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SUPER FOODS

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Bronte Serafini

on 16 May 2014

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Transcript of SUPER FOODS

ORIGIN
Highbush blueberries are the most common variety we see at the supermarket. Originally highbush berries were found virtually exclusively in North America (The George Mateljan Foundation, 2014).

WHY IS IT SUPER?
Blueberries are packed full of beneficial nutrients, they contain vitamin K, vitamin C, fibre, manganese and other antioxidants. Compared to most other fruit and vegetables blueberries have one of the highest concentrations of antioxidants (NHS Choices, 2013a).



BLUEBERRIES
ORIGIN
Acai berries grow in enormous bunches near the tops of palm trees, which can be found in the Amazon rain forests (Selinger-Morris, 2011).

WHY IS IT SUPER?
"Acai (pronounced as-SAH’ee) provides 10 times the antioxidants than in red grapes and 10 to 30 times the anthocyanin’s found in red wine. It is now being promoted as an aid to weight loss, lowering cholesterol and boosting energy" (Weil, 2006).

These berries are jam packed with antioxidants, amino acids, fibre, essential fatty acids, vitamins and minerals, all found within the pulp and skin of this amazingly energizing super fruit (LesserEvil Healthy Brands, 2012).
ACAI BERRIES
Superfoods usually contain high amounts of specific nutrients which may reduce health problems. The term 'superfood' is not scientific however understanding the nutritional value of super foods can be helpful (Wanjek, 2013). When it comes to healthy eating it is important to remember not to just focus on any one food and that it is important to eat a balanced diet rich in fruit, vegetables and whole grains (NHS Choices, 2013b).
CONCLUSION
ORIGIN
Scientifically known as Lycium Barbarum, the goji berries exact origin is still unknown. Goji Berries are known to grow in multiple places worldwide with China being the main supplier of the berry, being traditionally used as herbal medicine, with its benefits being shown for two thousand years (Cole, 2007).
WHY IS IT SUPER?
Studies show that over a period of 14 days healthy adults noticed an increase of energy levels, sleep quality, athletic performance, increased focus, and mental alertness. Goji Berries have shown to considerably reduce fatigue and stress, and improve digestive systems (Amagase & Nance, 2008).
GOJI BERRIES
By : Sarah Templar, Bronte Serafini, Andrea Tatchell, Elizabeth Simkin & Kylie Baxter.
ORIGIN
Chia was cultivated in central Mexico, it was used in the diets of Aztec and Mayans as it provided them with energy and endurance. (Healthy Food for Healthy Living, 2006-2007).

WHY IS IT SUPER?
A 28g serve of Chia seeds contain 138 calories, 9 grams of fat, 10 grams of fibre, 5 grams of protein.
Chia seeds are packed with omega 3s-alpha linolenic acid which can be up to 4,500 milligrams per 28gm. (Neville, 2013). Chia also contains 12grams of carbohydrates per 28g. (Zelman, 2010).

CHIA SEEDS
INTRODUCTION
The following presentation on superfoods was a collaborative effort. Superfoods are nutrient-rich foods, that can help with anti-ageing, weight loss and living a healthier longer life. To ensure our information was credible we chose sources that were up to date and accurate. Also confirming the authors credentials, and that the information was objective and provided references or could be verified via other sources (Metzger, 2007).
REFERENCE LIST
Kale
BLUEBERRIES
HEALTH AND WEIGHT LOSS BENEFITS
Blueberries are a great addition to a healthy diet and a good choice as one of your five portions of fruit and vegetables because they are low in calories and high in nutrients (NHS Choices, 2013a). Consuming blueberries may help to slow the progress of diseases such as cancer, diabetes, inflammation and heart disease (Browne, 2010).

CRITICISM
Blueberries contain considerable amounts of oxalate. Health problems can occur when you have high concentrations of oxalates in your body fluid because they can crystallize. This is why individuals with existing kidney and gallbladder issues may want to avoid consuming blueberries. Also try buying organic blueberries where possible to avoid pesticide residues (The George Mateljan Foundation, 2014).

ORIGIN
Kale is a descendant of the wild cabbage and is more commonly found in the colder regions of the world such as Scotland and has been around for over 2000 years (Vectis Road Allotments, 2014).

WHY IS IT SUPER?
Kale is a super food which produces chemicals that can prevent or prolong the process of cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and hypertension, the cause of most deaths in the world today (Butler, 2012).
CHIA SEEDS
GOJI BERRIES
REFERENCE LIST CONT.
ACAI BERRIES
Kale
HEALTH AND WEIGHT LOSS BENEFITS
Acai berries contain rich sources of antioxidants, which supplies a variety of health benefits. Promoting weight loss as it gives you overall energy, blood flow, detoxification of body, stronger cardiovascular system, anthocyanin’s for heart health, reduce inflammation and improve circulation. Acai berry oil can be used typically as a moisturizer and protects the skin from cellular damage (Shabir, 2013).

CRITICISM
Can only be harvested twice a year in the Amazon Basin, as they have to be frozen within 24hours before they spoil. Australians consume acai berries in powder form, pills, juices or frozen. This means you have to read how the product was processed to see what nasties are in it (Selinger-Morris, 2011).

HEALTH AND WEIGHT LOSS BENEFITS
Gogi Berries have multiple health benefits, providing over 30% of daily-recommended Vitamin A intake, they contain roughly one gram of protein per tablespoon (Overmyer, 2012). Melatonin is also found in goji’s, which has shown to control weight gain by reducing triglycerides, increasing good (HDL) and decreasing bad (LDL) cholesterol (Overmyer, 2012).


CRITICISM
It is known that goji berries can cause a reaction to certain drugs. The most common interaction is with Warfarin, a blood thinner. Goji berries are also known to interact with some blood pressure and diabetic drugs (Ratini, 2013).
HEALTH AND WEIGHT LOSS BENEFITS

Chia seeds can have the effect of controlling hunger to reducing blood sugar levels. They are also gluten free and can be used as an egg re-placer. The combination of fibre, protein and the gelling action Chia seeds create when mixed with liquid have a satiating effect and helps lower food cravings. (Hathwell, 2014)

CRITICISM
There are possible side effects with Chia, this can include gastrointestinal problems. The seeds are hydrophilic which can absorb fluids in the stomach leaving the person with stomach pains or cramps, although the exact cause of the issue is unknown and this issue is most likely caused when consuming large amounts. (Conway, 2014)
HEALTH AND WEIGHT LOSS BENEFITS
Kale has a number of health benefits and is rich in flavonoids, which consist of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory.

Kale is high in fibre which helps aid in weight loss benefits, it helps you stay fuller for longer. Kale is the new lettuce for dieters.

CRITICISM
Kale can create a problem for those people on blood thinning medication as it promotes clotting of the blood. Kale should not be eaten raw as it can cause digestive and abdominal problems (Butler, 2012).

Amagase, H.,& Nance, D. M. (2008, May).
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-...[J Altern Complemen
t
Med. 2008]
- PubMed - NCBI. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/188447631

Brown, R. (2010, December 8).
Science of super foods: Health benefits under microscope.
Retrieved from http:// www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/diet-and-fitness/science-of-super-foods-health-benefits-under-microscope-20101204-18kw7.html#superfoods

Butler, C. (2012, September 25).
Kale: Good Nutrition for you, just don't overdo
- HT Health. Retrieved from http://helath.heraldtribune.com/2012/09/25/kale-good-nutirition-for-you-just-dont-overdo/.

Cole, J. (2007, October). Goji berries: What You Need To Know About This Superfood. Retrieved from http://www.naturalnews.com/022082_berries_goji_food.html

Conway, E. (2014, January 4).
Chia Seeds: Benefits and Side Effects.
Retrieved from http://www.primalbritain.co.uk/chia-seeds-benefits-and-side-effects/

Hathwell, J. (2014).
Top 10 Health Benefits of Chia Seeds | Healthy Eating | SF Gate
. Retrieved from http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/top-10-health-benefits-chia-seeds-6962.html

Healthy Food For Healthy Living, (2006-2007).
History of the Mighty Chia Seed.
Retrieved from http://www.healthyfoodforhealthyliving.com/public/183.cfm


LesserEvil Healthy Brands (2012). 7 Superfoods to help you live longer. [ONLINE] Retrieved from http:// Lesserevillife.com/7-superfoods-to-help-you-live-linger.

Metzger, M. J. (2007). Making Sense fo credibility on the Web: Models for evaluating online information and reomendations for future research. Journal of the American Society For Information and recommendations for future research.
Journal of the American Society For Information Science and Technology,
58(13), 2078-2091.doi:10.1002/asi.20672

Neville, K. (2013, December 28).
Chia Seeds: Tiny Seeds with a Rich History - Food & Nutrition

Magazine - January-February 2014
. Retrieved from http://foodandnutrition.org/January-February-2014/Chia-Seeds-Tiny-Seeds-with-a-Rich-History/

NHS Choices (2013a, June 12).
Are blueberries a superfood? - NHS Choices
. Retrieved from http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/superfoods/Pages/are-blueberries-a-superfood.aspx

NHS Choices (2013b, June 12).
What are superfoods?

| LiveScience.
Retrieved from
http://livescience.com/34693-superfoods.html

Overmyer, J. (2012, August). Superfood: Goji Berries Retrieved from
http://greatist.com/helath/superfood-goji-berries

Ratini, M. (2013, March). Goji Beries: Health Benefits and Side Effects Retrieved from
http://webmd.com/balance/goji-berries-health-benefits-and-side-effects

REFERENCE LIST CONT.
Selinger-Morris, S (2011). Superfoods: separating fact from fiction. [ONLINE] Retrieved from : http://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/diet-and-fitness/superfoods-separating-fact-from-fiction-20110528-1f92t.html.

Shabir, D (2013). Facts and Myths about Acai Berry. [ONLINE] Retrieved from : http://www.victoriahealth.com/editorial/facts-and-myths-about-acai-berry.

The George Mateljan Foundation (2014). Retrieved from www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=foodspice&dbid=8

Vectis Road Allotment (2014, May 13).
History of vegetables
. Retrieved from http://www.veraveg.org/Veg%20History/Veg%20History%20Kale.html

Wanjek, C. (2013, May 24).
What Are Superfoods? | LiveScience
. Retrieved from http://www.livescience.com/34693-superfoods.html

Weil, A (2006). Q & A Library. [ONLINE] Retrieved from: http://www.drweil.com/drw/u/QAA400095/Acai-A-Better-Berry.html.

Zelman, K. M. (2010, June 4)
. Chia Seeds Nutrition & Facts About Weight Loss Claims.
Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/diet/features/truth-about-chia
SUPER FOODS
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