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Inventions timeline

By Sophia Fitzgerald and Alison Eppley
by

Alison Eppley

on 23 January 2014

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Transcript of Inventions timeline

Isaac Singer was the New Yorker that invented the sewing machine. Once Isaac changed his design from a circular motion to a straight one, these machines were fast and easy to use. Mass production was the next step for these sewing machines. Thousands begun to be produced each year. Sewing machines stitch thread very quickly, increasing fabric production as well. Sewing machines also boosted the amount of at home sewing with machines being as little as $10.
1863
The revolver was invented by Samuel Colt. It was named revolver because it has a revolving cylinder. Revolvers were commonly used in the Civil War. Though the revolver was a revolutionary invention, it causes much death. Samuel Colt was born in Hartford, CT. Samuel did get an education in his early years.
1851
1852
Elisha Graves Otis invented the elevator. What is special about this elevator is its brakes. This allowed taller buildings in big cities. That allowed for more jobs in these buildings. Elevators seem like a small thing but they are more important than one might think. They helped raise the economy by allowing more jobs. Elisha was born in Vermont and suffered from pneumonia.
Invention Timeline
1853
From England, the Westminster University graduate George Cayley invented the manned glider. George was the discoverer of the four principals of flight. His works led to modern airplanes. The manned glider had kite-like wings and worked like most modern air crafts.
1855
The Bessemer Process was created by Henry Bessemer. It was the first inexpensive industrial process for steel. This process was also used in Europe for 100's of year, but not on a industrial scale. This key principle of this process was removing impurities from the iron by oxidation. The heat from the oxidation also helps keep the iron molten. Bessemer was born in the United Kingdom.
1861
There is controversy over whether France's Pierre Michaux or his son created the bicycle pedal but the most common theory is Pierre. When you push a bike's pedals it causes it's wheels to turn, propelling the invention forward. The invention made short distance travel faster especially since cars had yet to be invented. Also, bikes are a great way to get exercise.
1866
Dynamite was created by Alfred Nobel. He created a blasting cap that allowed you to ignite it by lighting a fuse. This blasting cap made dynamite safer to use though it still wasn't completley safe.. Alfred is a European. He was born in Sweden. He established United States Blasting Oil Co.
1866
The transatlantic telegraph was not invented but was completed by American Cyrus West Field. Field's telegraph wires running overseas caused for quicker communication between nations and also between different regions of the US. Telegraphs send Morse code messages from one person to another.
1873
Barbed wire was invented by Joseph Glidden. Glidden's method helped to lock the wire in place. He also invented the machinery that could mass-produce barbed wire. Glidden was born in Charleston, NH but was from English decent.
1876
1876
The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham bell. The telephone was the first device that could transmit speech electronically. This was a very big invention for Americans and everyone. The closest thing to long distance communication was the telegraph but that didn't allow speech. Alexander Graham Bell was born in the United Kingdom. He had a very good education. He went to the University of London and the University of Edinburgh.
1880
The lightbulb and direct current are very important inventions. Lightbulbs allows light to show in darkness. They light your house and school. Direct currents were a way to move electricity. These inventions were invented by Thomas Edison. Thomas Edison was born in Ohio.
The Internal Combustion Engine was invented by Nikolaus August Otto, a German inventor. Combustion engines are used by mechanical energy. Combustion engines helped with the invention of cars and are used in many transportation units.
1892
1878
The diesel engine was invented by Rudolf Diesel. A diesel engine is a internal combustion engine that used the heat of compression to initiate ignition and burn the fuel that has be placed in the combustion chamber. Rudolf was born in Paris and went to Technical University of Munich.
1895
The motion picture was invented by the Lumiere Brothers. The Lumiere Brothers weren't the first to make an invention of this sort but they did begin the motion picture era. They were born in France. Their names are Auguste and Louis.
Refrigerated Train Cars were a useful invention that allowed food items to be transported longer distances without going bad. The inventor was an American man named Gustavus Swift. Refrigerated cars are metal racks to hang meat and the carts are cooled by ice from the Great Lakes.
1908
The Model T was invented by Henry Ford. This was the first automobile. This invention has helped people since the day it was invented. It allows people to get places more quickly and efficiently. It helps people go to work and school. Henry Ford was born in Michigan and went to Detroit Business Institute. He also is the founder of Ford Motor Company.
1888
The Induction Electric Motor was created by Nikola Tesla. Tesla was a Croatian man who attended Higher Real Gymnasium, here he excelled in school. The Induction Electric Motor changed society by creating a boost in electricity usage.
1893
George Westinghouse is a New Yorker who invented the alternating current. He attended Union College for only one semester. Alternating currents work by changing waves. They provided a change in society by supplying houses and businesses with electricity.
1903
North Carolina's Orville and Wilbur Wright were the inventors of the first successful airplane. Neither brother ever had a high school diploma. Airplanes stay in flight due to the four forces of flight. Airplanes have changed society because they cause people and goods to be transported over vast distances in a timely manner.
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