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The Teacher Wars - Presentation Chapters 1,2,3

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on 25 March 2015

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Transcript of The Teacher Wars - Presentation Chapters 1,2,3

"Missionary Teachers"
Early 1800s
Very few public schools
They were ran by town councils, churches or neighbors
School was held for only six weeks
Catharine Beecher
Hartford Female Seminary
Horace Mann
supporter of school reform
Board of National Popular Education
"No Shirking, No Shulking"
Edward Pierce
Argued that former slaves needed teachers
Port Royal Experiment
Charlotte Forten
One of the few blacks that was able to afford a proper education
Lessons on racial pride
Du Bois
Argued for proper education for slaves
Horace Mann (1796-1859)
was a great pioneer in founding the American public
school system
born on May 4th of 1796 in Franklin, Massachusetts
graduated Brown University
was a practicing lawyer
served Massachusetts House of Representatives 1827-1833
served Massachusetts Senate 1835-1837
became 1st Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education in 1837
Horace Mann
took an interest in political, education and social reform
He gave speech on advancement of the human race through which education, philanthropy, and republicanism could combine to benefit mankind
Mann's view on education
Education, then, beyond all other devices of human origin, is the great equalizer of the conditions of men, — the
balance-wheel of the social machinery

- Horace Mann, 12th Annual Report to the Massachusetts State Board of Education (1848) -
Active Role in Different Areas
Introduced schools for women
Took active role in organizations
Was a writer (only provide few examples)
"Suggestions Respecting Improvements in Education" (1829)
"A Treatise on Domestic Economy" (1841)
"The Duty of American Women to Their Country" (1845)
"The True Remedy for the Wrongs of Women" (1871).
rewrote textbooks that were not appropriate
Her Beliefs
Women's role to educate
Importance of Calisthenics (exercises); Home Economics
Incorporate more male subjects.
Was actively against women's suffrage

Who Beecher Focused on
Very Focused on the higher white elites
Eventually lowered expectations to all classes
Women in Society at the Time
Women expected to take role of mother
Few options for jobs and poor pay
Commercialization changed the economy
Women as teachers
Kerry Burns
Hilary Dayton
Caitlan Spencer
Amalia Spero
Interactive PADLET participation
1815 - 1850: educationally
- Common Schools - Missionary Teachers
public education: " a new, more gentle church and female teachers as the ministers of American morality" - p. 15
women offered more nurturing appeal and cheaper
this still haunts us today as a profession

- Hartford Seminary Opens (1823) - First all women formal school

- Normal Schools (1840) - to educate teachers, including women

1815 - 1850: politically
Catharine Beecher
Horace Mann
Susan B. Anthony
Elizabeth Stanton
Lucretia Motts
the Players
Catharine Breecher
Education in the 17's and 18's
Elizabeth Stanton / Lucrecia Motts
Full transcript