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The Great Gatsby

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Elise Karlowicz

on 29 February 2012

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Transcript of The Great Gatsby

The Great Gatsby
by F. Scott Fitzgerald
Nick Carraway
Daisy Buchanan
Tom Buchanan
Myrtle Wilson
George Wilson
Jordan Baker
Jay Gatsby
Full name is Francis Scott Key
Named after his ancestor who
wrote “The Star-Spangled Banner”
Born September 24, 1896, and
raised in St. Paul, Minnesota
Entered Princeton University in
1913, but did not graduate

Enlisted in the army in 1917, at
the end of WWI
While stationed in Alabama,
he fell in love with a young,
wealthy southerner, Zelda Sayre,
who refused to marry him until
he could afford to support her.
After the war, he took a
low-paying job in New York City, writing advertising copy in hopes
to make enough money to marry

He published
This Side of Paradise in 1920,
and became a literary
sensation, earning enough
money to win Zelda’s hand.
The young couple fell into a
wild, reckless lifestyle of
parties and decadence.
Fitzgerald continued to write
to support the couple’s lavish
After a breakdown in 1930,
Zelda was diagnosed as
schizophrenic and spent
the rest of her life in and out
of hospitals.
Fitzgerald continued to write
to support his wife and their
daughter, but his battle with
alcoholism hampered his works.
He was the most famous
chronicler of the Jazz Age.
He died of a heart attack in 1940,
at the age of 44.
Written in 1925

Considered the finest of his work

Social commentary on the Jazz Age

His personal experiences and feelings
many layers and meaning

Parallels Fitzgerald’s early life

Dedicated to his wife Zelda
East and West Egg, New York;1920s.
The fictional“eggs”are two unusual
formations of land on Long Island, which extends due east of New York City.
The two egg-shaped formations are
separated by a bay.
After a dull transition from a
wartime to a peacetime
economy, the U.S. economy
Returning soldiers re-entered
the labor force and factories
began producing more
consumer goods.
The U.S. increased its role as
the richest country on earth,
aligned its industry with mass
production, and encouraged a
culture of consumerism.
Post War Economy
Setting: The Roaring 20's
New Technology
Ford's Model T
Mass production allowed
cheaper prices of technology
The automobile, movie, radio,
and chemical industries
boomed during the 1920s.
The most popular of these was
the automobile industry. The
most popular car was Henry
Ford’s Model T.
Radio became the medium of
the masses. The first radio
station was KDKA in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania (1922).
1920's Radio
In 1920, the manufacture,
sale, import, and export of
alcohol was prohibited by
the 18th Amendment to
alleviate social problems.
Instead, it led to more.
America’s desire for alcohol
continued, which led to the
rise of organized crime and
the illegal smuggling of
- Mass transit systems, the first skyscrapers, and
growing industry contributed to urbanization.
For the first time, more Americans lived in cities
than rural areas.
Duke Ellington
The "Jazz Age"
The radio spread the popularity
of jazz. Jazz became associated
with all things modern,
sophisticated, and decadent.
Duke Ellington was a popular
jazz singer.
Dance contests were sponsored
by ballrooms all over the
country, where dancers invented, tried, and competed with
new moves.
The most popular dances
were the fox-trot, waltz, the
Charleston, and tango.
Harlem played a key role in
the development of dance
styles. People from all races
and social classes came
together at local jazz clubs.
The Charleston
Ernest Hemingway
The Lost Generation
As the average American in the 1920s became more enamored with wealth and everyday luxuries, some people began satirizing the hypocrisy and greed they observed.
Lost Generation - term used to label young people who came out of WWI disillusioned and cynical about the world, including: F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, and Gertrude Stein.
Flappers, 1920's
Women's Sufferage
More responsibility gave
women a new self-confidence.
A new woman was born - a
woman who smoked and
drank in public, danced, kept
her hair short, wore make-up,
dressed differently, and
participated in economic
activities. These women
became known as Flappers.
The Jazz Age ended with a stock market crash in 1929. Fortunes that were made quickly and often illegally and at the expense of others were lost. The country was thrown into the Great Depression.
End of an Age
Middle class
From the Midwest
On August 18, 1920, TN
became the last of 36
states needed to ratify the
19th amendment. Now,
women could vote.
During the war, many
women went into the
workforce. Because
many men died during
the war, women began
to earn money to
support their families
and move out on their own.
Married to Tom
Distant cousin to Nick
Old money
Married to Daisy
Married to George
Has an affair
Owns a garage
Hard worker
House guest of the Buchanans
Professional Golfer
Meyer Wolfsheim
Ch. 1 Vocabulary
F. Scott Fitzgerald mini biography:
Full transcript