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Angad's Psychological Development Scrapbook
Transcript of Angad's Psychological Development Scrapbook
you can crop these! (right click on any object to "Add My Collection," for use in other prezis.) (And don't forget to delete this white frame when you're done) Angad's Psychological Development " " He is the coolest person
I know... Moral Development -
Kohlberg's Theory Oh my God! It's Angad! A life in a closer view Table of Contents Page 3 – Introduction page to physical development
Page 4 – prenatal development and/or birth
Page 5 – Infancy
Page 6 – early childhood
Page 7 – childhood
Page 8 – puberty
Page 9 – present physical development
Page 10 – Introduction page to cognitive development (Piaget)
Page 11 – sensorimotor stage
Page 12 – preoperational stage
Page 13 – concrete operations stage
Page 14 – formal operations stage
Page 15 – Introduction page psycho-sexual development (Freud)
Page 16 – oral stage
Page 17 – anal stage
Page 18 – phallic stage
Page 19 – latency stage
Page 20 – genital stage
Page 21 – Introduction page to moral development (Kohlberg)
Page 22 – obedience and punishment
Page 23 – naïve hedonism
Page 24 – good boy/nice girl
Page 25 – law and order
Page 26 – social contract Physical Development Physical development consists of
six stages till the current age (16).
Physical development is one of the most
obvious signs of an individual growing. Therefore, to start of my scrapbook, I document pictures from each stage, visually displaying my physical development. At birth: 1. Prenatal Development
3. Early Childhood
6. Present Physical Development 0-8 Months Around the age of 2 Ages 5-10 Grade 6-9 Age 16 Cognitive Development - Paiget's Theory Paiget's core beliefs on cognitive development was that individuals learn through accommodation and assimilation. Psycho-sexual
Development- Freud Sigmund Freud believed the mind develops a tripartite structure in relation to psycho-sexual development: id, ego and superego. Id represents the instinctive desire one would want, ego represents self-awareness in society, and superego initiates what is right and what is wrong. 1 2 3 4 The Oral Stage The oral stage of Psycho-sexual Development is from birth to 1 year old of a person. Here, oral pleasures are focused on usually sucking. Therefore, many babies, including me, have been given pacifiers when not eating or when crying. This stage is mainly responsible for oral stimulation. I can clearly say that I have had more or less a stable gratification of oral development in this stage, thus having a stable amount of oral activity. Anal Stage The anal stage last from years 1 to 3 of a person’s life. Here the child’s focus of pleasure is on eliminating and retaining feces. The child must learn to control bowel and bladder movements, which is supported by society’s pressures. I don’t specifically recall to this stage, however my parents have trained me to control bowel and bladder stimulation. Therefore, some after effects of this stage can relate to me to an extent, as I am somewhat obsessed with cleanliness, perfection and control. Phallic Stage As the phallic stage occurs from years 3-6, the main focus is on sexual attraction. Here boys experience an Oedipal Complex where attraction is towards the mother. I do recall to being closely attached to my mother, and sometimes possessive over her with my sister. Latency Stage This stage lasts from years 6 to 11, where the superego develops moral standards. The energy of id is suppressed. I recall doing this, as I have become more moral and discipline when acting in society. I developed social skills and values and relationships in this stage. 5 Genital Stage Lasting from 11 to 18 years, the genital stage causes libido, or sexual desires, to become active again. Here strong interest in the opposite sex develops. I can personally say that this applies to me, as it does to many other teenagers at my age at the moment. However, my ego and superego have controlled these sexual desires to remain stable and not an obsessive idea in my head. Kohlberg's belief of moral development consisted more stages compared to paiget's basic belief. 1. Obedience and Punishment
2. Naïve Hedonism
3. "Good boy"
4. Law and Order
5. Social Contract In this stage, I did not disobey often, however I would let my desires take over me. For example, I would eat more and more chocolates. I would be punished by simply being limited to them or by not eating them at all. My parents would explain to me why exactly they were taken away from me, and how they could effect my health. I would sometimes disagree, as at that age it is hard for a child to understand another person's perspective. I have been told that I used very possessive over my mother or father sometimes, and would not want my sister to be there. However this possessiveness was not serious, just temporary. Also, I would not let my sister or cousin play with my toys. Here I developed more ethics and discipline, through nurture. My parents and society in Germany taught me to be obedient, simple and mature at a very young age. I did not break many laws, however did a few things against the law like many teenagers do. One time in neighborhood, I trespassed along with my friends over a gate through a golf course around midnight. We were not caught, as we fled towards my friend's house. As I started gaining my own opinions, I didn't and still don't agree with the fact that teenagers under 18 in the UAE are not allowed to work. I understand that there are some summer jobs, however a very small quantity of them are available. I see this opportunity of working at an early age as a chance to gain experience and learn more about the outside world. Sensorimotor stage: Preoperational Stage Concrete Operation Stage Formal Operations Stage The sensorimotor stage takes place between birth and the age of 2. Here behavior of an individual is usually reflexive, where they are only capable of responding to their environment. The coordination of sensation and perception is learned with motor activity. I recall being told that I used to play with toys, especially small balls, and that I was recognizing shapes and color. Preoperational stage lasts from ages 2 to 7. In this stage, words and symbols are used to represent objects. Individuals see only one aspect of a situation at a time. They also have inability to see another person’s point of view. From my parents, they told me that I have started asking for food as I pointed towards the kitchen or to certain parts of the kitchen, as I knew where the food was. Also, I used to say cereal as “cedum” in the early ages of this stage. As I attempted to say that I wanted to eat cereal. As I progressed through the years, I started to read and write and from there. Here the child begins to show
signs of adult thinking. The age of this stage is from ages 7 to 12. Also, they have the ability to see the world from another person's point of view. I remember when I first moved to Dubai at the age 8, I had new classmates. I asked one of my classmates, "Why is it so hot in Dubai?" They replied by saying, "It's not that hot!". There, I understood that because they lived in Dubai for so long, the heat was not as surprising to them as it was for me. This stage takes place from ages 12 onwards. Here the individual represents cognitive maturity. Here they realize that ideas can be compared and classified mentally just as objects can. They can also work on geometry problems about lines, triangles and squares without concerning themselves how problems relate to the real world. When it came to geometric problems, I believe I was much different than the theory states. When I saw geometric problems, I looked around the room and tried to compare and contrast those shapes to the ones on the problems. Therefore, I don't necessarily object this stage of Paiget's theory, however I do belief that the theory cannot always contemplate for every individual's cognitive development. Thank you for watching, and I hope you enjoyed my development as much as I did! Tip: keep going in the flow that it was made in order to have a clear insight! Enjoy!