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1. Rather than focus on the end result focus on the process of learning instead.
2. Use live methods that will require the students to take information they already know and rediscovering or reconstructing.
3. Have group activities as well as individual work so students can learn from one another.
4. Present the students with situations that present problems that are useful.
5. Evaluate each child's development so tasks that are suitable for them can be set. Jean Piaget was a developmental psychologist who was born in 1896. He was most famous for his theory of cognitive development. His idea was that children are not capable of reasoning like adults do and that their minds grow gradually. Developmental Stages Birth to 2 years: Infants think and act by using their senses. As a result, they can solve problems using their senses such as finding an object, pulling a lever on a toy to hear a sound, etc.
2 to 7 years: Children use their sensor motor skills from the earlier years. They use this information to put on plays and to develop their language.
7 to 11 years: Students way of thinking becomes more logical. They begin to realize that play dough remains the same even after its appearance changes but their thinking still falls short of the intelligence of an adult.
11 through adulthood: Adolescents are able to evaluate problems without having to experience real life circumstances. They are able to form a hypothesis and come up with an end result. Jean Piaget's Cognitive Theory An activity that can be introduced to students that is based on Jean Piaget's cognitive theory is having them operate a store. Children can learn about different operations that go on in a small business by setting up their own store in the classroom. Students can use school supplies, books, etc. for inventory which can be sold to other students in the classroom by other students. Teachers can give different roles to the students such as assigning a student to order supplies, one to monitor inventory, someone to balance funds from the inventory sold and other roles that are played when operating a small business. Each student can switch roles so they will be able to experience what each job entitles. The skills that are used for this activity would be mathematics, communication, cooperation, etc. Conclusion Social/Emotional Development By: Kristin Jarvis, Tina Feagle, and Meagan Boisse Jean Piaget's theory states the different developmental stages from which the infant, and then the child develops into an adult who can think using hypotheses and reasoning. He believed that children construct an understanding of the world around them and then they experience different things from what they are discovering in their environment and what they already know. References Lisa Mooney. Demand Media Inc. 2013. Referenced by: http://www.ehow.com/info_8094261_classroom-piagets-theory-cognitive-development.html
Saul. McLeod. 2009. Referenced by: http://www.simplypsychology.org/piaget.html
Cartoon picture from: DocStoc. 2011. Referenced by: http://www.docstoc.com/docs/128988107/Theories-of-Cognitive-Development
(Berk, pg. 19)
Berk, L. E. (2012). Infants, children, and adolescents (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon. Jean Piaget based his theory on the theory that children do not have the same thinking as adults do. As children develop from infant to adults they progress through schemas or mental structures. He concluded that children actively construct their own understanding of the world through things they view in their environment. He believed that children's development of thinking and language develops in stages. With guidance, our students will learn how to interact with each other while play both together and parallel with one another. This activity will also help with emotional development because our students will use kind words when playing. As well as learn to use our manners; such as please and thank you. The learning theory for this portion of the activity is constructisim/behaviorism. Cognitive Development When operating a store our students will count money, read words on food items as well as look at the pictures, helping with memory, they will work on problem solving skill as well as decision making. The learning theory for this portion of the activity will be cognitivism. Physical Development When operating a store we are encouraging both fine motor and gross motor skills. Our students will walk around, push buggies, carry groceries, sweeping, and even putting groceries into bags. The learning theory for this portion of the activity is constructivism. Skills Shown to Operate a Store