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What Is UNESCO and the Concept of Sustainable Development?
Transcript of What Is UNESCO and the Concept of Sustainable Development?
UNESCO, Sustainable Development & Social Justice
A sensitivity to the limits and potential of economic growth and their impact on society and the environment
Establishment of Learning Societies that embrace the humanistic principles of democracy and human rights
What Are UNESCO and the Concepts of Sustainable Development & Social Justice?
Rejects narrowly economic and instrumental idea of a Knowledge Economy
Conceptualizes Life-Long Learning from a Humanistic perspective
Dissemination of ideas, policies, practices, and curricula globally
What is UNESCO?
United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization
Emerged from WWII . . . founding constitution drafted in 1945
"In 1945, UNESCO was created in order to respond to the firm belief of nations, forged by two world wars in less than a generation, that political and economic agreements are not enough to build a lasting peace. Peace must be established on the basis of humanity’s moral and intellectual solidarity" (UNESCO).
Goal: Promote peace & security through educational, scientific, and cultural exchange & understanding
What it does . . .
Encourages and funds projects that promote its institutional goals, i.e. Education for All
Works with governmental institutions
Partners with philanthropic organizations in creating and funding projects
1. Attaining quality education for all and lifelong learning
2. Mobilizing scientific knowledge for sustainable development
Not only economic but also environmental, social, and cultural sustainability
A sensitivity to the limits and potential of economic growth and their impact on society and on the environment
3. Fostering cultural diversity, intercultural dialogue, and a culture of peace
Culture has an intrinsic value for development as well as social cohesion and peace
4. Building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication
Promoting the free flow of ideas and universal access to information
World is progressing toward a Common Unity of Cultures and Political Organizations based on the Principles of Human Rights
Human rights as the key to creating a Learning Society
Universal value of Democracy
Emphasis on each individual's right to realize his/her potential and to share in building the future
Create a Learning Society to teach about and support democracy
Focus on Individual Development
From instrumental economic perspective to humanistic perspective
Utilize new technology and media to foster and strengthen representative democracy
Three Learning Objectives
1. Learning to Know
Broad general education based on an in-depth study of a selected number of subjects (liberal arts)
Foundational knowledge for social development (as opposed to economic development)
Schooling delivered in student's primary language
2. Learning to Do
Work skills and acquisition of competence to deal with a variety of situations
3. Learning to Be
Balance between personal independence and common goals
Create a desire to work for social unity
Emphasis on the moral and cultural dimensions of education
Economic growth takes back seat to democratic ethic
Where's the job training?
Lacks standardization in the assessment of quality and effectiveness of programs
UNESCO's commitment to sustainable development is not mutually exclusive from those of the World Bank and the OECD.
From Post-WWII Optimism to Education for All