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4 STAGES OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION

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by

Morgan Bennett

on 2 February 2016

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Transcript of 4 STAGES OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION

1795 - 1799
1. MODERATE CONSTITUTION OF 1795:
1789 - 1791
1. STORMING THE BASTILLE:
PHASE 1: NATIONAL ASSEMBLY (MODERATE PHASE)
PHASE 3: DIRECTORY
4 STAGES OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
Morgan Bennett P.1
THANK YOU!
1799 - 1815
1. EMPORER OF FRANCE:
1792 - 1794
1. COMMITTEE OF PUBLIC SAFETY:
PHASE 2: NATIONAL ASSEMBLY (RADICAL PHASE)
PHASE 4: AGE OF NAPOLEON
2. 3RD ESTATE TAKES TENNIS COURT OATH:
3. DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN:
2. LOUIS XVI & MARIE ANTOINETTE EXECUTED:
3. REIGN OF TERROR:
2. FIVE-MAN DIRECTORY:
3. CORRUPT LEADERSHIP:
2. NAPOLEONIC CODE:
3. BATTLE OF THE NATIONS:
BASTILLE- GRIM medieval FORTRESS USED AS A PRISON FOR POLITICAL AND OTHER PRISONERS
AN ENRAGED MOB KILLED THE COMMANDER AND RELEASED PRISONERS BEING HELD
THE BASTILLE IS A SYMBOL THAT SHOWS YEARS OF MONARCHY CONTROL
"NEVER TO separate AND MEET WHEREVER THE CIRCUMSTANCES MIGHT REQUIRE UNTIL WE HAVE ESTABLISHED A SOUND AND JUST CONSTITUTION"
OATH WAS TAKEN AT AN INDOOR TENNIS COURT
3RD ESTATE PROCLAIMED THEMSELVES TO BE THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
RESEMBLES THE AMERICAN DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
MEN ARE "BORN AND REMAIN FREE AND EQUAL IN RIGHTS"
ONLY REASON GOVERNMENT WAS THERE WAS TO CITIZENS' NATURAL RIGHTS
SAVED THE REVOLUTION DUE TO ABSOLUTE POWER
CITIZENS WERE FORCED TO HELP THE WAR EFFORT
12 PEOPLE MADE UP THE ENTIRE COMMITTEE
"TRAITOR OF FRANCE" WAS THE NAME GIVEN TO LOUIS XVI
KING WAS EXECUTED DUE TO ONE SINGLE VOTE
LATER THE YEAR, IN OCTOBER, MARIE ANTOINETTE WAS ALSO EXECUTED
PEOPLE WHO RESISTED THE REVOLUTION TOOK PART IN THE REIGN OF TERROR BY BEING EXECUTED
THE OBJECT BEING USED TO EXECUTE PEOPLE WAS THE GUILLOTINE
40,000 PEOPLE WERE EXECUTED
PRUSSIA AND SPAIN WERE AT PEACE WITH BRITIAN, HOWEVER; AUSTRIA AND GREAT BRITIAN WERE STILL AT WAR
1795-1799 DIRECTORY HELD POWER
ROYALIST FEELINGS WERE REVIVING WHILE DIRECTORY HELD POWER
3 CONSTITUTIONS SINCE 1789
5 - MAN DIRECTORY WAS SET UP
DOMINANT PEOPLE WERE FROM THE MIDDLE CLASS (3rd estate)
WERE NOT ABLE TO SOLVE PROBLEMS
STARTED TO TURN TO NAPOLEON
POLITICIANS WANTED NAPOLEON TO HELP ADVANCE THEIR GOALS
"OWNED THE THROWN"
NAPOLEON WAS LOVED BY THE FRENCH
KNOWN AS AN ABSOLUTE RULER
TOOK AWAY MANY OF THE NEW REFORMS RECENTLY MADE
GAVE "EQUALITY TO CITIZENS, RELIGIOUS TOLERATION AND ABOLITION OF FEUDALISM"
NAPOLEON DID NOT THINK THAT INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS WERE AS IMPORTANT AS AUTHORITY AND VALUED ORDER
NAPOLEON AND HIS ARMY WERE DEFEATED BY THE RUSSIANS
SCORCHED EARTH POLICY WAS WHAT CAUSED NAPOLEON TO SURRENDER
NAPOLEON LATER ESCAPED EXILE ONLY TO BE DEFEATED AGAIN AND KILLED
DURING THIS PHASE, THE REVOLUTION IS JUST BEGINNING. FRANCE HAD MANY REVOLTS AND RIOTS THAT STARTED TO SPARK THE FRENCH REVOLUTION. THE MONARCHY IS BEGINNING TO STRUGGLE AND FALL FROM POWER. FRANCE AT THIS TIME IS NOT AT PEACE WITH ITSELF. ALONG WITH ALL THE NEGATIVES THAT ARE MENTIONED ABOVE, MANY NEW REFROMS CAME OUT OF TE FIRST PHASE SUCH AS THE DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN.
DURING THIS PHASE, MANY NEW REFORMS AND IDEAS WERE CREATED, SUCH AS THE ABOLISHMENT OF THE MONARCHY. EVEN THOUGHT THE MONARCHY HAS FALLEN VIOLENCE IS STILL IN THE AIR DUE TO THE FRUSTRATION OF THE FRENCH. SOME OF THE VIOLENCE THAT OCCURED WAS TEH REIGN OF TERROR. DURING THIS TIME MORE THAN 40,000 PEOPLE WERE EXECUTED USING A DEVICE CALLLED THE GUILLOTINE.
DURING THIS TIME PERIOD, A THIRD CONSITITUTION WAS CREATED IN 1795. THIS CONSTITUTION LED TO THE FIVE MAN DIRECTORY WHICH IS MADE UP OF THE MIDDLE CLASS. THEY HELPED TO CREATE PEACE BETWEEN A FEW COUNTRIES, HOWEVEER; NOT EVERYONE WAS AT PEACE WITH FRANCE AT THE TIME. LEADERSHIPS HAD BEGUN TO CORRUPT, WHICH LED TO THE AGE OF NAPOLEON.
DURING THIS PHASE,NAPOLEON BONAPARTE HAD GAINED POWER ALL THROUGHOUT FRANCE AND NAMED HIMSELF THE EMPORER. HE WAS THE CAPITAN OF THE FRENCH ARMY AND WAS CONSIDERED A HERO TO MANY OF THE CITIZENS. BUT SOON ENOUGH NAPOLEON BEGAN TO LOSE MANY OF THE BATTLES HE WAS FIGHTING, INCLUDING THE BATTLE AT WATERLOO WHICH OFFICIALLY ENDED HIM. HE WAS LATER EXILED AND KILLED.
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