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Transcript of The 1920's
April 16, 1889- December 25, 1977 The 18th amendment goes into effect in late October of 1919, prohibiting the making, selling, possesion and consumpition of alcoholic beverages. (This amendment is repealed in 1933) American socialist party nominates Eugene V. Debs for president while he was in jail for conspiracy charges. He is the first nominee to run for president in jail.
1916 Albert Fall was responsible for the Teapot Dome Scandal in which he secretly leased naval oil reserves at Teapot Dome, Wyoming to private companies in return for no-interest, noncollateral "loans".
1922-1923 In 1928, the Republicans nominated Herbert Hoover. Almost immediatly after his election the stock market crashed in 1929. His policies to cope with these events proved ineffectual and Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected soon after. Flapper Dresses for Women The Automobile was at its peak, with Henry Ford leading the booming industry. Roads began to deteriorate after the sudden change from the horse to the automobile. Increased wages and decreased prices on cars ment more people could afford to see the world. Trains and ocean liners were the dominant mass transportation methods. Ocean Liners were symbols of modern technology, wealth, and national pride. During the 1800's and the early 1900's there were amazing science breakthroughs. And that took its toll in the 1920's as the church rapidly began loosing its power. The clash of religion and science was a huge conflict in cities. People who still fully supported the church and its beliefs started attacking (emotionally and phisically) people who switched over to supporting science. Many friends and even families were torn apart by what (or what they didn't) support or belive. This was the start of the Catholic private school. In catholic schools children were taught that God was all knowing and all powerful. They were not taught science or anything else that went against the Church. If a child was to question a belief of the church they were severly punished. Unlike today, you couldn't be Christian and still support some science. You either supported the Church or you didn't. You couldn't be "on the fence." Classes became more student driven. The classes came to have less lectures and more debates and discussions. This concept defined the 1920's as the Progressive Era. The 1920's had one of the highest graduation rates in the 1900's while the 1930's had the lowest graduation rate. Joseph Jefferson Jackson
"Shoeless Joe Jackson"
July 16, 1888- December 5, 1951
In 1921, Shoeless Joe Jackson was banned from baseball due to his alleged involvement in the Black Sox scandel of 1919. F. Scott Fitzgerald
September 24, 1896- December 21, 1940
Famous for his classic novels and short stories like "The Great Gatsby" 1925 (which is now required reading in most high schools) Alice Hamilton
February 27, 1869- September 22, 1970
Improved work place conditions and added protocals to prevent injury and poisoning from common workplace chemicals, such as lead and benzene. Top Movies of the 1920's
"Flesh and Blood"
"The Gold Rush"
"The Duchess of Buffalo"
"The Unholy Three"
"The Penalty Top Five Musicians of the 1920's
Louis Armstrong (known as one of the most influentual people in jazz; known as Satchmo)
King Oliver (known as the King of Jazz)
Jack Teagarden Known as the Jazz age because is was the most popular time that jazz was played. Top Five songs of the 1920's
"Swanee" -Al Johnson
"West End Blues" -Louis Armstrong
"Rhapsody in Blue" -Paul Whiteman featuring George Gershwin
"Ain't Misbehavin'" -Fats Waller/ Louis Armstrong
"T for Texas (Blue Yodel #1)" - Jimmy Rodgers The Influenza ended in 1920. Medical Breakthroughs of the 1920's
Discovery of various vitamens
Typhus Work and Research
Discovery of Insulin
Realizing that gas exchanges between the lungs is a normal diffusions In 1920 Dr. Frederick Banting of the University of Toronto had an idea that would solve the dreaded diabetes disorder. Previous to this, a diagnosis of diabetes meant slowly wasting away to a certain death. Fred Banting and his colleague Charles Best were able to make a pancreatic extract which had anti-diabetic qualities which they successfully tested on diabetic dogs. Soon an entire research team was working on the production and purification of insulin. Other researchers assisted the discoverers to purify insulin for use on diabetic patients and the first tests were conducted on 14 year old Leonard Thompson early in January 1922. Following the publicity of the success of these tests there was a huge world-wide demand for insulin with some sufferers who were near death being saved. These were a spectacular success. Word of this spread quickly around the world giving immediate hope to many diabetic persons who were near death. A frenzied quest for insulin followed. Some patients in a diabetic coma made miraculous recoveries. Treaties were issued to prevent another world war. We did not sign treaties with Germany or Japan. Disarmament was a major political issue in the early 1920's and delegates from all the major combatants of the war met to try and agree on a reduction in weapons. Albert Einstein wins the Nobel prize in Physics in 1921 for his research on the theory of reletivity. The universe and particularly our solar system revealed some of its secrets to astronomers and scientists. Mankinds understanding of the minature world of atomic and sub-atomic particles increased enormously. In 1927 President Coolidge signed into existence the new Radio Control Bill, which controled the amount of stations that could brodcast and when and when they could not broadcast. Work Cited