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Civil War

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Madison Johnson

on 4 March 2014

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Transcript of Civil War

Civil War
Bull Run / Anaconda Plan
Election of 1860/1864
Battle of Vicksburg
Ft. Sumter
~ The war started on April 12, 1861.
Facts About the Election of 1860/1864!
By: Madison Johnson
Abraham Lincoln
John Bell
John Breckinridge
Stephen Douglas
Ft. Sumter / Vicksburg
Ft. Sumter
~ 1860 Presidential Election had four candidates, Abraham Lincoln, John Bell, Stephen Douglas, John Breckinridge. Lincoln won the election.
~ In the United States Presidential election of 1864, Abraham Lincoln was re-elected as president. Lincoln ran under the National Union banner against his former top Civil War general.
White men captured black Africans and made them work for white people in America in the south.
~ Battle of Vicksburg happened in May 18th - July 4th 1863.
106 killed
3,940 Wounded
164 Missing and Captured
805 Killed
1,938 Wounded
29,620 Missing and Captured
~ Fort Sumter surrendered 34 hours later.
New Technology
Rifles with Minie bullets were easy and quick to load, but soldiers still had to pause and reload after every shot.
The term "Anaconda Plan" was originally disapproved by those who thought it was foolish to plan for a long war.
This war was the first major land battle of the armies in Virginia, on July 16, 1861.
The Spencer Carbine could fire seven shots in 30 seconds.
More important than those advances were long-scale technological innovations such as the railroad.
The series of event began in December 20, 1860 and extended through June 8, 1860.
Strengths of Confederacy/Union
Total War
Monitor vs. Merrimack
Battle of Monitor vs. Merrimack is also called Hampton Roads. One of those wars that wasn't on land.

Total War is a military conflict in which the contenders are willing to make any sacrifice in lives and other resources to obtain a complete victory.
The Emancipation Proclamation
Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation on September 22nd, 1862.
Contributions of minorities/women
Harriet Tubman
Many women supported war effort as nurses and aides, while others secretly enlisted in the army as spies.
Both the union and the confederates brought African American troops to the battle field.
Gettysburg Battle and Gettysburg Address
Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee concentrated his army around Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, upon the approach of Union Gen. George G. Meade’s forces.
The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, one of the best-known in American history. It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War, on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
Sherman's March/Antietam
Sherman's March to the Sea is the name commonly given to the military Savannah Campaign in the American Civil War, conducted through Georgia from November 15 to December 21, 1864 by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman of the Union Army.
The Battle of Antietam, also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg, particularly in the South, fought on September 17, 1862, near Sharpsburg, Maryland, and Antietam Creek as part of the Maryland Campaign, was the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Union soil. After pursuing Confederate General Robert E. Lee into Maryland, Union Army Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan launched attacks against Lee's army, in defensive positions behind Antietam Creek. At dawn on September 17, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker's corps mounted a powerful assault on Lee's left flank.
13th Amendment
Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865, the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States and provides that "Neither slavery nor involuntary to serve.
On Palm Sunday April 9, 1865, Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House, Virginia signaled the end of the Southern States attempt to create a separate nation.
Assassination of Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln’s killer, John Wilkes Booth, was a Maryland native born in 1838 who remained in the North during the Civil War despite his Confederate sympathies.

The Union was more than twice the size of the Confederacy and they also had greater resources, controlling over 80 percent of the nation’s factories and industry.
Britain and France, two major buyers of southern cotton, might step in to aid the South. The South also had the skilled military leaders.
Full transcript