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Elements and Principles of Art

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veronica Meloche

on 11 February 2014

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Transcript of Elements and Principles of Art

Elements & Principles
Understanding Art
Line
Jane Eccles
Colour
Value
Picasso, Guernica, 1937
The Principles
of Design
Shape & Form
A line is a mark that has an
outline or edge. A
contour

drawing is when you draw only the outside edges of an object.


It can be straight, curved, zigzagged, dotted, vertical, horizontal, coarse or smooth.

Lines create shapes that direct the eye and create rhythm, movement and value
Colour or Hue, is how light looks when it reflects off an object.
Primary Colours
: red, yellow and blue
Secondary Colours
: orange, green and purple
Tertiary Colours
: red-orange, blue-purple, etc...
Artists also think about
Warm
and
Cool
Colours,
Mono
chrom
atic
,
Analo
gous
and
Compl
imentary
Colours.
Value refers to whether a colour is dark or light.

Intensity is the brightness or dullness of the colour.
How has Picasso used value
to create mood?
Keith Haring, untitled, 1984
What shapes dominate this work?
Space
Space is the area around shapes and forms.
Positive space is the actual shapes or forms.
Negative space is the area around those shapes and forms.
Van Gogh, Starry Night, 1889
How has Van Gogh used positive and negative space?
Texture
texture is how something feels or looks to feel to the touch.
Describe some textures you see in this artwork.
Frida Kahlo, self portrait with monkey,1940
Balance
Balance positions objects so they seem to carry the same visual weight.
Formal Balance: mirror image
Informal Balance: different shapes or objects, but they seem to carry the same weight.
Radial: shapes are placed around a central point.
Can you identify which type of balance is used?
Variety
Combining different elements into a work, such as colour, shapes and values.
What sort of variety can you identify?
Brian Jungen, Masks, 2005
Harmony & Unity
Combines the elements in a pleasing way to create flow and connectedness
Claude Monet, Waterlilies, 1916
How is a feeling of harmony created?
Emphasis
Adding emphasis makes an element stand out
Barbara Kruger, untitled, 1981
Which elements are emphasized?
Proportion
Is the size of shapes in relation to one another, can be literal or symbolic
Rene Magritte, The Listening Room, 1952
How do these artworks play with proportion?
Movement
Creates the look and feeling of action and guides the eye through the artwork
Marcel Duchamp, Nude Descending a Staircase, 1912
Describe the direction and speed of this movement.
Repetition/Rhythm
repeating a pattern or element to create a visual tempo
Stephanie Ford Forrester, Forest , 2009
How has the artist created rhythm using repetition?
ELEMENTS OF ART
Line, Shape, Form, Space
Colour, Value, , Texture
PRINCIPLES OF ART
Balance, Variety, Harmony,
Unity, Emphasis, Proportion,
Movement, Rhythm/Repetition
COMPOSITION
&
2-D shapes
3-D forms
What function do these lines serve?
contour drawing of shoes
Blind contour drawing is an exercise when you draw without looking at your paper and you don't lift up your pencil from the paper.
Full transcript