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The Roman Empire
Transcript of The Roman Empire
Before Caesar, two consuls that were elected by citizens ruled.
centralized, imperial form of government by Caesar
excluded elite classes who considered him a tyrant, organized his assassination
Julius Caesar favored liberal politics
Spent enormous amounts of money
confiscated property from conservatives and centralized military/political affairs, brought under is control
Marcus Tullius Cicero was a philosopher who talked about Roman government and nature & reason
Thought rule of one person could easily lead to tyranny (threat to Caesar)
Stoicism, Greek influence
School of Hellenistic philosophy, emerged in period of Western philosophy
Greek philosophy influence
Importance of Latin
63 BCE, Caesar was elected as "Pontifex Maximus", chief priest of Rome
Pontifex Maximus: head of roman state religion
Roman Empire had polytheistic beliefs
Influenced by Greek beliefs
Christianity was seen as a dangerous cult
Greece greatly influenced Roman architecture
Example: columns, temples/basilicas, theaters, and their use of marble
Statues of stone and bronze
Agricultural production was the economic foundation of the Roman Empire
the beginning of exporting crops
Trade and integration influenced and changed economics in Rome
taxes, tributes, wealth provided by military expansion
Construction projects provided employment
Results: Population growth
Migrants usually established successful businesses when in Rome
"father of the family"
Male authority within families
Women dealt with domestic (household) affairs
could not receive inheritance, but by 1st century B.C.E, women supervised financial affairs regarding family businesses and estates
Increase in wealth led to new classes
merchants, landowners, construction contractors, slaves
slaves made up 1/3 of Rome's population
1. Bentley, Jerry H., and Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditions & Encounters: A Global Perspective on the past. New York: McGraw Hill, 2000. Print.
2. "Julius Caesar (100BC - 44BC)." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 01 Jan. 2014.
3. Ferrill, Arther. "Julius Caesar." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 1996. Web. 01 Jan. 2014.
4. Martin, Phillip. "Cicero - Ancient Rome for Kids." Cicero - Ancient Rome for Kids. Mrdonn, n.d. Web. 02 Jan. 2014.
5. Gibbon, Edward. The history of the decline and fall of the Roman Empire By Edward Gibbon, Esq; Volume the first.. 1776. Reprint. London: Printed for W. Strahan; and T Cadell, 2004. Print. (printed source)
6. "Art of the Roman Empire." www.all-art.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Jan. 2014.
7. "Religion." Religion. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Jan. 2014.
By: Susmeetha Sanugula and Cara Sefton
Aqueducts brought fresh water into the city
abundant supply of fresh water
Had underground sewers that carried away waste
efficient plumbing systems
Colosseum had a precise technology and construction
was able to flood
held sports and battles