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Transcript of Summarizing
Why is it important to summarize?
How Do I Do It?
1. Begin by reading OR have students listen to the text selection.
2. Ask students the following framework questions:
a.What are the main ideas?
b.What are the crucial details necessary for supporting the ideas?
c.What information is irrelevant or unnecessary?
3.Have them use key words or phrases to identify the main points from the text.
Summarizing requires students to discern the most important ideas in a text, to ignore irrelevant information, and to integrate the central ideas in a meaningful way. Teaching students to summarize improves their memory for what is read. Summarizing is an efficient way to capture what is most important.
What is it?
Why Should I Do It?
It helps students learn to determine essential ideas and consolidate important details that support them.
It enables students to focus on key words and phrases of an assigned text that are worth noting and remembering.
It teaches students how to take a large selection of text and reduce it to the main points for more concise understanding.
When Do I Do It?
Distributive - throughout the lesson
Numbered Heads.. tell
Every (age+1) minutes
Summative - at the end of the lesson
Ticket Out the Door
One sentence summary
Where Do I Do It?
Sum It Up
(Write a summary of the texts using as many of the key words as possible. Put one word in each blank. Imagine you have only $2.00 and that each word you use is worth ten cents.)
•Capture the main ideas and key information in the text
•Have the right amount of detail (not too much, and not too little)
•Combine several ideas or facts into one statement
•Paraphrase (use your own words)
Avoid the boring-retelling trap!
Have you ever asked someone to tell you about a movie they saw and found that they went on, and on, and on, with every little detail? That's what you want to avoid when you summarize. Think of a summary as an overview that highlights the big ideas and events, not a blow-by-blow description of all the details.
What Does the Research Say?
Summarization in Any Subject (Rick Wormeli)
Strategies That Work
(Harvey and Goudvis)
Summarizing is not...
Classroom Instruction That Works
(Marzano, Pickering, and Pollock)