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Domus Romana

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by

Erin Jankowiak

on 13 December 2013

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Transcript of Domus Romana

ianua
= doorway
ianitor
= doorkeeper
fauces/vestibulum
= foyer
taberna
= shop
entrance hallway leading from the ianua to the atrium
rooms at the front of the house that opened onto the street
rented out by the dominus
domus
= house
only middle class and wealthy families had a domus (private city house)
could be small:
the ground floor of an apartment building
separate one story building
wealthy families had houses with 2 or more stories located in the Palatine district
atrium
= main hall
central room of the house used for receiving guests and, in the morning, clients
today we might refer to it as a parlor
fresco
= wall painting
pictures painted
on the walls of
the atrium
Pegasus
compluvium
= hole in the roof
at the center of the atrium there was an opening in the roof through which sunlight shined in
the roof around this opening was also sloped so that rainwater would fall through it into the shallow pool below
Animal-head waterspouts channeled water into the pool
impluvium
= pool for rain water
used to collect rain water
there was a pipe underneath that drained extra water away so the pool didn't overflow
sometimes had statues or fountains for extra decoration
lararium
= shrine
shrine with statues of the household gods
family members would make small offerings and prayers to them
cubiculum
= bedroom
very small room used only for sleeping
didn't have closets - clothes were folded and kept in trunks
triclinium
= dining room
had a table (
mensa)
in the middle with 3 couches (
lecti)
placed around it
a lectus was wide enough for three people to recline on
frescos decorated the walls
tablinum
= study
culina
= kitchen
usually a small, dark room
charcoal and wood were used as fuel for the stove and oven
only wealthy families had running water
others got water from public fountains
peristylium
= open courtyard
walkway around the garden
surrounded by columns that held up the roof for the rooms around it
offered protection for children to play outdoors
alae
= wings
we don't really know what they were used for
served as a mix between a living room for the family and an office for the dominus
place where family records and accounts were stored
place where family members would study and write letters
hortus
= garden
backyard inside the house
filled with flowers, plants, statues and benches
might also have a fountain or a fishpond (
piscina
)
latrina
= bathroom
toilets were a bench of wood or stone with a hole in it as well as a bucket and sponge
positioned over the sewer passageway that connected to the
Cloaca Maxima
(the great sewer system of Rome)
no bathtubs - the Romans went to the public baths every day
mosaic
= tiled picture
picture created using small pieces of tile
decorated the floors of the domus
mosaics in the vestibulum often had a message for visitors
bibliotheca
= library
extra cubiculum were used for many different purposes
well educated families might use one as a library to keep all of their reading scrolls
lectus
(couch)
open to the atrium in
the front...
and the peristylium
in the back
Amphorae
- containers for holding wine, olive oil...
Cave Canem
Full transcript