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Passive Voice

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by

Olga Pileckiene

on 14 March 2015

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Transcript of Passive Voice

The Passive Voice -
neveikiamoji rūšis
an agent -
veiksnys;
veikiančioji jėga,
faktorius,
sukėlėjas

The formula

- formulė
be
+
a verb

(
-ed
)
be
+
3 f. (irregular verb)
1.The Present Simple (passive)

am
are
+ a verb (
-ed
)
is

2. The Past Simple (passive)

was
+ a verb (
-ed
)
were
I
am
expect
ed
to design the cover of the book.

You
are

expect
ed
to finish the project in time.
I
was
expect
ed
to design the cover of the book.
You
were
expect
ed
to finish the project in time.
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/complex_tests/passive1/index.php
PRACTICE
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive/exercises?simple-present
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive/exercises?simple-past
www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTQb42w7oig&spfreload=10
8'09
Ex.1
Complete the sentences with passive forms (present and past simple) of the verbs in brackets.

1
The Olympics
are watched
by billions of people today, (watch)
2 The visitors ... by friendly waiters (serve)
3 The wage ... every week (pay)
4 The project ... two years ago. (start)
5 In our town, most things ... in supermarkets, (buy)
6 ... English ... in your schools? (learn)
7 The ring ... of gold (make)
8 Computer games ... all over the world nowadays. (play)
9 ... the land of the area ... with water? (cover)
10.The phone ... by Alexander Graham Bell (invent)
I 1) was asked to tell you
about my job, so I'll begin.
I 2) ......................... up by my wife at 5 o'clock and I go to work at 5.30.
We go round and take rubbish from
people's bins. In my area,
4,000 rubbish bins a day 3) ..................... .
Often I 4)..................... by what people don't need! Yesterday a new coffee table 5)....................... next to a bin! That 6)....................... very quickly, I can tell you! It 7)....................... for 60 euros the same day. The job can be dangerous. Once a big
bin 8)....................... on the van. It fell off and my friend's arm 9)....................... . He
didn't work for a month but he
10)....................... some money to help her.
ask, break, empty, give, leave,
put, sell, shock, take, wake
Ex.4
Peter is talking about his job as a
dustman. Complete the text with
passive forms of the verbs in the box.
4
a) Somebody called the police.
b) The police ...

5
a) Was it written by him?
b) ... it?

6
a) This computer does not accept my password.
b) My password ...
1
a) Mary
took
Cindy to the cinema.
b) Cindy
was taken
to the cinema.

2
a) The mouse ate the cheese.
b) The cheese ... the mouse.

3
a) The art gallery was opened by the Queen.
b) ... the art gallery.

Ex.2
Complete each sentence.The meaning of the sentence has to be the same as in the given sentence.
Ex.5
What is done in these places? Write
at least two sentences for each place using the passive
and the words in brackets.

Example:
1 Your neighbourhood, (people, rubbish, streets)
Rubbish is collected. Streets are cleaned.

2 A supermarket, (customers, food, money)
3 A school, (children, friends, lessons).
4 A cinema, (films, popcorn, tickets)
5 An office, (computers, emails, work)
6 A hotel, (beds, food, rooms)
7 A train station, (coffee, tickets, trains)
8 The Internet, (information, websites, emails)
3 A lot of this rubbish ... fish or birds.
a eat
b is eaten by
c is ate by
4 Seal hunting ... in eight countries:
a is currently practice
b is currently practiced
c are currently practiced
5 How often ... ?
a is the beach cleaned
b is cleaned the beach
c the beach is cleaned
Ex.5
Possible answers

2 Food is bought. Money is paid.
3 Children are taught. Friends are made.
4 Films are watched. Popcorn is eaten.
5 Computers are used. Emails are sent.
6 Rooms are cleaned. Food is prepared.
7 Tickets are sold. Trains are caught.
8 Information is found. Websites are used.
Ex.4
2 am ('m) woken
3 are emptied
4 am ('m) shocked
5 was left
6 was taken
7 was sold
8 was put
9 was broken
10 was given
Ex.2
2 was eaten by
3 The Queen opened
4 were called
5 Did he write
6 is not (isn't) accepted
Ex.1
2 are served
3 is paid
4 was started
5 is bought
6 Is ... learned / learnt
7 is made
8 are played
9 Is ... covered
10 was invented
by + agent

to say who or what carries out the action

instruments
with
+
material
ingriedients
The omelette was made

by Alex.
It was made

with
eggs, butter and cheese.
Miss the agent with following words:

people, someone, they, he, etc.
Someone

stole my jacket last night.

My jacket was stolen last night.
When the Passive Voice is changed into Active object pronouns change into subject pronouns:
me -
I
you-
you
him -
he
her -
she
it -
it
us -
we
you -
you
them -
they
www.youtube.com/watch?v=dzeI93MszMk
2'14
www.youtube.com/watch?v=ycxcgYUtGvE
4'37
www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z_THDENbMCc
4'46
11'37
www.youtube.com/watch?v=C6pHfjH0Efg
Ex.3
1.c is emptied
2. a by
3.

b is eaten by
4. b is currently practiced
5. a is the beach cleaned
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/active_passive/active_or_passive.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/active_passive/active_or_passive1.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/active_passive/form_sentences_simple_present.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/active_passive/form_sentences_simple_past.htm
These books were written by
him.
He
wrote these books.
Ex.3
Circle the correct option.

1 The bin ... every Monday.
a is empty
b is emptying
c is emptied
2 The workers are paid ... hotels to pick up the rubbish.
a by
b through
c from
Practice on the Internet
Change Active Voice into Passive
1. Mashed potato was eaten by Steve.
2. The curtains were changed by my sister.
3. The novel was read by him per a week.
4.The house is cleaned by me every Saturday.
5. The rules are introduced to students by the teacher every year.
6.The CV for a new job was faxed by her.
7.The students’ homework is always checked by the teacher.
8. Every day the hotel is hoovered and tidied by the cleaning workers.
9. Money was generously donated to an animal rescue shelter by our students.
10.All the bookings are made by the travel agent's.
11.The pictures were posted on Facebook by my brother.
12.The Taj Mahal is visited by thousands of tourists every year.
13.Instructions are given in the video tutorial.
5. The rules are introduced to students by the teacher every year.
The teacher introduces the rules to students every year.
6.The CV for a new job was faxed by her.
She faxed the CV for a new job.
7.The students’ homework is always checked by the teacher.
The teacher always checks the students' homework.


11.The pictures were posted on Facebook by my brother.
My brother posted pictures on Facebook.
12.The Taj Mahal is visited by thousands of tourists every year.
Thousands of tourists visit the Taj Mahal every year.
13.Instructions how to make a prezi are given in the video tutorial.
The video tutorial gives instructions how to make a prezi.
1. Mashed potato was eaten by Steve.
Steve ate mashed potato.
2. The curtains were changed by my sister.
My sister changed the curtains.
3. The novel was read by him per a week.
He read a novel per a week.
4. The house is cleaned by me every Saturday.
I clean the house every Saturday.
8. Every day the hotel is hoovered and tidied by the cleaning workers.
The cleaning workers hoover and tidy the hotel every day.
9. Money was generously donated to an animal rescue shelter by our students.
Our students donated money to an animal rescue shelter.
10.All the bookings are made by the travel agent's.
The travel agent's make all the bookings.
The agent
is the person or thing that performs the action and is
the subject of the active sentence.
In most passive sentences, the agent is not mentioned.
If it is mentioned, however, it is usually preceded by the preposition
by
:
The pigeons were dispersed
by a tourist
walking past. (A tourist walking past dispersed the pigeons.)
He was hit
by a falling branch
while walking in the woods. (A falling branch hit him while he was walking in the woods.)
http://www.grammaring.com/the-agent-with-the-passive-voice
The instrument
is an object that
is not the doer
of the action but something that
the doer uses
in performing the action.
If it is mentioned
in the passive sentence, it is preceded by the preposition
with
:
The crowds were dispersed
with tear gas.
(The police dispersed the crowds with tear gas.)
He was hit
with a branch
while walking in the woods. (Someone hit him with a branch while he was walking in the woods.)

http://www.grammaring.com/the-agent-with-the-passive-voice

The preposition
in
is often used with cover:

When I looked out the window in the morning, I saw that the streets
were covered in
snow.
http://www.grammaring.com/the-agent-with-the-passive-voice
cover +
in

The walls
were covered in
unique handpainted images.
With
is also often used with the verbs
fill, crowd, cram
and
pack:

The bottle
was filled with
whiskey.
The hall
was crowded with
people standing and lying on the floor.
Our room
is crammed with
furniture.
Full transcript