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Bill Of Rights Project
Transcript of Bill Of Rights Project
The Second Amendment of the United States Constitution reads: "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."
The Fifth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution provides, "No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury
The Third Amendment, which forbids the “quartering” of “soldiers” in private homes without the owner's consent, is often the butt of jokes because it is so rarely litigated.
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures
The First Amendment (Amendment I) to the United States Constitution prohibits the making of any law respecting an establishment of religion, impeding the free exercise of religion, abridging the freedom of speech, infringing on the freedom of the press, interfering with the right to peaceably assemble or prohibiting ...
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation
The Seventh Amendment, or Amendment VII of the United States Constitution is the section of the Bill of Rights that guarantees a jury trial for civil cases in the federal courts.
prohibits cruel and unusual punishments, but also mentions “excessive fines” and bail.
The Ninth Amendment, or Amendment IX of the United States Constitution is the section of the Bill of Rights that states that there are other rights that may exist aside from the ones explicitly mentioned, and even though they are not listed, it does not mean they can be violated.
Tenth Amendment - Reserved Powers. Amendment Text | Annotations. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
first amendment case
The third criterion of the Lemon Test was held in Agostini v. Felton not to be relevant when considering distributing aid to religious schools. The Court ruled that the loans were acceptable because they did not represent a governmental indoctrination or advancement of religion. The loans were made in a nondiscriminatory and constitutional fashion to both secular and non-secular schools.
second amendment case
the question of whether the Second Amendment extends beyond federal enclaves to the states. The decision in McDonald v. Chicago, which was brought in response to Heller and decided in 2010, did invalidate much of Chicago's gun purchase and registration laws, and has called into question many other state and local laws restricting purchase, possession and carry of firearms.
third amendment case
BENNETT V. WAINWRIGHT
The plaintiffs argued that a police raid that ended with a resident being shot and killed by a state trooper constituted an illegal occupation.
"There is no sense in which a single state trooper and several deputy sheriffs can be considered 'soldiers' within the meaning of that word as it is used in the amendment nor in which the use of a house presumably owned by one of the plaintiffs for a period of fewer than 24 hours could be construed as 'quartering' within the scope of the amendment."
fourth amendment cases
Muehler v. Mena, The police had a search warrant to search the premises for deadly weapons and evidence of gang membership. Mena sued the officers in federal district court for violating her Fourth Amendment right to be free from unreasonable seizure. Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, the Court held that Mena's detention did not violate the Fourth Amendment. Officers with a search warrant for contraband had authority to detain occupants of the premisses during the search, in order to minimize any risk to officers.
smith v. Massachusetts. Smith was tried in for illegal possession of a firearm, During the trial the judge ruled Smith was not guilty because the state failed to introduce direct evidence of the gun. a witness had testified that Smith's gun was a pistol, the judge reversed and sent the possession charge to the jury. Smith appealed and argued the judge's reversal violated the Fifth Amendment's doubly jeopardy clause. Justice Antonin Scalia, the Court held that the double jeopardy clause barred the judge from reconsidering the acquittal on the firearm charge later in the trial.