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African American Stereotypes In Media
Transcript of African American Stereotypes In Media
Gone with the Wind
Stereotypes in Rap
criminal, violent, aggressive
"mentally inferior, physically and culturally un-evolved" (Green 1999)
Origins of Rap
Crime, violence, sex addiction, gang-involvement, alcohol and substance abuse, misogyny, and anti-law enforcement
"Son do you know why I'm stopping you for"
Cause I'm young and I'm black and my hat's real low
Do I look like a mind reader sir, I don't know
Am I under arrest or should I guess some more?
"Well you was doing fifty-five in a fifty-four
License and registration and step out of the car
Are you carrying a weapon on you? I know a lot of you are"
Deviating from stereotypes
Only 1 African American man and/or woman per show. It gives them more metaphorical power to instill negative stereotypes. (Boyd, 16)
The show revived the negative stereotypes that were perpetrated by the minstrel shows. It recreated the Jezebel and savage/buck stereotypes. (Boyd, 15)
"Stop this horrible massacre of images that are being put on this screen now" - Bill Cosby
Generalizations about social groups that don't take into account the differences within a group
Lead to distorted "over-generalizations" (Seiter)
any communication channel in which information is broadcasted
Print, Broadcast, Internet
Theater, Books, Movie, TV, Advertising, Music
White men would dress up as blacks by blackening their face with burnt cork or grease paint
The white men would use these performances to mock blacks by dressing in tattered clothes and acting foolish
The minstrel show became one of the main forms of entertainment for democrats of that time
Living life without fear
Putting 5 karats in my baby girl's ears
Lunches, brunches, interviews by the pool
Considered a fool cause I dropped out of high school. Stereotypes of a black male misunderstood.”
For a long time music was black or white, but now there's people like Tyler the Creator making a huge impact. Like me, he's a middle-class black kid....
- Childish Gambino
Fresh Prince of Bel Air
Only 3 female African American actresses in it's 39 year run
Minstrel Era Jezebel Stereotype - Black women typically played by men in drag. (Coddett)
Out of the 23 current staff writers, only one is black
Current Jezebel - The black female actresses have negative stereotypical roles - gold diggers, baby mamas, angry black women, etc.
Malcolm-Jamal Warner (Theo) refused to "act black" in the script for "Here and Now" (Wilkerson)
Jim crow and people
Minstrel Shows began in the U.S. in the 1830s as a form of American theater in which the working class men dressed up as plantation slaves.
Little Black Sambo
Thomas Dartmouth "Daddy" Rice is the "father of American minstrel" and he started this tradition in 1828 in New York City theater when he formed a song-and-dance routine in blackface and tattered clothes.
The act that Rice performed was based on a famous black figure names Jim Crow.
No one knows who the real Jim Crow is but the character that Rice portrayed was a stereotypical black character of that time.
His act gained fame and fortune and he traveled through the country and to England.
Typical Minstrel Show Performance
Jim Crow Song and Dance
Yeah, for the ice and glamorized drug dealing was appealing
But the block club kept it from in front of our building
Gangsta rap-based filmings became the building blocks
For children with leaking ceilings catching drippings with pots
- Lupe Fiasco
Drugs, Materialism, Education, Poverty, Idealism
"F--k Tha Police"
"Parental Discretion Iz Advised"
A minor character often studied is her domestic slave referred to as "Mammy"which the term first originated and is a Southern United States archetype for a black woman who, often enslaved, worked for a white family nursing the family's children