences, & Styles
Styles What is a source?
Why Does It Matter? Get to Know the Vocab master copy copying stealing incorporating morphing synthesizing forging copyright fan art fair use homage joint authorship parody plagiarism Influences: Artists whose work affects the visual quality of your own work (could be 2D, 3D, 4D, or artists outside visual art entirely) http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/turner/i/slave-ship.jpg JMW Turner
"The Slave Ship"
(1840, Oil on canvas) Sources: Non-art pieces of culture and/or personal history/experiences (past and future) that influence your art NOTE: This controversial distinction between non-art & art is made specifically for this course, therefore, we will say non-art is made by those who do not consider themselves to be artists and/or do not show their work at galleries/museums/biennials/theaters/etc.
This distinction is specifically for the purpose of organizing our presentations in this class, although it can lead to some very interested & heated debates! Style: a particular, distinctive, or characteristic mode of executing your artwork (think in terms of elements & principles of design - how thick are your textures?, do you rely on line?, color choices?, etc.) L to R: Haluk Akakce, Carole Benzaken, John Currin Synthesize: to combine elements into a single or unified entity Tammy To, Untitled, Charcoal and graphite - Copy/Synthesize exercise (copying Leonardo DaVinci and HR Giger) for Intermediate Drawing, 3 drawings approximately 8”x10” each, 2010 Heather Mahoney, Untitled, Ink and colored pencil - Copy/Synthesize/Morph exercise (copying Ryoko Akoi and Daniel Zeller) for Intermediate Drawing, 4 drawings approximately 8”x10” each, 2010 Morphing:
to transform COPY COPY SYNTH MORPH Master Copy: To copy a masterwork, traditionally by an old master such as DaVinci, Caravaggio, Titian, Bouguereau, Rubens, etc http://thomaskenneth.com/weblog/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/IMG_76611.jpg There are potential problems that can arise when we start to define style.
Issues of stealing and fair use can cause concern.
That’s why we will be exploring the following concepts ... COPY COPY SYNTH We have the tools to create strong compositions,
so now let's figure out ... why you make the compositions that you do? We start by looking at what has an effect your compositions: Other artists? Pop Culture? Nature? History? News / Current Events? Memories? Weather? Architecture? Science? Technology? Philosophy? Emotions? Spirituality? Subcultures? Fashion? For example: I might say that Henry Darger and Michelangelo influence my work, while dreams are a source for my drawings. Remember: Sources are SPECIFIC. They could be music, movies, books, cultural items (toys, games, handbags, music videos, dishware, clothing... basically anything around you in the past/present/future), specific places, specific events, etc. To duplicate another’s work without giving credit and without getting permission (is it still copying if you cite the work as a source or inspiration?) A copy or reproduction presented as genuine/original in order to defraud. (definition from artcalendar.com) (definition from artcalendar.com) Copyright gives
the creator of a
work the exclusive
right to reproduce
the work, create
of the work,
perform the work
publicly, and display the work publicly. These rights can be transferred (i.e. to a publisher) in writing. Copyright protects literary, dramatic, choreographic, pantomime, pictorial, graphic and sculptural works. There is no bright-line rule dictating how much or what kind of copyright material you can appropriate or sample before a “fair use” turns into a copyright violation. The courts apply a four-factor balancing test to determine whether a would-be infringer’s use of copyrighted material is permissible under the doctrine. The factors are: The Fair Use doctrine allows the limited use of copyrighted material for the purposes of criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. (www.copyright.gov/fls/fl102.html ) Refer to October 2009 Art Calendar, Is My Work an Infringement or Is My Taking Fair? (definition from artcalendar.com) 4. The effect of the use upon the potential market for, or value of, the copyrighted work
A finding of a legitimate fair use is always based on a fact-sensitive analysis, so unless the Fair Use doctrine obviously applies, a good rule of thumb is to always seek permission before using copyrighted material. 3. The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole 2. The nature of the copyrighted work 1. The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes (definition from artcalendar.com) Fan art is any type of unauthorized work that incorporates preexisting characters, ideas or stories from books, comics, movies or video games. Such works are typically created by unaffiliated amateur artists who are not seeking to be compensated for the works. When artists pay respect or acknowledge a renowned artist’s achievements and create a piece of art representing aspects of that artist, including some copying of the artist’s style within that piece of work. (definition from artcalendar.com) Joint authorship occurs when a work created by more than one author. The authors must have intended to create the work together – to combine their efforts to produce a single work. Unless there is a contract stating otherwise, each author owns copyright in the work and can transfer these rights to a third party without the consent of the other joint author(s) (ex: grant permission for a publisher to print and distribute copies of a jointly authored novel). Authors can be individuals, organizations, or corporations. (definition from artcalendar.com) A type of literary work or other art media in which the style of the original creator is closely imitated for comic effect using satire, spoof, distortion, burlesque, mockery and other forms of exaggerated imitation. Parody may or may not be considered a copyright violation under the Fair Use Doctrine. (definition from artcalendar.com) Let's break it down a little
to make this more
manageable... The passing off of another’s idea, or the expression of that idea, as one’s own. In general, plagiarism is not a crime; it is an ethical violation prosecuted by academic or other authorities, not the courts. If, however, the plagiarized martial was copyrighted and used without the permission of whoever holds the copyright, then the plagiarism may constitute a copyright violation, and could be actionable under copyright law. (definition from artcalendar.com) Works that are not protected by copyright are considered to be in the public domain. Anyone can use, copy, perform, etc. these works without the permission of the creator. Works that were protected by copyright enter the public domain 70 years after the author’s death. (definition from artcalendar.com) Stealing/
Forging Over the course of this semester, you should be
collecting your own sources and influences in
I will be checking throughout the semester to
make sure you're continuing this work.
At the end of the semester you will give a
presentation of your sources, influences,
Get to work!