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Mental Illness - Group 2

This is an informational presentation on some of the different types of mental illness within society

Liz Garner

on 31 May 2013

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Transcript of Mental Illness - Group 2

Mental Illness Anxiety Post traumatic stress disorder Bipolar Disorder Depression Bipolar disorder involves biological changes in mood that are more noticeable, severe, longer lasting and often more disruptive than everyday ups and downs. . (Berk, Michael, Castle, & Lauder, 2008)

Bipolar I disorder is defined by mania; bipolar II disorder by major depression and hypomania. (Goodwin, 2012) Symptoms of Bipolar The term "mental illness" is often used to describe when an individual experiences significant changes in their thinking, feelings or behaviour. Group 2 - Jody James Rowe, Rhys Malcolm, Katie Delahuntly, & Elizabeth Garner The words ‘blue and sad’ are often associated with Depression when in fact most people will feel a greater sense of numbness in daily activities (Beyond Blue 2012). Family history, major life events, personality and drug/alcohol use are the main factors with the condition. When patients are manic, treatment is urgent and patients should normally be referred to secondary services without delay. A short-term focus is often unsatisfactory but necessary in acute episodes of mania or severe depression. (Goodwin, 2012) How is Bipolar Disorder treated? Symptoms Symptoms of Depression Symptoms of PTSD Treatment Support Available •beyondblue www.beyondblue.org.au
Info line: 1300 22 4636

•Black Dog Institute www.blackdoginstitute.org.au
Info line: (02) 9382 4530

•HealthInsite www.healthinsite.gov.au
Ph: (02) 6289 8488 (Mon - Fri business hours)

•Moodswings www.moodswings.net.au
An online self help program for bipolar disorder with material based on an effective face-to-face group programs

•SANE Australia www.sane.org
Helpline: 1800 18 SANE (9am-5pm and messages can be left after hours)
Email: info@sane.org Support for Bipolar Disorder

Major categories that define PTSD;
re-experience (hyper memory recall and feel unable to stop the memory from taking over)
avoidance (suppressing emotion or conversation about the trauma)
hyper arousal (where feelings are heightened often resulting in chronic sleeplessness).
-The Why Factor? BBC Worldwide Podcast Anxiety is like 'worry' (Headspace 2011). Anxiety becomes a problem when these feelings of "worry" cause problems with every day activities.

(Beyond Blue 2013) states that common types of anxiety disorders are:
Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Social Phobia
Specific Phobias
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Panic disorder How is Anxiety treated? The specific treatment approach depends on the type of anxiety disorder and its severity. But in general, most anxiety disorders are treated with behavioural therapy, medication, or some combination of the two (Smith, Robinson & Segal 2013).

Herbal treatment is another alternative. Herbs such as Kava and Valerian both work on the same central nervous system receptors as Benzodiazepines (Kron 2002).
Treatments for PTSD are varied as each patient will have various responses to the current treatments most commonly prescribed medicines for a sufferer of PTSD can include;
anti-anxiety and
sleeping pills
(The Why Factor? BBC Worldwide Podcast) Treatment for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder image source - http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/04/army-ptsd-guidelines/ image source - http://ksj.mit.edu/tracker/tag/psychiatry-0 Symptoms of Anxiety Symptoms of Anxiety will vary from person to person (Australian Psychological Society 2013).

Symptoms may include:
Obsessive thoughts and behaviours.
Re-occurring and distressing thoughts.
Tightened chest.
Constant worry.
Avoiding situations/objects that have become feared.
Avoiding public situations which may cause anxiety. image source - http://www.pasadenavilla.com/residential-treatment-center/2013/03/four-keys-to-managing-bipolar-disorder/ image source - http://www.nature.com/scientificamerican/journal/v308/n5/full/scientificamerican0513-17.html image source - http://x-centricmodels.com/mag/?p=1025 image source - http://healthculturesociety.wikispaces.com/Medicalisation+of+Mental+Health+-+Does+it+Change+Anything%3F Image source - http://www.parentalmentalillness.org/Mental_illness_workbook.html
Most people keep well by using prescribed medications and strategies to maintain a healthy lifestyle. In addition, having personal plans tailored to preventing relapse of the particular types of episodes people experience may help the person gain more control over their bipolar disorder. Recovery for Bipolar disorder Image source - http://visionpsychology.com/topics-of-interest/mental-health-recovery/ Image source - http://theconversation.com/reliving-the-pain-of-war-military-deployment-and-ptsd-11065 image source - http://chi-of-ink.deviantart.com/art/Bipolar-Disorder-1-172733689 Recovery Image source - http://beautifulwreck1.wordpress.com/2012/11/07/sunrise-sunrise-remission-recovery-and-bipolar-disorder/ image source - http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/feb/10/diagnostic-manual-mental-illness General Support Available –
•Local General practitioners
•Local Mental Health Hospitals
•Local Psychiatrist / psychologist Recovery for Anxiety Recovery is possible with appropriate treatment such as exposure therapy, attention training, and a range of anxiety management techniques that can help you manage your symptoms. (Better Health Channel 2010)

The Anxiety Recovery Centre Victoria suggests that the following may also assist recovery:

Find Support.
Educate yourself about anxiety.
Regular exercise.
Breathing techniques. Anxiety Recovery Centre. (2012). Recovery Strategies. Retrieved from http://www.arcvic.org.au/recovery/recoverystrategies .

Australian Bureau of Statiistics. (2013). Mental Health. Retrieved from http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/1301.0Chapter11082009%E2%80%9310


Australian Psychological Society. (2013). Symptoms. Retrieved from http://www.psychology.org.au/publications/tip_sheets/anxiety/#s4.


Berk, L., Michael, B., Castle, d., & Lauder, S. (2008). Living with Bipolar. Crows Nest NSW: National Library Australia.

Better Health Channel. (2010). Anxiety Treatment Options. Retrieved from http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Anxiety_treatment_options .

Better Health Channel. (2011). Depression - Coping & Recovering. Retrieved from http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Depression_coping_and_recovering

Beyond Blue. (2013). Anxiety. Retrieved from http://www.beyondblue.org.au/the-facts/anxiety/types-of-anxiety .

Beyond Blue. (2013). Depression. Retrieved from http://www.beyondblue.org.au/the-facts/depression


Depression in Gay Men. (2010). Retrieved from http://out-of-the-ashes.blogspot.com.au/2010/08/depression-in-gay-men.html



Goodwin, G. M. (2012). Bipolar Disorder. Psychiatry: Part 1 of 2 , 567 - 632.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/feb/10/diagnostic-manual-mental-illness Image source - http://www.rejectanxiety.com/most-common-anxiety-symptoms/ Image source - http://pleasantvalley.cc/depression-christianity-and-the-dark-night-of-the-soul/ Image source: http://shiningdaylight.blogspot.com.au/ Image source - http://awelcominghearth.blogspot.com.au/ Support for Anxiety Lifeline:
24 hour Telephone Crisis Support
Ph: 13 11 14

OCD and Anxiety Helpline:
Provides support, information and referral to mental health care providers 1300 269 438 or 03 9830 0533.

Anxiety Help:
Provides information about where to get help.

Twitter Support Group:

Facebook Support Group:
https://www.facebook.com/AnxietyAdvice?fref=ts - Image source: http://www.depressiontoolkit.org/news/support_groups.asp https://www.imhro.org/education/about-bipolar-disorder/bipolar-disorder-symptoms Conclusion Watch this!!! The symptoms vary widely in their pattern, severity, and frequency. Some people are more prone to either mania or depression, while others alternate equally between the two types of episodes. Some have frequent mood disruptions, while others experience only a few over a lifetime (Smith & Segal, 2012) Recovery for PTSD:

Explore your thoughts and feelings about the trauma
Work through feelings of guilt, self-blame, and mistrust
Learn how to cope with and control intrusive memories
Address problems PTSD has caused in your life and relationships
Take medication http://www.helpguide.org/mental/post_traumatic_stress_disorder_symptoms_treatment.htm Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Information about methods of self-help

Online resource hub

Government online reasources
http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Post_traumatic_stress_disorder Preventing bipolar relapse with web therapy (Jones, 2013) Trauma that leaves some people unable to function.

Physiological damage is not new, history tells of "shell shock" and "hauntings" which can be attributed to what is now medically recognised as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

Nobody knows why PTSD is experienced by some of the population after trauma.

The included link is a personal reccolection of experiecing PTSD. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/defence/9755269/Life-on-Civvy-Street-Post-Traumatic-Stress-Disorder.html Recovery for Depression Headspace. (2011). Anxiety. Retrieved from http://www.headspace.org.au/is-it-just-me/find-information/anxiety.

Headspace. (2011). Depression. Retrieved from http://www.headspace.org.au/is-it-just-me/find-information/depression.


Jones, S. P. (2013, May 5th). Preventing Bipolar relapse with web therapy. Retrieved May 9th, 2013, from BBC News Health: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-22384552

Kron, John. (2002). Anxiety Disorder. The Journal of Complementary Medicine. Vol. 1, No. 1, July/Aug 2002: 20-24.

Mental Health . Elizabeth Garner, 2013.





postpartum depression recovery. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.postpartumprogress.com/60-postpartum-depression-survivors-i-knew-i-was-getting-better-when/feeling-good



Sane Australia. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.sane.org/information/factsheets-podcasts/178-depression

Smith, M.,Robinson, L., & Segal, J. (2013). Anxiety treatment. Retrieved from http://www.helpguide.org/mental/anxiety_types_symptoms_treatment.htm

Smith, M. M., & Segal, J. P. (2012, December). Bipolar Disorder - signs & symptoms. Retrieved May 8th, 2013, from HelpGuide.org: http://www.helpguide.org/mental/bipolar_disorder_symptoms_treatment.htm References Being self-critical.
Feelings of unhappiness and numbness.
Feeling worried or tense.
Lose of interest in activities once enojyed.
Lack of energy and motivation.
Sleeping problems.
Dark and gloomy thoughts (can include thoughts of suicide or self-harm). How is Depression treated? The three most common forms of treatment are:

Medications - Help restore the chemical balance in
the brain and control symptoms.
Individual therapy - A health professional talks with
the patient individually to discuss the illness.
Community support programs - Provides services in a
communal environment to help rehabilitate. References Recovery from Depression is different for everyone (Youth Beyond Blue 2012).
Common feelings on the way to recovery are: shock, denial, despair/anger, acceptance and coping.

Mild depression can be helped with healthy sleeping patterns, nutrition and planning. Serious depression requires medical help (Better Health 2012). Support for Depression Speaking to a trusted friend, family member or
counselor/teacher is a important first step for
alot of sufferers. A general practitioner is
normally the next step.

Online help is available at:
Beyond Blue - www.beyondblue.org.au
Headspace - www.headspace.org.au
Sane Australia - www.sane.org (1800 18 7263)
Lifeline - www.lifeline.org.au (13 11 14) image source - http://out-of-the-ashes.blogspot.com.au/2010/08/depression-in-gay-men.html image source - http://theconversation.com/explainer-what-is-depression-11447 image source - http://www.postpartumprogress.com/60-postpartum-depression-survivors-i-knew-i-was-getting-better-when/feeling-good image source - http://www.alldepressiontips.com/depression-treatment/how-to-find-support-groups-for-depression/ ("Mental Health") Featured ‘tweets’ from www.twitter.com image source http:www.rcpsych.ac.uk References Smith, M. M., & Segal, J.P (2012 December). Post Traumatic Stress Disorder-signs, symptoms and self help for PTSD. Retrieved May 6th, from HelpGuide.org: http://www.helpguide.org/mental/post_traumatic_stress_disorder_symptoms_treatment.htm

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
BBC Worldwide (2013) Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, The Why Factor. [podcast] 2nd March. Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/podcasts/series/whyfactor/all [Accessed: 2nd March 2013].


The importance of a depression support group. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.alldepressiontips.com/depression-treatment/how-to-find-support-groups-for-depression/

Twitter. {2013}
www.twitter.com Accsessed: 1st March 2013

Van Der Well, S. (2013). Depression is more than the experience of sadness or stress. Retrieved from http://theconversation.com/explainer-what-is-depression-11447


Youth Beyond Blue. (2012). Recovery from Depression and anxiety. Retrieved from http://www.youthbeyondblue.com/factsheets-and-info/fact-sheet-11-recovering-from-depression-and-anxiety/ The Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013) states that "in 2007, 45% of Australians aged 16-85 years, (or 7.3 million people), had at some point in their lifetime experienced a mental disorder". 11.17 PROPORTION OF PEOPLE AGED 16-85 WITH A MENTAL DISORDER(a) 2007 Image source - http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/1301.0Chapter11082009%E2%80%9310
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