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Presidents That Made America; Abraham Lincoln
Transcript of Presidents That Made America; Abraham Lincoln
Presidents That Made America; Abraham Lincoln
Biography & Early Years
Name: Abraham Lincoln, nickname Honest Abe
Born: February 12th, 1809 in Kentucky (moved to Indiana when he was 8)
Died: April 15th, 1865 in Washington D.C.
Family Life: Parents were Thomas Lincoln & Nancy Hanks Lincoln, Nancy died when he was only 9, and a sister Sarah
Education: "There were some schools, so called; but no qualification was ever required of a teacher beyond 'readin, writin and cipherin'...i could read, write and cipher...but that was all...the little advance i now have upon this store of education, i have picked up from time to time under the pressure of necessity" Abraham had a very basic level of education, and loved to read
Personal life: Taught himself law and passed the Bar exam in 1837, married Mary Todd on November 4th, 1842 and they had one son, Robert
Occupation before presidency: Abraham was a civil rights activist, lawyer and a U.S Representative for the Republican party
Abraham Lincoln was an esteemed wrestler in his youth, and he is enshrined in the wrestling hall of fame
Lincolns Presidency; Slavery&Civil War
Slavery&Civil War; Continued
Emancipation Proclamation&The Thirteenth Amendment
Abraham signed the document which officially created the United States Secret Service hours before he was assassinated
Abraham Lincolns assassin's brother saved his son from death by a train
Abraham personally test fired rifles outside the White House
Lincoln won the Republican nomination for President in 1860 and was inaugurated on March 4th, 1861
His term in office was 1861 to 1865, he won his 2nd election and was re-elected in 1864
Abraham's vice presidents were Hannibal Hamlin (during his 1st term)
and Andrew Johnston (2nd term)
Lincoln was the representative for the Republican party
Slavery was the big issue when Abraham was elected into office, and eventually lead to his death,
the North Union was strongly against it, the South Confederacy strongly for it
The big debate between the North Union and South Confederacy on slavery was very simple; the Union was strongly against slavery, the Confederacy strongly pro slavery
In 1854, Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise, and allowed individual states and territories to decide for themselves whether to allow slavery.
In 1857, the Supreme Court issued its controversial decision Scott v. Sanford, declaring African Americans were not citizens and had no inherent rights.
Though Abraham Lincoln felt African Americans were not completely equal to whites, he believed the America's founders intended that all men were created with certain inalienable rights, whether black or white
In his nomination acceptance speech, Abraham criticized Douglas, the Supreme Court, and President Buchanan for promoting slavery and declared
"a house divided cannot stand."
Abraham Lincoln responded to the crisis wielding powers as no other president before him.
He distributed $2 million from the Treasury for war material without an appropriation from Congress; he called for 75,000 volunteers into military service without a declaration of war; and he suspended the writ of habeas corpus, arresting and imprisoning suspected Confederate sympathizers without a warrant.
The Union Army's first year and a half of battlefield defeats made it especially difficult to keep morale up and support strong for a reunification the nation.
Abraham felt confident enough to reshape the cause of the war from "union" to abolishing slavery. He issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, which stated that all individuals who were held as slaves "henceforward shall be free."
On April 9, 1865, General Robert E. Lee, commander of the Army of Virginia, surrendered his forces to Union General Ulysses S. Grant and the war for all intents and purposes was over.
The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by Congress on January 31st and ratified by the states on December 6th, 1865, outlawed slavery in the United States.
Democrats in Congress had argued that the Amendment was unconstitutional, because the House of Representatives had a Democratic majority, Lincoln knew it would be difficult to obtain enough votes to pass the Amendment
Lincoln was the person most responsible for influencing enough House Democrats to change their votes
Whats the difference?
The Emancipation Proclamation was an declaration made by President Lincoln pronouncing that as of Jan. 1, 1863 all persons held as slaves in areas in rebellion against the United States would henceforth be free. Note that this did not free slaves that were held in States that were NOT in rebellion.
The Thirteenth Amendment officially abolished Slavery in all of the United States
The Voice Of The People
Winning Over The Opposition
Lincoln held the country together and managed to preserve the Union
As a war leader, Lincoln exercised the most effective and inspiring presidential leadership in our history. His strength, vision and consummate political skill steered a bitterly divided country successfully through the bloodiest war in its history
He had the courage to replace one general after another until he found the men he wanted
He refused to abandon the Republican platform or to retreat from his own stubborn opposition to the extension of slavery.
The Civil War, and its failure was due mostly to Lincoln's stubborn inflexibility.
His refusal to retreat was motivated by personal pride and concern for the survival of his party, and this refusal led to a war that cost 600,000 American lives.
Abraham Lincoln should be considered as one of the most influential presidents of all time because he revolutionized major change across the whole country; forever banning slavery.
This opened up freedom and the chance for equality to all African Americans, and later on in history the chance for others to strive for equality, making America the place it is today "America, land of the free."
Abraham Lincoln's election was a big deal to the country because of where he stood on issues, mainly slavery. Pretty much half of the country agreed with him and the Union and wanted to abolish slavery, but the other half of the country wanted to keep slavery, and the Confederates made it clear that they weren't backing down anytime soon,and that if he was somehow elected, they would separate in a heartbeat... not to mention fight for what they believed,but the Union would fight as well.
Abraham Lincoln is one of the most influential presidents in the history of the United States for many reasons, a few include;
the events and outcomes of his presidency affected millions of people
the effects of his decisions and the events were long lasting
people realized that Lincoln's presidency and decisions on issues were important as soon as it happened
Lincoln was assassinated on April 14, 1865, by well-known actor and Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C.
Lincoln was taken from the theater to a Petersen House across the street and laid in a coma for nine hours before dying the next morning.
His body lay in state at the Capitol before a funeral train took him back to his final resting place in Springfield, Illinois.
Crushing the rebellion would be difficult under any circumstances, but the Civil War, with its preceding decades of white-hot politic debate, was going to be especially difficult.
From all directions, Lincoln faced defiance. He was often at odds with his generals, his Cabinet, his party and a majority of the American people.
"Abraham Lincoln Biography." Bio.com. Accessed December 09, 2013. http://www.biography.com/people/abraham-lincoln-9382540.
"Abraham Lincoln." The White House. Accessed January 03, 2014. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/abrahamlincoln.
Freidel, Frank. Our Country's Presidents. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society, 1996.
Klein, Christopher. "10 Things You May Not Know About Abraham Lincoln." History.com. November 16, 2012. Accessed January 06, 2014. http://www.history.com/news/10-things-you-may-not-know-about-abraham-lincoln.