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Prepositions & Prepositional Phrases

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by

Olivia Arnold

on 23 August 2014

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Transcript of Prepositions & Prepositional Phrases

A prepositional phrase contains:
Types of Prepositional
Phrases

Prepositional Phrases
Prepositions
Definitions &
examples

for
the

computer
.
The Product
What is a phrase??

A group of words that acts as a single part of speech.

-It may have a noun, or verb.
BUT
-Does not have a subject doing a verb.


Prepositions, Phrases, and types of prepositional phrases.
The object of the preposition is the word the preposition is describing.
Objects of Prepositions
Identify the prepositional phrases in these sentences.
Prepositions
Cati jumped into the ocean.
Practice:
What is the preposition? What is the object of the preposition?
You will be learning about types of prepositional phrases. As a writer, using these can be helpful. They can combine two short choppy sentences. Just take the prepositional phrase from one sentence and insert it into another. This improves sentence fluency!
As a Writer:
Resources
How are prepositional phrases built?
Prepositions
-a word that shows the relationship between a noun/pronoun and another noun/pronoun in a sentence, often
indicating time, place, or movement
.


Example:
The dog is
on
the bed
.

"
On
" is the preposition and indicates the relationship between the dog and the bed.

What does the preposition indicate?
.
Mr. Kunz ate his sardines between classes.
The mouse slept in his home.
What is a phrase?
around
school
.
of

the

notebook
.
The End
Phrases=They have no subject!!
-Leaving behind the dog.
-Smashing into the fence
-to the store.
Not a phrase:
The cat sits by the frog.

This has a subject "cat" doing a verb!!!
1)
begins
with a
preposition
2) it may (not always) have
modifiers
in the middle (describing words)
3)
ends
with an
object

-
-He played with the Clippers.
- I found an old Nintendo game behind the shelf inside the closet.
-Lucas threw the basketball in the hoop.
-Kyleigh went to the game.
-Spencer is an athlete.
Looking at it in a sentence:
He was
under
the warm

blanket
Preposition
modifiers
Object (noun)
The Adjective phrase:
Reminder: An adjective describes a noun; it tells which one or what kind.
An
adjective phrase
modifies (describes) a noun/pronoun. The phrase acts as an adjective!
Examples:
My uncle was a talented architect
of buildings
. (The prepositional phrase describes what type of architect.)

Mr. Mecham is the teacher
on the left
.
The prepositional phrase modifies the noun "teacher" telling which teacher.
The Adverb Phrase
Review: An adverb tells how, where, when, how long, to what extent, etc.
An
adverb phrase
describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb..

Examples:
1) The dog ran
throughout the forest.
(The phrase modifies the verb ran, telling where it ran.)
2) We worked diligently
for a month
?(The phrase modifies the adverb diligently, telling to what extent.)
Practice
1) Sydney has a good sense
of humor
.
What word is this adjective phrase modifying or describing?



2) The pokemon cards on the table are mine.
What is the adjective phrase in this sentence?
3) The school _____________(Create an adjective phrase) is the one I go to.
Practice:
1)What is adverb phrase in this sentence?
Game Stop has opened across the street.

2) What word does this adverb phrase modify?
For several hours
, the wind blew.
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1lmFZrjbxtXYggOgOCxROQyJrS5Lh8dX8Vw93hHEf2uI/viewform

A
Preposition
will have a noun or pronoun that comes after it. We call this the
object
of the preposition.
Examples:
I gave him the video games
for

Christmas
.
Mr. Mecham ran the race
at

night
.
She went
to
the
basketball game
.
Matthew jumped
over
the
basketball hoop
.
of
for
Prepositions
Vs.
Adverbs
Prepositions
have objects that come after them.
Example:
The bird was flying
above
the jet.
The preposition "
above
" has the object, "jet" after it.
Sometimes words can be used as different parts of speech, depending on the sentence...
An
adverb
describes an adjective, verb, or another adverb. It does NOT have an object.
Example: The sun shone
above
.
Without an object, "
above
" is an adverb.
As a Writer....
Prepositional Phrases can also be used to clarify meanings and give more descriptive details.
Example:
A coworker of mine said this to us:
"I choose not to be friends with my coworkers."
We were all shocked because we thought we were his friends...
When he realized some people were offended, he added..
"I choose not to be friends
on Facebook
with my coworkers."
That prepositional phrase clarified things!!!
Practice
Identify the prepositional phrase as an adverb or adjective:


We were in a hurry just like Sherry.
Full transcript