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Transcript of Abraham Lincoln
* 12. February 1809 ; Hardin County, KY
† 15. April 1865 ; Washington D.C.
Important political acts
Ford's Theatre, Washington D.C.
April 15, 1865
John W. Booth, actor and southerner
Booth was upset about the lost Civil War
and Lincoln's slave policy
Greatest President ever?
Abraham Lincoln - fact file
Important political acts
(e.g. William H. Seward (Secretary of State) & Andrew Johnson (Vice President)
attacks to other members of government failed
- Lincoln's death impeded the already hard post-war years
(e.g. Lincoln Memorial, Mount Rushmore, 5-Dollar, ... )
liberator of the slaves / savior of the Union
"self-made man" / "from rags to riches"
formed the USA to an industrial nation
forerunner of the USA as a superpower
Lincoln is considered to be the most virtuous man ever
President, Father and Savior of the Union
April 1861 - June 1865
Southern States approved slavery
Northern States were against slavery
Southern States left the Union in 1860, due to Lincoln's successful election
-> founding of the Confederate States of
tense atmosphere between North and South
16. President of the United States (1861-1865)
Gestalter der Geschichte
Die amerikanischen Präsidenten - 44 historische Portraits
Die 101 wichtigsten Fragen -Amerikanische Geschichte
(John Mason, Kaiser Verlag, 1997)
(Christof Mauch, Becksche Reihe, 2008)
13. amendment to the United States Constitution
most popular amendment
passed by Senate on April 8, 1864
adopted by the Congress on January 31, 1865
about abolishing slavery and involuntary servitude
second significant step of abolishing slavery
declares the slaves in the Southern States as free
-> Southern economy will be weaken
-> slaves can flee into the Northern States
allows to confiscate slaves for governmental function (e.g. Civil War)
not justified in front of the law / just martial law
(Christof Mauch, C.H. Beck, 2013)
classed Lincoln to the "Great Presidents" in 1948
1858: 'Lincoln-Douglas debate'
1863: Gettysburg Address
one of the most famous speeches in the American History
very short speech with profound meaning
speech was given at the inauguration of a military cemetery
public speaking-debates for position of senator (Illinois)
Lincoln lost debate, but got a good political/rhetorical reputation in the USA
1862: Emancipation Proclamation
Abraham Lincoln - impressions of his life
Why Lincoln is called "the greatest President of the USA":
CS Army surrendered at Appomattox Court House, VA on April 9, 1865
United States Army (US) vs. Confederate States Army (CS)
(President of the Southern Confederacy
and Lincoln's opponent)
1. reason for war: preservation of the Union
2. reason for war: freeing the slaves
Mary Todd Lincoln
Robert Todd Lincoln
(Lincoln and Douglas at a public debate for position of senator)
(Lincoln at the inauguration of the military cemetery near Gettysburg)