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Transcript of Imperialism
--Cow: sacred to Hindus.
--Pig: Unclean to Muslims.
--Sepoys refused to use the new ammo and were arrested by the British.
--This touched off a revolt which slaughtered more than 50 European men, women and children.
--British seized control of all of India.
--Queen Victoria became Empress of India.
Imperialism--the political and economic control of one area by another
Capitalism--Economic system with private businesses
Nationalism--Loyalty to your own nation
IMPERIALISM IN aFRICA 1914--European nations sought colonies in Africa because Europeans were competing for raw materials and markets.
What enabled African and Indian Imperialism?
Europeans had the means to control their empires
African and Indian disunity
--British East India company controlled much of India with a policeforce made up of sepoys. Sepoys--Native Hindu or Muslim mercenary private police.
--Indian Crops: opium poppies for sale in China and cotton and tea for sale in the rest of the British empire.
--Cotton textile making outlawed in India so that the Indian people would be forced to buy British cloth.
--India was so profitable, it was called the “Jewel in the Crown.”
"RAJ" IN INDIA
imperialism in china
--Because of repeated attempts at invasion, China distrusted foreigners and unsuccessfully tried to remain isolated.
--During the 19th century, Europeans divided China in to SPHERES OF INFLUENCE because Europeans had technologically superior military forces.
opium wars in china
Opium is cheap
Population develops a dependency
Chinese appeal to Britain to stop the opium trade
British government does not reply
The opium addict often sold all his possessions to pay for the opium. This woodcut shows an addict's wife being sold to support his habit.
Open Door Policy
United States wanted access to China trade, along with the British.
Feared other nations would beat them to China.
All countries with economic interests in China should have equal access to Chinese markets.
No one consulted China!
Monroe Doctrine 1823
Impact of British Rule in India
Government-The British provided a single system of law and government unifying India
Economic-The British built roads, bridges, railroads and set up telegraph wires
Health-The British built hospitals, introduced new medicine, and provided famine relief
Social-The British looked down upon the Indians and were treated as inferior to European culture
THE "NEW IMPERIALISM"
Reasons for Renewed Interest in Imperialism
New Technology-steamships, rifles, telegraphs, better medicine made it possible to travel deep into Africa, Asia and the Pacific nations.
Economics-Europeans needed raw materials to keep their factories busy.
Politics-Europeans wanted to acquire colonies to demonstrate their power, preserve the balance of power within Europe.
Social-Many Europeans believed in Social Darwinism-the theory that some societies were better than others because their cultures were superior. Others wanted to spread Christianity.
The Scramble for Africa
Legacy of Imperialism in Africa
European medicine and improved nutrition increased the lifespan of Africans
European domination led to an erosion of traditional African values and existing social relationships
Europeans introduced modern transportation and communications to Africa
African peoples were treated as inferior to Europeans
A small minority of Africans received improved education and greater economic opportunities
Europeans divided Africa artificially instead of culturally or ethnically which led to continuing tribal conflicts
Chinese group called "Boxers" rebelled against the spread of foreign influence in China killing hundreds of foreigners living in China.
International forces crushed the Boxers and their rebellion.
United States opens Japan
1853-U.S. government sent a naval squadron commanded by Commodore Matthew Perry in an effort to develop new markets and establish a port where their ships bound for China could stop and resupply
The Meiji Restoration
Samurai and Daimyos criticized Shogun for opening Japan to the West
Emperor was "restored" to power
Emperor Meiji commands adoption of Western ways to avoid being dominated even further
In 1884, at the Berlin Conference, European leaders divided up what was left of uncolonized Africa.
--Wide spread communication
--Huge variety of cultures
--Fighting among cultures
--Huge business interests and support from companies