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Chapter 4.3: Disconfirmation & Confirmation
Transcript of Chapter 4.3: Disconfirmation & Confirmation
an extreme form of
Disconfirmation Rejection: when you disagree with a person, unwilling to accept something the other person says or does. Confirmation: acknowledge the presence of someone and accept them. Racist Speech: Racist speech is speech that puts down minimizes a person or group because of there race IndividUAL rACISM Takes the form of negative attitudes and beliefs held about specific races Institutional racism Takes form as like actions done to others and is done more in groups the individually Ways to avoid racist speech -Avoid using derogatory items for members of particular race
-Avoid basing your interactions with members of other races on stereotypes perpetuated by the media
-Avoid mentioning race when its irrelevant Hetero sexist speech: Heterosexual speech includes derogatory terms used for lesbians and gay men Individual Hetero sexism Refers to attitudes, behavior, and language that disparage gay men and lesbians and includes the beliefs that all sexual behavior that is not heterosexual is unnatural. Institutional heterosexism Again is more with groups coming together to protest something they don't like about a certain group. Ageist
Speech Ageism refers to
people of other age
groups. some people think that teenagers are selfish and undependable. This too is ageism against the young. some cultures see
their elders as the wise and respected ones "little old lady"
"your ungrateful kid"
these are all spoken words of ageism non-verbal communication occurs
when the younger people avoid
touching the elderly or not giving eye contact when speaking to them, in a group of the same age subtle contact is made cultural Identifiers Don't exclude! Excluding is where you use terms of your own culture group as universal, as applying to everyone. examples of: Exclusive Terms Inclusive Terms church
marriage counseling place of worship
couples therapy Race and Nationality What we say What we should say black
beaner African American
person of Jewish religion
Native American woman
hispanic Saying: "People of Color" ------------> nonwhite It Implies: Whiteness = Normal Nonwhiteness = Deviation from Normal *Saying nonchristian is implying that people with other beliefs deviate from the norm. affectional orientation Gay is used to refer a man who has an affectional preference for men.
Lesbian is used to refer a woman who has an affectional preference for women.
Homosexual refers to both gays and lesbians *Used as nouns, may be offensive
"We have two gays on the team" Instead of sexual and affectional orientation
sexual preference and sexual status Age and Sex People 65 and up ----------> elder, elderly, senior, or senior citizen Girl ----->refers to female under 13 or 14
Boy ----->refers to male under 13 or 14 *People 14+ ---> refer as man and woman The word "lady" = no no! Connotes stereotype of prim and proper woman.
------> Use "woman" or "young woman" instead. the end Thank you for your time! Ways to avoid heterosexist speech -Avoid offensive nonverbal mannerism that stereotypes when talking about gay men and lesbians
-Avoid ascriptions that someones gay
-Avoid denying individual differences
Remember that relationship milestones are important to everyone Sexist Speech Sexist speech happens in both individual and institutional aspects of life. Individual Sexism is
about men and women based on gender roles Institutional Sexism
based on their role in
the workforce. this ad shows
sell by using sexism