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Food & Hunger

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Andrea C

on 13 January 2014

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Transcript of Food & Hunger

Food & Hunger
Hunger exists because...
The way food is
grown
and
distributed
is
unfair:
Poverty
- most poor people don’t have access to land to grow viable crops or keep livestock, or to steady work that would give them an income to buy food.
Conflict (War)
- destroys land and the chance to earn a decent living.
Natural Disasters & Droughts
- destroys land and food supply.
Over-Exploitation of the Environment
- natural resources are used in ways that are not sustainable. Fertilizers and pollution lead to soil erosion,
Poor Agricultural Infrastructure
- there is not enough investment in the rural sector in many countries to support agricultural development.
The drastic
increase in food prices
in 2008 pushed even more people into hunger.
Cash Crops
- today almost all crops are grown for revenue rather than for use by the grower and their family.
Barriers to Trade
- Europe, Canada, and the United States protect their agricultural sectors with
high import tariffs
and offer
subsidies
to farmers. This prevents developing countries from engaging in international trade opportunities because it results in
overproduction.
This leads to a
reduction in the global price
of these products until small scale farmers are unable to compete in world markets.
The way spending is prioritized: http://www.wfp.org/videos/human-rescue-plan?page=5
Look on the bright side...
Hunger IS a solvable problem and these organizations are working to feed the hungry...
Absence of Catholic Social Teachings

Human Dignity
- nearly a billion hungry people means that
people are being treated as if they are not worth it
and that priority is not being given to their life, as
more money is being spent on war
rather than ensuring that nobody goes hungry.

Community & Common Good
- if there is enough food for everyone, then the world should move away from individualism and
instead reach out to the marginalized.


Rights & Responsibilities
- human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration such as the
fundamental right to life, and food are being violated.

Option For the Poor
- if one in seven are hungry, then
six in seven
are
not doing as much as they can
for those who lack minimum necessities.

Global Solidarity
- there should not be so many people on a global level struggling to sustain life because they do not have enough to eat.
Humans are responsible for each other, regardless of where they live.
Developing countries are being exploited by developed countries.

Constructive Role For Government
- governments in developing countries should
assist their citizens
and
protect their rights to food.



How what we eat affects what others don't.

Yolanda Alfaro, Vanessa Maddalena, & Andrea Caruso
The
sensation
of hunger- is universal...
Undernourished is used to describe people whose food intake does
not
include the
minimum energy intake
of
1800 Calories per day.


Being undernourished slows down productivity, increases weakness, fatigue, and lack of concentration.

There is always an uncertainty about
when
and
where
the next meal will come from. This is known as
food insecurity
which exists when people
lack access
to nutritious food for proper development and ultimately...to sustain
life!

Eventually, the human body will start to
feed on itself
: beginning with fat, muscle, and finally the organs...making death
inevitable.

...but it is very different for people who are
under-nourished.

Where are the
w rld's
hungry

Sub-Saharan Africa:
239 Million
Asia & The Pacific:
578 Million
Latin America & The Caribbean:
53 Million
East & North Africa:
37 Million
Developed Countries:
19 Million
1 in 7
926 Million

Global Scale
National Scale
Local Scale
Global Hunger Statistics: Absolute Poverty
Hunger and malnutrition are the
number one
risk to health worldwide- greater than AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined.
10.9

million
children
under five
die in developing countries each year. Malnutrition and hunger-related diseases cause
60%
of the deaths.
65%
of the world's hungry live in only
seven
countries. (Bangladesh, China, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, & Pakistan).
1 in 7
people do not get enough food.
It is estimated that
684 000
child deaths could be prevented by increasing access to vitamin A and zinc.
Iron deficiency is impairing cognitive development of
40-60%
of children in developing countries.
Zinc deficiency contributes to growth failure and weakened immunity, and leads to an estimated
800 000
child deaths/year.
Do not have enough to eat.
http://www.wfp.org/videos/wfp-who-we-are-what-we-do
The World Food Programme exists because of hunger.
...but why does hunger exist?
The world produces enough food for everyone, but not everyone has enough food.

WHY?

Do you think an increasing population, or overpopulation is one of the reasons?
...on a global scale.
...on a national scale.
...on a local scale.
Democratic Republic of Congo
Relief through
food assistance
to displaced people, refugees, and victims of natural disasters.
Nutrition support
to pregnant and nursing women, children under 5 years of age, and people living with HIV and TB.
School feeding programs.
WFP is working to connect farmers in the DRC to markets through an initiative that
encourages progress.


Ethiopia
WFP activities are intended to contribute towards Ethiopia's growth and transformation plan, through addressing food insecurity in the country.
WFP provides food assistance to
320 000

refugees
in Southern Ethiopia.
They provide a
daily hot meal
to nearly
700 000 school children.
This
promotes attendance, enrollment, and reduces drop outs.

WFP uses
sustainable land
and
water management practices
to
increase productivity in food insecure communities.
WFP covers the needs of
2.6 million people
through its relief program in Ethiopia.
India
Combat malnutrition
and invest in human resources
Help
improve immediate food security
for selected target groups
Maximize active participation of women
in projects
Advocate
forest management
Help
strengthen distribution channels for locally produced food grains
Increase
agricultural production
and
create employment
Focuses on poor women, especially mothers, at-risk children, and poor forest dependent populations.
Pakistan
In response to the devastating floods that hit Pakistan in late 2010, WFP launched an
emergency response
providing
life saving food rations
to affected families in the country's north covering a total of
62
of the country's worst affected districts.
By the end of 2010, WFP had reached close to
8.8 million victims of the disaster
with food assistance, including
7 million within a single monthly distribution cycle
in October.
Prevent nutritional declines
amongst the most vulnerable, including young children and infants.
In 2011, WFP
continued
their work,
restored their livelihood
and assets through food and
cash for work activities.

Since 2011, WFP provided nutritional support to 3 million flood victims.
Bangladesh
Focus to improve the long term food security and
nutritional well being
of people living in the poorest communities in rural and urban areas.
Since 1974, they have assisted more than
155 million people
through development programs over the past 39 years.
Improving
maternal and child nutrition
-
working to break inter-generational cycle of under nutrition
by giving
priority to a child's first 1000 days of life.
WFP provides
specialized nutritious foods
for children, pregnant women, and adolescent girls.
Provide
refugees with oil, rice, salt, sugar,
and specialized nutritious foods
Participants of the food security program report that they
now eat three meals a day and consume more diverse food.
Canadian Hunger Statistics: Relative Poverty
Each month,

850 000
Canadians are assisted by food banks.
36.4%
of those are children.
4.3%
are aged
65+
.
8%
of food banks ran out of food when this survey was conducted.
50%
of food banks needed to cut back on the amount of food provided to each household.

Welland & Niagara Hunger Statistics: Relative Poverty
15%
are considered to be living in poverty while the provincial average is
14.4%.
33%
of visits to food banks are made by children.
What should be done?
Poor farmers must no longer be forced off their land.
Crop use should be prioritized: to feed humans first, then cars.
North Americans should reassess the $48 billion of food that gets thrown away each year.
The world's largest humanitarian organization addressing hunger, providing nutrition, and promoting food security in areas of absolute poverty.
They provide meals to over 22 million school children in 60 countries each year.
They deliver thousands of tonnes of food per year to impoverished areas.
They also offer food vouchers and cash so that people can buy food for themselves.
Serves 85% of people who access essential food programs nationwide.
Strives to meet short term need for food and find long term solutions to hunger in order to reduce the need for food banks and emergency food services in Canada.
Builds partnerships with corporate donors.
Creates policy recommendations that will reduce hunger and poverty in Canada.
Serves people through community kitchens and their retail food program.
Today, there are more than 800 food banks, and 3000 food programs in Canada.
Grocery allotments distributed through their food bank provide each family with a healthy supply of food, including meat, breads, fresh milk, and fresh produce when available.

The mission serves 850-950 individuals each month, which includes, 325 children under 19.
Don't let the numbers distract you:
The world's hungry are not just numbers.
They are
people
— poor women and men struggling to bring up their children and give them a better life. They are youth trying to build a future for themselves.
Some food for thought...
Do you think that tariffs on agricultural products should be eliminated or reduced?
Are the numbers
distracting?
Food: required for all, unavailable to many.
How the following Catholic Social Teachings are especially absent.
Indonesia
Since 1998, WFP has supported
more than 20 million
food insecure Indonesians.
They have
reduced the number of citizens who lack basic nutrition, below critical levels.
Respond to immediate food and nutrition needs in the most
vulnerable groups
while
investing in programs that foster local ownership
and sustainability.
Do you think our generation will see an end to hunger on all levels?
http://www.wfp.org/videos/wfp-logistics
Full transcript