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Career Counseling with LGBT Clients: What Practitioners need
Transcript of Career Counseling with LGBT Clients: What Practitioners need
Creating an LGBT Affirming Environment
Career Counseling with LGBT Young Adults
Career Counseling for LGBT Clients Review
3.8% of LGBT Americans
0.3%: transgender (Williams Institute Review, April 2011)
Tn- ranked #21- 127,526
Homophobia- "an irrational fear, hatred, and intolerance of LGBT persons" (Gelberg & Chojnacki, 1996, pg.21)
between 25% and 66% of LGBT employees reported experiencing discrimination at work based on their sexual orientation (Croteau's Review of Research)
Overt discrimination- "gay bashing"
Some General Counseling Issues
challenge stereotypes in effort to expand clients' perception
Discrimination of Sexual Minorities
Stage I: Identity Confusion
Stage II: Identity Comparison
Stage III: Identity Tolerance
Stage IV: Identity Acceptance
Stage V: Identity Pride
Stage VI: Identity Synthesis
When using for career counseling
some clients may cycle through the model
the time it takes to move through model can vary
developmental differences between LGBT could result in different patterns
sexual orientation is only one variation
Model of Homosexuality Identity Formation
keep in mind nature of heterosexual bias and use knowledge as reminder for reflection
use gender-free language
become familiar with models of LGBT identity formation
identify a consultant who can provide helpful information
become familiar with local support networks
Career Counseling with LGBT Clients: What Practitioners need to know
internal psychological conflict
For Health Problems
For Education and Career Resources
Gay, Lesbian, Straight Education Network (GLSEN): www.glsen.org
Public Education Regarding Sexual Orientation Naturally: www.personproject.org
National Gay and Lesbian Task Force: www.ngltf.org
Youth Resource: A Project of Advocates for Youth: www. youthresourse.com
Queer Resources Directory: www.qrd.org
National Youth Advocacy Coalition (NYAC): www.nyacyouth.org
Gay and Lesbian Association of Retiring Persons: www.gaylesbianretiring.org
The American Counseling Association: www.aglbig.org/recourses/rt07.htm
The American Psychological Association: www.apa.org/pi/l&bres.html
The National Career Development Association:http://ncda.org
Bieschke, K. J., & Matthews, C. (1996). Career counselor attitudes and behaviors toward gay, lesbian, and bisexual clients. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 48, 243-255.
Croteau, J. M. (1996). Research on the work experiences of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people: An integrative review of methodology and findings. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 48, 195–209.
Nauta, M. M,, Saucier, A, M,, & Woodard, L, E. (2001). Interpersonal influences on students' academic and career decisions: The impact of sexual orientation. The Career Development Quarterly, 49, 352-362.
Pope, M. (1995). Career interventions for gay and lesbian clients: A synopsis of practice knowledge and research needs. The Career Development Quarterly, 44, 191—203.
Weinberg, M. S., & Williams, C. J. (1975). Male homosexuals: Their problems and adaptations, New York: Penguin Books
Zunker, V.C., (2012). Career Counseling: A Holistic Approach. 8th edition
Stage 1: precounseling preparation
Stage 2: establishing an affirmative trusting relationship
Stage 3: client identity issues
Stage 4: identify variables that may limit career choice
Stage 5: tailored assessment
Stage 6: job search strategies