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Middle Years Learning Issues
Transcript of Middle Years Learning Issues
1. Engaging - Engaged, focused and achieving adolescents
2. Enrichment - Effective curriculum, teaching and organisational practices
3. Support - Genuine partnerships and long-term support
(Australian Education Union, 2001) What is middle schooling? Middle schooling is the term used for formal education that is responsive and appropriate to the developmental needs of young adolescents. This includes children between the ages of 10 to 14 (grades 4 to 9).
During this time middle years students are experiencing dramatic changes within their development.
(Carrington, 2006) Middle Years Learning Issues Ever wondered why your middle years child is being disengaged at school and provide many behaviour issues for both yourself and for teachers? What specific changes should be implemented? Middle years students develop a distinctive set of needs, and are therefore in need of appropriate educational programs within the school (Australian Education Union, 2001).
Are the schooling practices and principles at our school catering for the young adolescents in order to create an engaging and supportive environment? Creating a supportive environment for our middle years students. There are many ways we can work TOGETHER to create an environment where the students are engaged and interested in their learning.
As teachers in middle schooling we are committed to engaging and supporting our middle years’ students in ways that inspire them to achieve their best possible learning outcomes and develop confidence, resilience and a love of learning.
It is our job together to create a SUPPORTIVE AND CARING environment for our middle years students though creating trustful relationships. Do you still have questions and concerns? Middle years students arise many issues that are not easy to understand or control, but with the help of the school and yourself we can help address these issues and implement practices in the school. Need answers to middle years issues? Middle Years What specific changes should be implemented? In order to get our middle years students engaged in their leaning and therefore prevent learning issues, each classroom within the school will work towards STUDENT-CENTERED, active, authentic, experiential, democratic, collaborative, and yet rigorous and challenging environments that will keep the students INTERESTED. This type of learning and teaching is INQUIRY-BASED and involves the students doing the learning together with the teacher.
(Australian Education Union, 2001) What are the key learning issues for middle years students? A major issue for middle years students is DISENGAGEMENT in the classroom. If the learning is not relevant to their lives and they are not interested in the learning, this causes DISENGAGEMENT. How can you help? You need to BELIEVE in them! As they are becoming more dependent on peer approval and adult/parent approval decreases in importance, they still VALUE your recognition. Focus on celebrating their victories and accomplishments. Care about what they are doing and ask about their efforts. Make the effort to GET INVOLVED in what they are interested in!
Offer a sustained, supportive atmosphere that communicates clear expectations and boundaries. Ultimately give them choices. But make sure you provide your choices carefully. DISENGAGED MISBEHAVE DON'T UNDERSTAND Have you tried many times to attempt to UNDERSTAND the ways your middle years child thinks and acts?
Ever thought, what changes can I make to meet the learning needs of my middle years child at the school? Your child is going through changes Intellectual and Moral Development Physical Development Social, Emotional and Psychological Development Dramatic Changes
and Development Bored Disruptive Misbehaved Attention Seeking Not Listening When middle years students are disengaged they tend to MISBEHAVE. Can you identify with the characteristics of behaviour issues often come across in the middle years classroom at our school? Reasons behind the major issue of disengagement, result from the lack of BELONGINGNESS and the feeling of being cared for. This strong need to belong can help develop goals and values, and students will be MOTIVATED to engage in classroom activities if they believe that teachers care about them (Wentzel, 1997).
On top of this it is important to create SUPPORTIVE and CARING classroom environments that build TRUST RELATIONSHIPS that is a critical factor that motivates middle years students to be engaged within the classroom learning (Wentzel, 1997). SUPPORTIVE AND CARING TRUST RELATIONSHIPS BELONGINGNESS MOTIVATION References: Australian Education Union. (2001). What might the jury be considering? Middle Schooling for the Middle Years. Retrieved from http://www.aeufederal.org.au/Publications/2001/Middleschooling.pdf
Carrington, V. (2006). Middle years provision in Australia. Rethinking the Middle Years: Early Adolescents, Schooling and Digital Culture, 87-105. Retrieved from Queensland University of Technology Course Material Database.
Wentzel, K. R. (1997). Student motivation in middle school: The role of perceived pedagogical caring. Journal of Educational Psychology, 89 (3), 411-419. doi: 10.1037/0022-06220.127.116.111
131mtc (December 7th, 2011). Teaching Inquiry Learning [YouTube Clip]. Retrieved from
pocketlodge (May 2nd, 2011). Why I Flipped My Classroom [YouTube Clip]. Retrieved from Other Learning Issues Disengagement can also arise other issues concerning our middle years students such as:
INTELLECTUAL issues as they are in a transition from concrete thinking to abstract thinking and therefore are not benefiting from the learning if they are disengaged
They prefer active learning over passive learning so disengagement results in lack of MOTIVATION
They are intellectually curious about the world and themselves, so being disengaged doesn't fulfill their understanding
(Characteristics of Middle Years Students, n.d.) How to Get Involved and Interested in Your Child's Learning Value Their Education Twice a term each middle years classroom is going to hold a 'Recognition Night'. Here, teachers, student and parents will be offered a night to come along and hear the great achievements and efforts done in class by your child. It is up to the students to invite you along and show you something that they are proud of. This gives them ownership and engagement in their learning. Your Role Recognise Their Learning It is your choice to show interest and recognition of their work and to provide your child with the encouragement and value they are looking for. Parent support within the school is a major positive influence in providing student engagement. We want to continue to improve communication with parents about student progress and commitment! Get involved . Disengagement in the classroom not only results in issues of misbehaviour but affects:
Their LEARNING LEVEL causing a lack of knowledge and low-level of learning
May affect their TRUANCY as they don't want to be at school cause they aren't interested in learning
RELATIONSHIPS formed throughout school both with the teacher and peers
School no longer being a safe and supportive environment when the students need it the most This is where you can help! Other Learning Issues Another issue that comes from disengagement is that of SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE. As part of social development, middle years students overreact to redicule, embarrassment and rejection. They feed off peer views and are therefore socially vulnerable and compromise their own ideas and beliefs.
(Characteristics of Middle Years Students, n.d.) Other Learning Issues As a parent of a middle years student COME SEE US! ? ?