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Transcript of Grey Wolf
Canis lupus Family:
Canidae Gray Wolf (Timber Wolf) Order:
Head to Body Length: 40-63 in. (102-160 cm)
Tail Length: 14-22in (35-56 cm)
Weight: 45-176 lb (20-80kg) Canine teeth for ripping and tearing Mostly found in the Northern Hemisphere. Range from Alaska,Canada, parts of Montana; isolated locations in Wyoming, Idaho, Minnesota; regions in Europe and Asia Gestation Period: 60-63 Days Only the alpha male and female in a pack reproduce Raising the pups and feeding them is shared among all pack members Young are fully mature at 22 months 1-11 pups (on average 6) Weaned at 5 weeks Live for up to 16 years in captivity
rarely more than 13 in the wild Wolves may leave parents at 12 months if habit is plentiful, usually move on by 22 months of age Habitat: Deep forests, mountains, tundra, taiga Voice: growls, barks, whines, howls Communication Howling along with scents and scratches are used to mark territory Howling In open country wolves howls can be heard from up to 10 miles away By 1940 there were no wild wolves left in the western U.S. Wolves disappeared from Britain in the 18th century and in the following 200 years they disappeared from Japan and much of western Europe Wolves were shot and trapped, new control methods include poisoning and sport hunting from aircrafts The Soviet Union reduced the wolf population in their region by about 70% Due to conservation projects 7 European wolf populations have been saved from extinction Uneasy truces enforced by laws exist where man and wolf live side by side Many country people are not happy to share their land with wolves. They want them shot or trapped. People have made it difficult to reintroduce wolves into the wild Wolf populations are becoming more stable after years of persecution. Wolves have been on and off the Endangered Species list Subjects of myth and legend Little Red Riding Hood
The Three Little Pigs Legend of Romulus and Remus The Jungle Book Cold blooded killers Wise and devoted parents The size of wolf packs are controlled by the population of their most regular prey Wolves normally hunt the old, weak, young, or disabled prey Only about 8% of wolf hunts end in kills A large wolf needs to eat an average of 5.5 pounds of meat everyday But they often go for 7 days without food A large prey can keep a pack well fed for about 7 days Wolves can and do attack livestock such as cattle and sheep. Domestication makes them easier to hunt Wolf attacks on humans are rare, there are no fully documented cases of unprovoked attacks on people by healthy wolves The dominant male initiates the hunt Animals hunted depend on the size of the wolf pack. Lone wolfs hunt small prey Appearance: Fur usually gray with brownish gray patches Some wolves are entirely black or white Fur on the back and on tail tend to be darker Underparts and legs are yellowish to white Outer hairs are course and bristly Underfur is dense so gray wolves can sleep on the snow in temperatures below freezing Usually feed on deer, elk, caribou, bison, moose, and musk ox Wolves live in packs that consist of 5-8 members, however wolf packs can be as large as up to 30 members Wolves are both nocturnal and diurnal Foot print for a gray wolf Wolves are carnivores Longer legs and bigger paws than other related species Paws and Limbs Fur on paws for warmth Pads on paws for cushioning Snout/Facial Features Broad snout Red Wolves Dogs Coyote Works Cited Rue, Leonard L. Furbearing animals of North America. New York. Crown Publishers. 1981. print. Morris, Pat. Beer, Amy-Jane. World of animals. Mammals. 1-10. Danbury, CT. Groiler. 2003. Print. Fritts, Steven H. "Wolf." Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Grolier Online, 2013. Web. 9 Mar. 2013. Dierks, Carrie. "Wolf." Reviewed by James G. Doherty. The New Book of Knowledge. Grolier Online, 2013. Web. 9 Mar. 2013. Feeding and Hunting Behaviors: Related Species: Pictures Licensed for commercial use
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