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Religion in the Elizabethan Era
Transcript of Religion in the Elizabethan Era
(Shakespeare's father and sister were reported as absent, though his father's debts probably were the cause of his inability to attend church.) Major Religions How Important Was Religion Then? The two major religions in Elizabethan England were the Catholic and Protestant religions. The convictions and beliefs in these different religions were so strong that they led to the executions of many adherents to both of these Elizabethan religions. Queen Elizabeth Queen Mary Queen Mary I (r.1553-1558), Elizabeth's sister, believed passionately in the Catholic religion and persecuted Protestants who were burned alive for their beliefs ( hence her nickname Bloody Mary ) Trying To Keep Peace When Queen Elizabeth ascended to the throne, there were violent clashes throughout Europe between Protestant and Catholic leaders and their followers. Though Elizabeth honored many of the Protestant edicts of her late father, King Henry VIII, she made significant concessions to Catholic sympathizers, which kept them from attempting rebellion. Rebellion At first, Elizabeth did not want to outright execute Catholics, attempting to distinguish her own rule from that of Mary Tudor. But the rebellion led by Edmund Campion and Robert Persons proved to be the limit, and these men became the first Catholic martyrs under Elizabeth. Almost twenty years of plotting went on, until in 1586 Elizabeth finally put Mary on trial at Fotheringhay Castle and in early 1587, Mary was executed in order to secure Elizabeth’s place on the throne as well as religious control.
In 1588, Elizabeth faced yet another Catholic threat from Philip V of Spain, and it was defeating his Armada that finally ensured her English Protestant power. Within more or less the past decade the nation had gone from Protestant under Edward VI to Catholic under Mary and now back to Protestant. Elizabethan policy allowed freedom of belief as long as English subjects did not openly flout the law or encourage sedition. Queen Elizabeth I (r.1558-1603) Adhered to the Protestant religion and restored Protestantism as the official religion. She did, however, firmly believe that people should be allowed to practice the Catholic religion without fear of recrimination so long as it presented no threat to peace in the realm and her rule over England. While it was not a crime to be Catholic in Elizabethan England, there was no legal way for Catholics to practice their faith. It was illegal to hold or to attend a Mass. Powerful people, however, were less likely to be punished than others. (This was before Queen Elizabeth and the policy of religion.) Reformation In the early 1500's the people of England all practiced the Roman Catholic religion. The practices of the Catholic religion were questioned during the Reformation and the beliefs of men such as the German Martin Luther (1483 - 1546) prompted a new religion called Protestantism... Elizabeth destroyed the rebel army and plundered the region in response, hanging 800 men in the first month of 1570. Catholics were no longer just enemies of the church to be reprimanded, but intolerable enemies of the nation. Attempts To Take Back Throne I disagree with this! You don't need a pope to find God! Queen Elizabeth I Other religions beside
Protestant and Roman Catholic: Wicca
-The Wicca religion was known as anything to do with witchcraft, "witches" would be classified as anyone who could use herbs
-The witches were blamed for the unexplained evil, i.e Bubonic Plague
-There were very few Jews in England.
-The only knowledge about Jews were from rumors and reputations.
- Jews were also considered to be witches.
-Particular practice of Protestantism in France, known as "The Protestant Reformation"
- Began in Germany in 1517 and rapidly spread.
-1562 this religion had at least 1 million followers
Church of England
-In 1559 the parliament was called to create a new Church of England as Elizabeth cut off ties with the roman catholic church.
-Called either "new religion" or "the established church".
-In 1534 King Henry VIII of England established the church of England (protestant denomination of Christianity) WORK CITED PAGE http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/religion-elizabethan-england.htm , March 20, 2012
http://www.elizabethan.org/compendium/7.html , March 29, 2008
http://www.noblesandcourtiers.org/queen-elizabeth-i-jews-catholics.htm , March 20, 2012
http://richardiiicasebook.blogspot.com/2010/02/protestants-versus-catholics-religion.html , February 27, 2010
By Taylor Hempel and Kimberley Nelson