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International Institutions Presentation
Transcript of International Institutions Presentation
UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, is an innovative partnership that leads and inspires the world in achieving universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. I. Mission
The Global Partnership for Education empowers developing countries to lead the development and implementation of their own education strategies and policies. II. History
2000 - MDGs established/World Forum for Education For All
2002 - Fast Track Initiative
2007 - World Bank begins applying full IDA Project Procedures to FTI Recipients
2009 - 8% of 2007 allocated funds disbursed (Typical rates of 30-40%)
2011 - Fast Track Initiative becomes Global Partnership for Education III. Modern Structure
19 seats on the Constituency Based Board
6 Donor Country Blocs
6 Recipient Country Blocs
3 Civil Society Constituencies
3 Multilateral Agency/Regional Bank
1 Private Sector IV. Decision-Making Process
Voting - majority rules, but requires representatives from each constituency
Two layers of governance (LEG and the Partnership)
Local Education Group
Global Partnership for Education Fund
Education Plan Development Grant
Program Development Grant
Program Implementation Grant
Money Comes from Donor Countries/Private Sector V. Effectiveness
Benin: 2000-2006 -> Primary Completion Rate Increase from 35% to 66%
Niger: 2000 – 2007 --> Primary School Gross Enrollment increased from 579,000 to over 1.235 million
Rwanda: 2009 --> almost 3,200 classrooms; 2010 --> another 3,000 VI. Areas of Growth
World Bank Powerplay and the "Alternative Supervising Authority Option"
Increasing Mission Aligned Allocation Disbursements
Demonstrating Successes After IDA Requirements 1. eradicating extreme poverty and hunger 2. achieving universal primary education 3. promoting gender equality and empowering women 4. reducing child mortality rates 5. improving maternal health 6. combating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases 7. ensuring environmental sustainability 8. developing a global partnership for development Why does it exist? Zero new HIV infections. Zero discrimination. Zero AIDS-related deaths. Build political action
Promote the rights of all people
Better results for global health and development
Sets global policy
Source of information on HIV/AIDS History
The IDA is a part of the World Bank that supports a range of development activities, such as Primary education, basic health services, clean water and sanitation. These projects pave the way toward equality, economic growth, job creation, higher incomes, and better living conditions. The part of the World Bank that helps the world's poorest.
III. Modern Structure/Function
3 main bodies
World Health Assembly
6 regional committees focus on health matters of a regional nature.
1 Member = 1 vote
Important questions are made by 2/3 majority of the Members present
Assessed contributions from Member States
Voluntary contributions from Member States, UN and intergovernmental organizations Mission I. Mission
a. Attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples
b. The WHO agenda:
1. Promoting development
2. Fostering health security
3. Strengthening health systems
4. Harnessing research, information and evidence
5. Enhancing partnerships, and
6. Improving performance
The IDA’s goal is to reduce poverty by providing loans (called “credits”) and grants for programs that boost economic growth, reduce inequalities, and improve people’s living conditions.
WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
Played a leading role in the eradication of smallpox (1980)
b. Current priorities:
Traffic accidents and infectious diseases
Fighting HIV/AIDS in collaboration with UNAIDS
- These priority areas are interrelated and WHO/UNAIDS are working with global partners, technical experts and other UN co-sponsors to implement this initiative What is the IDA?
a. The League of Nations b.When diplomats met to form the United Nations in 1945, one of the things they discussed was setting up a global health organization The Structure of the IDA It strengthened efforts to establish a multilateral system of world trade and payments.
It made poverty a major formal concern of the worlds richest nation (IDA Retrospect)•
It institutionalized concessional finance to promote economic development. Special Programme on AIDS Control Programme on AIDS Global Programme on AIDS Getting off the ground The IDA is one of the largest sources of assistance for the world’s 81 poorest countries, 39 of which are in Africa. It is the single largest source of donor funds for basic social services in these countries. Brief timeline of the IDA September 24th
Launch of IDA 2007:
Record donor Pledges for IDA 15. 2 4 5 Honduras receives first IDA grant 2005:
Largest expansion of the IDA in two decades 2006:
Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI) launched Why the IDA Exist 2010-Present:
Focus on 4 frontier issues gender, climate change, fragile and conflict-affected countries, and crisis response to achieve the Millennium Development Goals by 2015 History of the IDA • It strengthened efforts to establish a multilateral system of world trade and payments
• It made poverty a major formal concern of the worlds richest nation.
• It institutionalized concessional finance to promote economic development. The impact from the creation of the IDA in history:
IDA is overseen by its 172 shareholder countries, which comprise the Board of Governors.
The day-to-day development work of IDA is managed by Bank operational staff, governments, and implementing agencies.
IDA is funded largely by contributions from the governments of its member countries. Additional funds come from IBRD and the International Finance Corporation, IFC ($3 billion in IDA16), and from borrowers’ repayments of earlier IDA credits ($14.6 billion in IDA16). ECOSOC Task Force Programme Coordinating Board Cosponsorship WHO The World Bank Organizational Resources Private Sector How does it work? IDA charges little or no interest and repayments are stretched over 25 to 40 years, including a 5- to 10-year grace period.
IDA provides grants to countries at risk of debt distress. In addition to concessional loans and grants.
IDA provides significant levels of debt relief through the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative and the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI).
In order to receive funding from the IDA, countries are assessed on their GNI per capita, creditworthiness to borrow on market terms, and their implementation of policies to boost economic growth. Accomplishments Challenges Structure 27 countries have “graduated” from the IDA program and no more receive assistance from the IDA. Some of these countries are Tunisia, Turkey, and Indonesia.
The spread of green technologies
Transparency of the IDA The IDA granting funding process gives more on per capita basis to smaller countries than larger ones.
Many successful projects cannot be repeated in other countries .
Factors like weather, political disruptions, and corrupt governments may harbor the success and completion of projects, as well as the efficient use of funds.
Limited Funding Mac Woods
Rachael Johnson Other actors
Truman's proposed that an entity needed to be created to help developing countries to fund their projects and to boost their economies.
He proposed that this organization, the IDA, will work under the World Bank to receive and make grants. IDA Accomplishments Challenges