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World History Since 1945 p4

Will Sexton

on 8 April 2013

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Transcript of Uganda

U anda "For God and My Country" Africa Uganda Capital: Kampala
Population: 34,758,809
Size: 241,038 sq. km
Official Languages: English/Swahili
Currency: Ugandan shilling Early History Earliest human activity 50,000 - 100,000 years ago
Hunter-Gatherers tribes
400 B.C. Bantu-speaking agricultural tribes begin to move in
Experts in iron smelting/forging Bunyoro Kingdom Lake Albert Established: early 15th century
Semi-divine king
Controlled most of Great Lakes region
Experts in iron crafting and salt production
Trade ivory to Arab merchants in exchange for firearms and fabrics Kampala Buganda Kingdom Lake Victoria Unified in the 14th century
Largest and most powerful kingdom
Producers of cotton and coffee
Rule eastern and northern Uganda
Powerful military and effective farming techniques Early 1800's: "Ivory frontier" moves east
Brings more Arab traders to the area
1862: John Hanning Speke and James Grant arrive
British explorers, first Europeans to make contact
Searching for source of Nile River
Britain sends Samuel Baker to bring Bunyoro under Egyptian control
Plan fails (1870), begins war between Bunyoro and Buganda Colonized Rich soil and precious metals attract colonial powers
1888: Britain lays claim to Uganda
Places under the British East Africa Company
1896: Becomes a British "protectorate"
Late 1890's: Ugandan Railway
32,000 Indian laborers brought to East Africa
Millions of Pounds poured into construction
Nicknamed "Lunatic Express"
Boarders finalized in 1916
Oct. 9th, 1962: Non-violent fight for independence successful
Remains part of British Commonwealth European Contact Early Independence 1962: UPC's Milton Obote elected Prime Minister
Disagreement with Buganda kingdom
Monarchies outlawed throughout the country
1967: Obote declares himself President
Leads military coup against his own party Independent Uganda Uganda People's Congress Kabaka Yekka Democratic Party Three Major Parties Emerge Left-wing
Founded in 1960 by Milton Obote
Temporarily ally with KY Represent Uganda's Catholics
Largest Party
Forced out of existence from 1971-1980 Monarchist
Represented Buganda's Kabaka (king)
Temporarly ally with UPC to overpower DP Amin's Rise 1971: Obote's loses all support, even military
Orders the arrest of General Idi Amin Dada
Amin is informed, leads successful military coup
Jan. 25th, 1971: Amin marches into Kampala
Executes all soldiers suspected to be Obote loyalists
Obote exiled to Tanzania Seizing Power Fall Foreign Relations 1971-1979: Idi Amin's Reign of Terror Field Marshal Alhaji Dr. Idi Amin Dada, VC, DSO, MC, CBE 1925?-Aug 3rd, 2003 Early Promises Frees political prisoners
Reinstates kingdoms
Promises free and democratic elections
Appeals to poor laborers and tribal villages Attempts to purge the country of Obote supporters
Orders mass execution of Lango & Acholi tribes
Feb. 2 1971: Amin declares himself President for life
Executes political rivals
20,000 refugees flee the country Terror Continues Amin orders thousands of executions
1972: Expels 60,000 Asians for Uganda
Ruins economy
Increases military size and spending
Creates secret police to hunt and execute rivals
Villages put under appointed warlord control
Citizens live in constant fear Flip-flops with foreign allies
Breaks ties with UK
Receives initial support from Israel
Later befriends M. Gaddafi of Libya and the Soviet Union
1976: Harbors Palestinian airplane hijackers
Military buildup worries other African nations 1978: Troops begin to mutiny
All public support disappears
Jan. 1979: Amin declares war on Tanzania
Receives Libyan support
April 1979: Kampala overrun
Amin flees to Libya, then Saudi Arabia
Leaves 300,000 Ugandans dead After Amin Modern Uganda Civil War 1982: Obote returns to power
Murder/destruction continues
1986: National Resistance Movement takes over
Yoweri Museveni appointed President
Traditional kingdoms restored
Uganda begins recovery Museveni remains President
Involvement in Congo's civil war and Rwandan genocide
6.5% HIV/AIDS infection rate
24.5% living below poverty line
Political movement toward outlawing homosexuality 1986: Christian radical groups begin rebellion
Lord's Resistance Army
Only remaining rebel group
Lead by Joesph Kony
Based in northern Uganda/southern Sudan
Kidnapped children serve as soldiers and sex slaves
Hope to establish theocracy based on Ten Commandments
2012: viral video leads to public outcry (and jokes) against Kony Resources
"Facts and History." Visituganda.com. Tourism Uganda, Web. 02 Apr. 2013.
Idi Amin Data Autobiograhy- Uganda Discovery. YouTube, 16 June 2011. Web. 03 Apr. 2013.
Kaufman, Michael T. "Idi Amin, Murderous and Erratic Ruler of Uganda in the 70's, Dies in Exile." Nytimes.com. The New York Times, 17 Aug. 2003. Web. 02 Apr. 2013.
The Last King of Scotland. Dir. Kevin Macdonald. Perf. Forest Whitaker and James McAvoy. Fox Searchlight, 2006. DVD.
"Uganda." CIA. Central Intelligence Agency, Web. 01 Apr. 2013.
"Uganda Profile." BBCNews.com. BBC, 11 Apr. 2012. Web. 01 Apr. 2013.
"Uganda Timeline." Timeforkids.com. Time Magazine, Web. 01 Apr. 2013. By: William Sexton
Full transcript