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Different Approaches and Methods
Transcript of Different Approaches and Methods
Different Approaches and Methods
is a set of principles,beliefs or ideas about the nature of learning which translated into the classroom.
is a long term plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal.
is a systematic way of doing something. It implies an orderly logical arrangement of steps. It is more procedural.
is a well-defined procedure used to accomplish a specific activity or task.
1.Direct Instruction/lecture method
Indirect/Guided/ Exploratory Approach
-Direct Instruction is aimed at helping students acquire procedural knowledge exercised in the performance of some task. Procedural knowledge refers to skills needed in the performance of a task.
Ex. Focusing the microscope,doing power point presentation, playing basketball and sewing.
Steps of the direct method or Lecture Method.
Methodology in teaching skills, follow this steps:
a. provide the rationale
b.demonstrate the skills
c.provide guided practice until mastery
d.check for understanding and provide feedback
e.provide extended practice and transfer
f. asses learning at the end.
-Demonstration Method the teacher or an assigned students or group shows how a process is done while the students becomes observers. Materials that are not easily available or expensive are used sparingly in a demonstration, the demonstrator is knowledgeable in preparing the apparatus needed according to the steps to be followed.
Indirect instruction method is best used when the learning context is inquiry-based, the result is discovery and the learning context is a problem.This can come as
1. Inquiry method/ Discovery method
2. Problem- solving method and
3. Project method
we will never able to help children learn if we tell them everything they need to know, rather, we must provide them opportunities to explore , inquire and discover new learnings.
2.Problem Solving Method
Problem solving is a teaching strategy that employs the scientific method in searching for information. The five basic steps of the scientific method:
1.Sensing and defining the problem
3.Testing the likely hypothesis (by observing,conducting an experiment, collecting and organizing data through normative surveys)
4. Analysis, interpretation and evaluation of evidence.
In the project method learners solve a practical problem over a period of several days of weeks. The projects may be suggested by the teacher, but they are planned and executed as far as possible by the students themselves, individually or in groups.
Cooperative Learning makes use of a classroom organization where students work in groups or teams to help each other learn.Concepts from small group theory and group dynamics serve as the basis upon which skills in democratic procedures and collaborations are developed.
As the name of this method implies, this is learning with a partner.A students chooses partner from among his/her classmates. It can be employed when you get your students rehearse what they have learned and explore their understanding of content with a partner.This is also assigning "study Buddy"
The deductive approach may be suitable with lower level learners who need a clear base from which to begin with a new language item, or with learners who are accustomed to a more traditional approach and so who lack the training to find rules themselves.
The Opposite of direct method and deductive method is the inductive method. This is also indirect instruction. Like they begin with questions, problems and details and end up with answers, generalizations, conclusions.
Instead of explaining a given concept and following this explanation with examples, the teacher presents students with many examples showing how the concept is used. The intent is for students to “notice”, by way of the examples, how the concept works.
Simply adding online computer games or videos to a student’s day or homework time doesn’t count as blended learning. Neither does rolling a laptop cart into a school. Nor does it mean that students are isolated at their keyboards with no social interaction.
In great blended learning schools, technology and teaching inform each other. Students alternate regularly between engaging with teachers and peers and focusing on online content tailored to their learning pace and progress. Education Elements believes that tightly integrating online content and offline instruction helps students get exactly what they need when they need it – and that regularly reviewing student progress data and dynamically adjusting student groups optimizes student-teacher interactions.
Students/Teachers learn through an analysis and evaluation of past experiences. Without analysis , no new learning and ideas ca be constructed. Through reflection, the students/teachers experiences acquires meaning, hence she is able to formulate his/her own concepts that can be applied to new learning situations.
The prefix "meta" means beyond. Therefore, a meta cognitive approach is an approach that goes beyond cognition. It is approach that makes our students think about their thinking.
Constructivist view learning as an active process that results from self-constructed meanings. A meaningful connection is established between prior knowledge and the present learning activity.
The constructive approach is anchored on the beliefs that every individual constructs and reconstruct meanings depending on past experiences.
5. Integrated Approach
The integrated approach is intradisciplinary,interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary. In an integrated approach , there are no walls that clearly separate one subject from the rest. In short integrated combinations of different subjects like in mathematics, araling panlipunan and sciences.
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