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FRANCE

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Asraa Hashmi

on 7 November 2015

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Transcript of FRANCE

The Hair Dryer:
French hairstylist Alexandre Godefoy invented the first hair dryer in 1888.
The Hot-air Balloon:
Joseph-Michel and Jaques-Etienne Montgolfier invented the first successful hot air balloon, on September 10th, 1783. It lasted 10 minutes.
Etch-a-Sketch:
André Cassagnes, a French inventor, electrical technician, toymaker, and kite designer invented our favorite childhood toy in the late 1950's.
Camera Phone:
Phillipe Kahn invented it in 1997.
Smart Card:
Roland Moreno made it in 1974 after the automated chip card.
The Stethoscope:
The French physician René Laennec invented the stethoscope at a hospital in Paris in 1816.
Mayonnaise:
It was invented by Duke de Richelieu's chef by whipping up oil and eggs into a sauce named “mahonnaise” after its place of origin in 1756.
In France, you can marry a dead person.
WHEN IN FRANCE
PLACES TO VISIT
1. PARIS
2. FRENCH RIVIERA
3. MONT SAINT-MICHEL
4. BORDEUX
5. LOIRE VALLEY
6. BIARRITZ
7. ARLES
8. STRASBOURG
9. LYON
10. MARSEILLE
There are various museums to admire the valuable and distinctive culture and art of France. These museums are enriched with historical knowledge. The top three are:

MONUMENTS,
buildings and gardens
1. EIFFEL TOWER:
PARIS
tHINGS TO DO IN
FRANCE.
Besides tourism and learning about the French culture, which are definite things to do in France. There are a number of things you can do.
THERE'S A LOT TO SEE.
There are uncountable places to see like:
Palaces, museums and gardens.
Paris. The city of love and light.
Buildings of world class art and architecture.
Various mountain ranges and islands.
Beaches and resorts. Few of them are places rich in legend and history.
Significant monuments.
All these places are worth visiting, most of which I'll be discussing.

France is ranked as the number one tourist destination with getting over 83 million tourists a year.
THE TOP MOST VISTED PLACES ARE:
Musée du Louvre:

Most visited museum in the world.
Building itself is a masterpiece.
Displays over 300,000 paintings.
Most famous being the Venus de Milo and the Mona Lisa.
Flag map of Greater France. (2012, December 8). Retrieved September 16, 2015, from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c1/Flag_map_of_Greater_France.png/571px-Flag_map_of_Greater_France.png

FRANCE FLAGS MAPS:
APA REFERENCING
10 Best Places To Visit In France. (2013). Retrieved September 16, 2015, from http://www.touropia.com/best-places-to-visit-in-france/
MUSEUMS
IMAGES:
SOURCES OF INFORMATION:
PLACES TO VISIT:
EIFFEL TOWER PNG:
Vogue Fashion's Night Out 2012. (2012). Retrieved September 16, 2015, from http://www.patriziapepe.com/vfno/image/bg_parigi.png
BLACK:
PINK:
Eiffel Tower Clipart. (2012, June 2). Retrieved September 16, 2015, from http://www.clker.com/cliparts/F/2/4/O/T/O/eiffel-tower-md.png
ARC DE TRIOMPHE PNG:
Arc De Triomphe. (n.d.). Retrieved September 16, 2015, from http://res.freestockphotos.biz/pictures/2/2913-illustration-of-the-arc-de-triomphe-pv.png
Centre Pompidou:

Displays epidome of high-tech art.
Has a skeleton of colorful pipes which are appealing to the eye.
Holds more than 40,000 pieces of artwork and the assortment is vast.
LE LOUVRE:
TOP 7 MUSEUMS TO VISIT IN FRANCE. (2012, May 7). Retrieved September 16, 2015, from http://madamenoire.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Musee-du-Louvre.jpg
MUSEUMS:

TOP 7 MUSEUMS TO VISIT IN FRANCE. (2012, May 7). Retrieved September 16, 2015, from http://madamenoire.com/168624/top-7-museums-to-visit-in-france/
WHY IS FRANCE
SUCH A POPULAR COUNTRY?
France is known for many things honestly.
Ranging from branded shopping stores to cars.
The home to the Eiffel tower.
Delicious gourmet food.
Beautiful monuments.
Famous French people who tourist come to learn about.
An absolutely beautiful country that has a lot to give to the tourists.
CENTRE POMPIDOU:

TOP 7 MUSEUMS TO VISIT IN FRANCE. (2012, May 7). Retrieved September 16, 2015, from http://madamenoire.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Centre-Pompidou.jpg
Musée d’Orsay:
Once a former railway station.
Now one of France’s most prized museums.
Best known for French art that dates all the way back to 1848.
Holds artforms from photography to sculptures, paintings and even old-world furniture.
MUSEE D'ORSAY:


TOP 7 MUSEUMS TO VISIT IN FRANCE. (2012, May 7). Retrieved September 16, 2015, from http://madamenoire.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Musee-dOrsay.jpg
PALACES
Palaces are known not only because of their royal significance, but also because they give an insight into the history and lifestyle of former rulers. Not to mention that they are vast and breath-taking altogether. Here are a few.
Palace of Versailles:

Housed the French government's royalty, during the reigns of Louis XIV, Louis XV and Louis XVI.
After the French Revolution in 1789, it ceased to be a permanent royal residence.
Located about 10 miles (16 kilometers) southwest of Paris, it is beside the settlement of Versailles.
VERSAILLES PALACE:
Palace of Versailles: Facts & History. (2013, August 14). Retrieved September 16, 2015, from http://i.livescience.com/images/i/000/055/816/i02/versailles-palace.jpg?1376521764
Château de Maisons (Château de Maisons-Laffitte):

Designed by François Mansart from 1630 to 1651,
A prime example of French baroque architecture, which is a fine type of architecture.
A reference point in the history of French architecture.
CHATEAU DE MAISONS:
Palais de L'Élysée:

Official residence of the President of the French Republic since 1848.
Dating back to the early 18th century,
Contains the office of the President and the meeting place of the Council of Ministers.
Located near the Champs-Élysées.
PALACES:
Top Paris Palaces. (n.d.). Retrieved September 16, 2015, from http://www.paris-architecture.info/TEN/TEN-Palaces.htm
Château de Maisons-Laffitte 001. (2012, March 27). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/52/Château_de_Maisons-Laffitte_001.jpg/800px-Château_de_Maisons-Laffitte_001.jpg
PALAIS D' ELYSEE:
Paris - palais de l'Élysée - cour 05. (2012, July 31). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0d/Paris_-_palais_de_l'Élysée_-_cour_05.JPG/800px-Paris_-_palais_de_l'Élysée_-_cour_05.JPG
France is the home to one of the most popular monuments of the world.
Again, the monuments also have a very beautiful, unique, and distinctive architecture and the gardens are beautiul.
INVENTORS AND
INVENtIONS
There are a lot of things that we use in our daily life and had no idea were French inventions.
INVENTIONS:

List of French Inventions and discoveries. (2012, October 14). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:List_of_French_inventions_and_discoveries
MOUNTAINS, BEACHES
AND RESORTS

INTERESTING FACTS
Chanel, a highly name brand store, is a French company so when in France, shopping is something to do.
Besides shopping, the delicacy of France is very popular.
Along with the gourmet food, snails are eaten by the French. You could always try these delicacies.
The cheese and champagne of France are also very famous. Visit the factories and see how they are made.
The weather of France is great throughout the year so just taking a stroll in the park would also be great thing to do when visiting France.
You could admire the architecture.
BY: ASRAA HASHMI
LOUVRE
POMPIDOU
ORSAY
VERSAILLES
CHATEAU DE MAISONS
PALAIS DE L'ÉLYSEE
France once controlled more than 8% of the world's land.
Paris was originally a Roman city called "Lutetia".
The French government gives medals to citizens who have "successfully raised several children with dignity".
There's a Coffee Shop in France where not saying "hello" and "please" makes your coffee more expensive.
From 1814 to 1830, the flag of the Kingdom of France was plain white.
Tour de France, an annual multiple stage bicycle race is primarily held in France.
INTERESING FACTS:
France Facts: 31 Facts about France ←FACTSlides→. (2013). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://www.factslides.com/s-France
TOUR DE FRANCE PNG:
Tour de France. (2013, April 16). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/e/eb/Tour_de_France_logo.svg/176px-Tour_de_France_logo.svg.png
DEAD PERSON MARRIAGE:
France Facts: 31 Facts about France. (n.d.). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://www.factslides.com/imgs/Marry-Dead.jpg
The world-famous metallic tower was built for the Paris International Exhibition in 1889.
2. NOTRE-DAME (OUR LADY):
A jewel of Gothic architecture.
One of the finest churches in Europe.
Built in the Middle-Ages.
3. ARC DE TRIOMPHE:
Monumental triumphal arch.
Sits at the top of the Avenue des Champs-Élysées.
Built in honour of the French Imperial army of Napoleon.
4. JARDIN DU LUXEMBOURG:
Luxembourg Garden.
Located in the 6th arrondissement of Paris.
Created in 1612 by Marie de' Medici,
5. GARDENS OF VERSAILLES:
Occupy part of what was once the Domaine royal de Versailles.
Situated to the west of the palace.
Cover some 800 hectares of land, much of which
Classic French Garden style perfected here by André Le Nôtre.
CITY OF LIGHTS
Over 296 illuminated sites in Paris covering hotels, churches, statues, fountains and national buildings and monuments.
WHY PARIS IS KNOWN AS THE CITY OF LIGHTS?
Takes 40 km of illuminated garlands made up of 20,000 sparkling light bulbs to light up the Eiffel Tower.
Paris’ reputation as the “City of Lights” is because of its position as the intellectual centre during the Age of Enlightenment.

Was the birthplace of the Age of Enlightenment and it was famous as a centre of education and ideas throughout Europe.

Paris’ early adoption of street lighting probably also contributed to its “City of Lights” tag.
SEINE RIVER:
MONUMENTS:
Top 10 Most Famous Monuments of Paris. (2014). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://www.frenchmoments.eu/top-10-most-famous-monuments-of-paris/
GARDENS:
Jardin du Luxembourg. (n.d.). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jardin_du_Luxembourg
Gardens of Versailles. (n.d.). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gardens_of_Versailles
PARIS- CITY OF LIGHTS:
Page, H. (2015). Interesting Facts about Paris Lights. Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://www.travelsignposts.com/France/sightseeing/interesting-facts-paris-lights
776-kilometre long river.
Important commercial waterway within the Paris Basin in the north of France.
There is a cruise on this river by day and night for tourists to see Paris while on cruise.
Tour Eiffel, Louvre, Notre-Dame are the sights you get to see ... You will be welcomed by the crew member to see Paris with the stream.
DISNEYLAND PARIS:
SEINE RIVER:
Seine. (2015). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seine
Originally known as Euro Disney Resort,
An entertainment resort in Marne-la-Vallée, a new town located 32 km (20 mi) east of the centre of Paris,
Most visited theme park in all of France and Europe.
Disneyland Park, opened with the resort on April 12, 1992 and is based on Disneyland and the Magic Kingdom.
Walt Disney Studios Park, opened on March 16, 2002 celebrating showbusiness, movies, and behind-the-scene
Disney Village, an entertainment district containing a variety of restaurants, entertainment venues, and shops.
The places included are:
Frontierland
Adventureland
Fantasyland
Discoveryland
DISNEYLAND PARK:
Divided into four parts-
It's a Small World-
Located in Fantasyland.
Takes the visitor ,in a boat, on a musical tour, of the world while multicultural dolls sing the song "It’s a Small World".
Each part of the ride is themed for a different part of the world.


According to the Disneyland Paris website the theme park's top five attractions are:
Big Thunder Mountain-
Located in Frontierland.
Is a “runaway train” through the man-made “sierras of Big Thunder Mountain."
Pirates of the Caribbean-
Located in Adventureland,
Contrary to popular belief, the Pirates of the Caribbean franchise drew inspiration from the ride.
Space Mountain: Mission 2-
Located in the Discoveryland.
A roller coaster like ride that “will blast you on a warp-speed ride into the unknown.
It is a space themed ride.
Here is an animation of how neat the ride is:
Buzz Lightyear Laser Blast-

Located in Discoveryland. It was inspired by the Disney/Pixar movie Toy Story 2.
Visitor sits in a star cruiser and shoots laser beams at targets.
The more targets they hit the more points they earn.
CHAMPS ELYSEES:
DISNEYLAND:
Disneyland Paris. (2011, May 31). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disneyland_Paris
A boulevard in the 8th arrondissement of Paris.
1.9 kilometres long and 70 metres wide.
Runs between the Place de la Concorde and the Place Charles de Gaulle, where the Arc de Triomphe is located.
Famous for its theatres, cafés and luxury shops, and for the military parade that takes place each year on the avenue on 14 July to celebrate Bastille Day.
CHAMPS ELYSEES:
Champs-Élysées. (2012). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Champs-Élysées
MONT BLANC:
French for White Mountain
Highest mountain in the European Union, at 15,781 feet.
Located in the French Alps, very close to the border with Italy.
ÉTRETAT BEACH, NORMANDY:
Most scenic spot on Normandy’s chalky northern coastline, .
Sandwiched between spectacularly eroded cliffs.
With its gingerbread architecture and stately promenade, it oozes Belle-Époque charm.
It offers activities such as paddleboarding.
COURCHEVEL SKI RESORT:
Famous for its glitz and multi-million-euro property prices,
.Situated at one end of the giant Trois Vallées ski area.
Its smartest and most expensive village is Courchevel 1850.
MONT BLANC:
Mont Blanc. (n.d.). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mont_Blanc
SKI RESORT:
Hardy, P. (2014, June 13). Best French ski resorts. Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/snowandski/france/8245579/Best-French-ski-resorts.html
BEACH:
The top 10 beach holidays in France. (2014, July 14). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/hotels/11214504/The-top-10-beach-holidays-in-France.html
Mt. St- Michel
MT. SAINT-MICHEL:
Mont St Michel. (2015). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://www.destination360.com/europe/france/images/s/mont-st-michel.jpg
French Riviera
FRENCH RIVIERA:
Welch, T. (2013, September 19). THE FRENCH RIVIERA’S THREE BEST LUXURY VILLAS. Retrieved September 18, 2015, from http://www.lacurevillas.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Azur15.jpg
FLAG:
French Flag Wallpapers. (2014, November 1). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://wallpapercave.com/french-flag-wallpaper
CASTLE PNG:
Disneyland Paris Castle. (2014). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://images.clipartpanda.com/disneyland-castle-silhouette-5361-disneyland-paris-castle-vector.png
EIFFEL TOWER
NOTRE-DAME
ARC DE TRIOMPHE
GARDENS OF VERSAILLES
JARDIN DU LUXEMBOURG
EIFFEL TOWER:
Top 10 Most Famous Monuments of Paris. (2014). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://www.frenchmoments.eu/wp-content/gallery/paris-eiffel-tower/paris-copyright-french-moments-eiffel-tower-11.jpg
NOTRE-DAME:
Top 10 Most Famous Monuments of Paris. (2014). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://www.frenchmoments.eu/wp-content/gallery/paris-notre-dame/paris-copyright-french-moments-notre-dame-1.jpg
Top 10 Most Famous Monuments of Paris. (2014). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://www.frenchmoments.eu/wp-content/gallery/paris-arc-de-triomphe/arc-de-triomphe-copyright-french-moments-1.jpg
ARC DE TRIOMPHE:
GARDENS OF VERSAILLES:
Vue aérienne du domaine de Versailles le 20 août 2014 par ToucanWings. (2014, November 19). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/5c/Vue_aérienne_du_domaine_de_Versailles_le_20_août_2014_par_ToucanWings_-_Creative_Commons_By_Sa_3.0_-_22.jpg/800px-Vue_aérienne_du_domaine_de_Versailles_le_20_août_2014_par_Touca
LUXEMBOURG GARDEN:
LuxembourgMontparnasse. (2009, August 18). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/92/LuxembourgMontparnasse.JPG/800px-LuxembourgMontparnasse.JPG
ETRETAT BEACH:
The top 10 beach holidays in France. (2015, July 14). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/03139/body_Etretat_3139839b.jpg

MONT BLANC:
Mont Blanc depuis Valmorel. (2013, January 27). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4d/Mont_Blanc_depuis_Valmorel.jpg/800px-Mont_Blanc_depuis_Valmorel.jpg
COURCHEVEL SKI RESORT:
COURCHEVEL, FRANCE. (n.d.). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://www.skiworld.co.uk/images/uploads/photos/large/courchevel-ski-resort_819.jpg
CHANEL STORE:
CHANEL Plans To Add To E-Commerce Store In The Future. (2012, October 26). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://www.upscaleswagger.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/CHANEL-Store-Paris-France.jpg
COOKED SNAILS:
Fischer, J. (2007, August 19). Cookd snails. Retrieved September 17, 2015, from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Cooked_snails.JPG/800px-Cooked_snails.JPG
CITY OF LIGHTS:
Paris 10/2008 Day 8. (2008, October 11). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://www.wired2theworld.com/paris08pyramid2.jpg
Eiffel Tower Lit up at Night. (n.d.). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://images.travelpod.com/tw_slides/ta01/49b/0e8/e-eiffel-tower-lit-up-at-night-paris.jpg
Interesting Facts about Paris Lights. (2015). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://i2.wp.com/www.travelsignposts.com/France/files/2009/12/Fr_0782.jpg
CHAMPS ELYSEES:
Avenue des Champs-Élysées July 24, 2009 N1. (2009, July 24). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6d/Avenue_des_Champs-Élysées_July_24,_2009_N1.jpg/800px-Avenue_des_Champs-Élysées_July_24,_2009_N1.jpg
SEINE RIVER:
Paris and Beyond. (2015). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://vacationstation.nytogroup.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/beautiful-bridge-of-river-seine.jpg
DISNEY :
Disneyland Tickets. (n.d.). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://www.supertrips.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/DISNEY_CHARACTERS_RESIZE.jpg
Top 5 European Amusement Parks. (2015). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://tripelio.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/fantasyland__disneyland_paris_by_azerinn.jpg
Disneyland map. (n.d.). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://disney-pal.com/Disneyland Paris/images/disneyland_paris_map_2010.jpg
Disneyland Paris. (2010). Retrieved September 17, 2015, from http://en.parisinfo.com/var/otcp/sites/images/media/1.-photos/80.-photos-sugar/lieux-de-loisirs-et-de-culture/disneyland-paris-space-moutain-%7C-630x405-%7C-%C2%A9-otcp-disney/10879721-1-fre-FR/Disneyland-Paris-Space-Moutain-%7C-630x405-%7C-%C2%A9-OTCP-Disney_listitem_pro.jpg
MAYO:

10 Uses for Mayonnaise. (n.d.). Retrieved September 18, 2015, from http://img2-3.timeinc.net/toh/i/g/12/Home-Solutions/04-uses-mayo/00-uses-mayo.jpg


INVENTIONS:
ETCH-A-SKETCH:
Bleaney, R. (2013, February 2). Etch A Sketch inventor dies: Andre Cassagnes passes away in France. Retrieved September 18, 2015, from http://i1.mirror.co.uk/incoming/article1571992.ece/ALTERNATES/s615/Andre Cassagnes inventor of Etch A Sketch.jpg
HOT AIR BALLOON:
Montgolfier brothers. (n.d.). Retrieved September 18, 2015, from http://www.famousinventors.org/images/montgolfier-brothers.jpg
Montgolfier brothers flight. (2008, September 6). Retrieved September 18, 2015, from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7b/Montgolfier_brothers_flight.jpg/615px-Montgolfier_brothers_flight.jpg
HAIR DRYER:
Hair dryers. (n.d.). Retrieved September 18, 2015, from http://cdn.spectrumbrands.com/~/media/Images/Remington/WomensProducts/HairCare/HairDryers/D3020_PRD2_with_concentrator_and_diffuser.ashx?w=250&h=195&bc=white
Alexandre Godefroy. (n.d.). Retrieved September 18, 2015, from http://iandijocelyn.weebly.com/uploads/4/6/2/1/46214715/3227983.png?227
STETHOSCOPE:
THE MONAURAL STETHOSCOPE. (n.d.). Retrieved September 18, 2015, from http://www.antiquemed.com/Laennec_painting_Thom_small.gif
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