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Salem Witch Trials
Transcript of Salem Witch Trials
Sir William Phips
Many of the accused hanged. Persecution was brutal. At least 5 or more of the accused died in prison.
"When I put an end to the Court there ware at least fifty persons in prison in great misery by reason of the extreme cold and their poverty, most of them having only specter evidence against them and their mittimusses being defective, I caused some of them to be lettout upon bayle and put the Judges upon consideration of a way to reliefe others and to prevent them from perishing in prision, upon which some of them were convinced and acknowledged that their former proceedings were too violent and not grounded upon a right foundation ... The stop put to the first method of proceedings hath dissipated the blak cloud that threatened this Province with destruccion;..."
— Governor William Phips, February 21st, 1693
-Bridget Bishop was the first to be executed during the trials.
-Because she lived without caring what the people thought, it made her an easy target.
-She played forbidden games and dressed scandalously (wearing big hats and pairing a red bodice with a black dress)
-John Hathorne earned the position as justice of the peace and county judge
-Hathorne believed witches were used by the devil to undermine the church.
-Him and Jonathan Corwin took witch accusations very seriously
-When he questioned the accused, he used a tone that implied they were guilty and was on the side with the accusers.
-He was the Governor of Massachusets during the Salem witch trials.
-He opened a special Court of Oyer and Terminer to hear the cases of the accused.
-He then ended the witch trials and let prisoners accused of witchcraft go.
Not all historians agree about the
series of accusations of witchcraft that
came to be known as The Salem
With Trials. However, most historians
feel that these accusations were unjust
and that these were times of people
letting superstition get the best of them
Events Leading to the Trials
The Outcomes of the Trials
November 19, 1689: Rev. Samuel Parris was ordained at Salem Village church, with Nicholas Noyes, minister at Salem Town church.
February 1690: The French in Canada sent a war that killed 60 at Schenectady, New York, and took at least 80 captive.
March 1690: Another war party killed 30 in New Hampshire and captured 44.
April 1690: Sir William Phips led an expedition against Port Royal. In another battle, the French took Fort Loyal in Falmouth, Maine, and killed most of the residents, burning the town. Some of those fleeing went to Salem.
June 1691: Ann Putnam Sr. joined the Salem Village church.
June 9, 1691: Indians attacked in several places in New York.
1691: William and Mary replaced the Massachusetts Bay Colony charter with a new one establishing the Province of Massachusetts Bay. They appointed Sir William Phips, who had come to England to gather help against Canada, as royal governor.
October 16, 1691: In England, a new charter for the Province of Massachusetts Bay was approved.
Also on October 16, 1691: At a Salem Village town meeting, members of one faction in a growing church conflict promised to stop paying the church's minister, Rev. Samuel Parris. Those supporting him generally wanted more separation from Salem Town; those opposing him generally wanted closer association with Salem Town; there were other issues that tended to polarize around the same lines. Parris began to preach about a Satanic conspiracy in town against him and the church.
Events leading to Salem Witch Trials
Ann Pudeator was married to Thomas Greenslit, whom she had five children with. After Thomas died, Ann marrued Jacob Pudeator and took his last name. She was a nurse, a midwife, and a woman of property. Her husband, Jacob, died in 1682. Ten years later Ann was hung due to charges of being a witch on September 22, 1692.
Ann Pudeator's alleged misdeeds included:
-Presenting the Devil's Book to a girl forcing her to sign it
-Bewitchment causing the deathbof her neighbor's wife
-Possession of witchcraft materials
-Torturing with pins
-Causing a man to fall out of a tree
-Killing Jacob and his ex-wife
-Transforming into a crow and flying into her own home
"I have just grounds and good reason to believe they were innocent persons. I can truly and uprightly say, before God and man, I did it not out of any anger, malice, or ill will to any person, for I had no such thing against one of them; but what I did was ignorantly, being deluded by Satan." -Ann Putnam
In 1706, Ann Purnam was the leader of the afflicted children who called out the names of supposed witches. She was 24 when she made this confession. She died 13 years later, never having married.