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Sentence Types

Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex!
by

Richard Treat

on 31 March 2016

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Transcript of Sentence Types

Clause
SENTENCE
TYPES

ONE
independent clause
NO
dependent clauses
Simple
S=IC
The dog barked.
The dog and cat played.
The cat hissed and spat.

Anastasia and Alexei may not be buried with the family.
The Bolsheviks imprisoned and executed Nicholas and his family.
Nicholas II was the last czar of the Romanov dynasty.
CON
OP
ADV
HV
HV
LV
PN
OP
ADJ
ADJ
CON
ADJ
CON
DO
DO
ADJ
AV
AV
2 subjects;
can be combined as 'they'
1 verb phrase;
done by both subjects
2 verbs
done by the same subject
TWO+
independent clauses
ONE+
coordinate

(aka FANBOYS)
conjunction
NO
dependent clauses
Compound
Grammar is easy, so I learned it quickly.
Grammar is easy; therefore, I learned it quickly.
Grammar is easy; I learned it quickly.
Engels and Marx authored
The Communist Manifesto
, yet Marx

was the more influential of the two.
CP= IC,+IC
(+=coordinate conjunction)
Stalin was Lenin's comrade, but

Lenin disowned Stalin before his death.
CON
AV
D---------------------O
LV
OP
CON
PA
ADJ
ADV
ADJ
PN
LV
CON
AV
DO
OP
)
(
)
(
(
)
)
AV
1 subject;
1 verb
Complex
ONE
independent clause
ONE+
dependent clause
CX=IC+DC (no comma before DC)
CX=DC,+IC (comma after intro DC)
While he was living in St. Petersburg,

Lenin worked with political agitators.

Lenin translated
The Communist Manifesto


before Stalin became his comrade.
Ronnie begins to sneeze violently whenever he opens the door.
I need to go home because I have to study.
Because I have to study, I need to go home.
O-----------P
HV
AV
OP
AV
(
[
]
(
)
AV
D--------------------O
LV
PN
ADJ
[
]
)
(
TWO+
independent clauses
ONE
coordinate conjunction
ONE
dependent clause
Compound-
Complex

CP-CX=IC+IC+DC
=DC+IC+IC
=IC+DC+IC
Although he was old, the animals listened to Old Major, since he was wise.
Mr. Jones drank while he farmed, so his animals wanted a rebellion.
Although he was old, the animals listened

to Old Major, for he was wise.

Mr. Jones drank while he farmed, so

his animals wanted a rebellion.
LV
AV
O------P
LV
PA
ADJ
PA
DO
AV
AV
AV
ADJ
ADJ
(
(
(
(
)
)
)
)
[
[
]
]
A Subject + A Predicate
(who performs the action)
(verb, object, phrases governed by the verb)
We will try.


My father is crazy.


My mother took the dog to the vet.


Subject/Predicate
1. independent
clause

2. dependent clause
I can stand
on my own!

We need
support!

Examples
Examples
She laughed.
I called my sister.
My friend pretended to faint, but nobody believed her.
When I laughed, ...
If you had told me yesterday, ...
Because my best friend pretended to faint, ...
1. My best friend fell down some stairs
2. Although I wanted to sleep
3. Unless we start now
4. She never told me
5. What this school needs now
6. The future starts today
7. While I was gasping for breath
8. I got hurt
You can combine DEPENDENT and INDEPENDENT clauses to create FOUR kinds of sentences.
1. Such as health insurance and things that the government helps pay for.

2. Although I try to entertain my son in old-fashioned ways, it's easier to reach into my pocket and just hand him the smartphone.

3. Some people don’t want taxes because they don’t want the government to to interfere in their lives.

4. Under current laws, only people purchasing guns legally go through a background check, but it isn't always effective.

5. Learning basic skills, improving language, and higher paying jobs.

6. I am constantly looking over my shoulder for zombies.

7. There are hundreds of diet plans, most prove to be useless.
Are these correct sentences? If so, what type?
unit 5
Clause?
Full transcript