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Smoking prevalence and risk fctors
Transcript of Smoking prevalence and risk fctors
1-Amr Ashraf Aboelnaga.
2-Amr Said Elgohary.
3-Amr Sherif Elrefaey.
4-Amr Fawzy Elassal.
5-Amr Mohamed Elees. Mortality Aim Methodology Tobacco kills up to half of its users.
Tobacco kills nearly six million people each year, [5 million are users and ex users] and more than 600 000 are nonsmokers exposed to second-hand smoke.
Unless urgent action is taken, the annual death toll could rise to more than eight million by 2030. Studying smoking prevalence and influencing factors affecting it among first grade medical students in faculty of medicine, Tanta university to stand on the severity of the problem and prevent such phenomenon in more effective ways. Under supervision of :
Prof. Ibrahim El Kabbash
Dr.Yasmine Mohamed Introduction Smoking is a major problem worldwide.
The World Health Organization(WHO) reported that an estimated 1.3 billion people in the world smoke.
47.5% of men smoke compared to 10.3% of women. Why do people smoke Cigarette advertisements.
Smoking by parents , siblings and especially friends.
Stress or lack of self-confidence manifest as worries about weight or school performance. Morbidities Smoking status Current smoker Ex-Smoker Non smoker < 100 cigarettes.
doesn't smoke. > 100 cigarettes.
still smoking. >100 cigarettes.
stopped smoking. Prevalence of smoking among medical students and Health care workers in different countries 18% in Netherlands 15% in Finland 13.7% in Japan 22.4% in coastal south India 15.6% in Brazil in Chile
among health care workers: 37% are current smokers, 26% are ex-smokers Role of doctors and magnitude of the problem Advisor
Consequently, as medical students become future physicians, it is also important to determine the smoking status of medical students because it has been shown that among physicians, smoking status usually affects to some degree anti-smoking advice is provided A cross sectional study was held on 9th December 2012 on a cluster sample of 1st grade medical students -a population of nearly about 750 students- forming 25% of them. Conclusion 1st section was to be filled by all students with any smoking status.
its questions inquired history information about factors believed to be related to smoking. 2nd section was to be filled by current and ex-smokers only.
it inquired information about the subject's general attitude towards smoking habit. 3rd section was for smokers only.
it inquired information about nicotine dependence. yellowish teeth Lung cancer
chronic bronchitis Coronary diseases with sudden cardiac arrest.
increase blood pressure
increase blood clotting increases insulin resistance.
pancreas cancer infertility kidney cancer peptic ulcer using a 24-item written questionnaire filled by both interview and self-administrated methods. Table (2)
Smoking status by family history of smoking Table (1)
Smoking status by parents’ occupation Results about 96.5% of the survey population are non-smokers .
most of current smokers & ex-smokers have parents with university education.
smoking among relatives and parents was found a major risk factor for smoking among students. Recommendations inclusion of a separate tobacco education module into their medical course and adopting tobacco prevention programs to educate students about dangers of smoking.