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Prepositions & Prepositional Phrases
Transcript of Prepositions & Prepositional Phrases
Types of Prepositional
What is a phrase??
A group of words that acts as a single part of speech.
-It may have a noun, or verb.
-Does not have a subject doing a verb.
Prepositions, Phrases, and types of prepositional phrases.
The object of the preposition is the word the preposition is describing.
Objects of Prepositions
Identify the prepositional phrases in these sentences.
Cati jumped into the ocean.
What is the preposition? What is the object of the preposition?
You will be learning about types of prepositional phrases. As a writer, using these can be helpful. They can combine two short choppy sentences. Just take the prepositional phrase from one sentence and insert it into another. This improves sentence fluency!
As a Writer:
How are prepositional phrases built?
-a word that shows the relationship between a noun/pronoun and another noun/pronoun in a sentence, often
indicating time, place, or movement
The dog is
" is the preposition and indicates the relationship between the dog and the bed.
What does the preposition indicate?
Mr. Kunz ate his sardines between classes.
The mouse slept in his home.
What is a phrase?
Phrases=They have no subject!!
-Leaving behind the dog.
-Smashing into the fence
-to the store.
Not a phrase:
The cat sits by the frog.
This has a subject "cat" doing a verb!!!
2) it may (not always) have
in the middle (describing words)
-He played with the Clippers.
- I found an old Nintendo game behind the shelf inside the closet.
-Lucas threw the basketball in the hoop.
-Kyleigh went to the game.
-Spencer is an athlete.
Looking at it in a sentence:
The Adjective phrase:
Reminder: An adjective describes a noun; it tells which one or what kind.
modifies (describes) a noun/pronoun. The phrase acts as an adjective!
My uncle was a talented architect
. (The prepositional phrase describes what type of architect.)
Mr. Mecham is the teacher
on the left
The prepositional phrase modifies the noun "teacher" telling which teacher.
The Adverb Phrase
Review: An adverb tells how, where, when, how long, to what extent, etc.
describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb..
1) The dog ran
throughout the forest.
(The phrase modifies the verb ran, telling where it ran.)
2) We worked diligently
for a month
?(The phrase modifies the adverb diligently, telling to what extent.)
1) Sydney has a good sense
What word is this adjective phrase modifying or describing?
2) The pokemon cards on the table are mine.
What is the adjective phrase in this sentence?
3) The school _____________(Create an adjective phrase) is the one I go to.
1)What is adverb phrase in this sentence?
Game Stop has opened across the street.
2) What word does this adverb phrase modify?
For several hours
, the wind blew.
will have a noun or pronoun that comes after it. We call this the
of the preposition.
I gave him the video games
Mr. Mecham ran the race
have objects that come after them.
The bird was flying
The preposition "
" has the object, "jet" after it.
Sometimes words can be used as different parts of speech, depending on the sentence...
describes an adjective, verb, or another adverb. It does NOT have an object.
Example: The sun shone
Without an object, "
" is an adverb.
As a Writer....
Prepositional Phrases can also be used to clarify meanings and give more descriptive details.
A coworker of mine said this to us:
"I choose not to be friends with my coworkers."
We were all shocked because we thought we were his friends...
When he realized some people were offended, he added..
"I choose not to be friends
with my coworkers."
That prepositional phrase clarified things!!!
Identify the prepositional phrase as an adverb or adjective:
We were in a hurry just like Sherry.