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Civil War

Major Events of the Civil War

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Transcript of Civil War

The Civil War: A World Divided Fort Sumter Fort Sumter was the first documented battle of the Civil War. The battle lasted 40 hours, during which only one Union soldier lost his life. When the Union lost control of the fort, 1/5 of the stronghold had burned to the ground. After the fort had been taken by the Confederacy, the Confederate Commander allowed all the Union soldiers, minus the dead one, to leave safely. Although the battle of Fort Sumter was the very first battle of the Civil War, it was not one of the most brutal. The First Battle of Bull Run was known as the first major battle of the civil war, 2,900 men losing their lives on the line of battle. During this bloody battle, man women and congressmen watched from D.C. The North was eventually defeated, and retreated. First Battle of Bull Run After taking Fort Henry on Febuary 6, Ulysses S. Grant moves to take Fort Donnelson. When at the fort, Ulysses sent the message: "No terms except unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted. I propose to move immediately upon your works." This meant that Ulysses would only accept them submitting immediatly, or would continue the fight until the Confederate's had no other choice. The battle lasted 3 days, when combined with the battle of Fort Henry, over 17,000 men lost their lives on the battlefield. Fighting on the Mississippi The Shiloh Battle On April 6, while Marching for Tennessee, the Union army was stopped by the Confederate army and was thrown into battle. Ulysses had not been expecting the sudden attack by the Confederates, and was caught off guard. When it seemed like his army was doomed to die, reinforcements for the Union arrived and overpowered the Confederates. 23, 746 men lose their lives in this battle. While trying to reach Richmond, the Union army gets into another battle against the Confederate army. On the Union side, the battle is headed by General John Pope. The Union's soldiers were defeated, and the Union army retreated into Washington. The death toll for this battle is 22,180. Second Battle of Bull Run Battle of Antietam During this battle, Robert E. Lee took command on the Confederate side, telling his forces that he planned to carry the fight to the enemy. He and the Confederate soldiers crossed the Potomac River into Maryland, attempting to get to Washington D.C. Unfortunately, he had been blocked by the Union army, cutting off his forces in a bloody battle. Realizing that there was no way for his army to get supplies due to the very violent battle, Lee withdraws from the battle and flees along with his forces. The toll of the battle was 23,100 deaths, one of the bloodiest battles thus far. Chancellorsville General Lee fought against General Joseph Hooker. Even though Hooker's forces more then doubled Lee's forces, Hooker lost. During the battle, General Thomas J. Jackson, nicknamed "Stonewall", lost his life, along with 20,000 others. Vicksburg The stage has been set at Vicksburg, Mississippi; a large and very strong fort that overlooked the great river. The Union forces surrounded the fort, giving siege to the stronghold. On the nation's birthday, July 4, Vicksburg surrendered, giving the North complete control of the Mississippi river. Causality Number: 35,835 Gettysburg The battle of Gettysburg is known as the bloodiest battle in Civil War. General Robert E. Lee leads and invading party into Washington, hoping to intimidate the Union forces. He also hoped to make this the last battle, making the south gain recognition as it's own country. On the Union side, the battle was lead by George G. Meade. The battle lasts three days, over 50,000 men taking a permanent dirt nap. The results of the battle was the Union standing, watching the Confederates retreating back to their capitol in Virginia Chickamauga Led by Braxton Bragg, the Confederate army leads an assault on the Union Army in Chickamauga Creek within Tennessee. The Union Army was commanded by George Thomas, both of which were trapped within Chattanooga. Eventually, the Confederates defeats the Union. The fatalities this battle brought was over 34,000.
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